Title 210—APPELLATE PROCEDURE
PART I. RULES OF APPELLATE PROCEDURE
[ 210 PA. CODE CH. 19 ]
Amendment of Rules 1921, 1926, 1931, 1951 and 1952 of the Rules of Appellate Procedure; No. 227 Appellate Procedural Rules Doc.
[43 Pa.B. 2810]
[Saturday, May 25, 2013]
And Now, this 9th day of May, 2013, upon the recommendation of the Appellate Court Procedural Rules Committee; the proposal having been published for public comment at 40 Pa.B. 2741 (May 29, 2010) and revised and republished at 42 Pa.B. 1986 (April 14, 2012):
It Is Ordered pursuant to Article V, Section 10 of the Constitution of Pennsylvania that Pennsylvania Rules of Appellate Procedure 1921, 1926, 1931, 1951 and 1952 are amended in the following form.
This Order shall be processed in accordance with Pa.R.J.A. No. 103(b), and the amendments herein shall be effective to appeals and petitions for review filed 30 days after adoption.
TITLE 210. APPELLATE PROCEDURE
PART I. RULES OF APPELLATE PROCEDURE
ARTICLE II. APPELLATE PROCEDURE
CHAPTER 19. PREPARATION AND TRANSMISSION OF RECORD AND RELATED MATTERS
RECORD ON APPEAL FROM LOWER COURT
Rule 1921. Composition of Record on Appeal.
The original papers and exhibits filed in the lower court, [hard] paper copies of legal papers filed with the prothonotary by means of electronic filing, the transcript of proceedings, if any, and a certified copy of the docket entries prepared by the clerk of the lower court shall constitute the record on appeal in all cases.
Official Note: [The rule is intended as a codification of present practice.] An appellate court may consider only the facts which have been duly certified in the record on appeal. Commonwealth v. Young, 456 Pa. 102, 115, 317 A.2d 258, 264 (1974). All involved in the appellate process have a duty to take steps necessary to assure that the appellate court has a complete record on appeal, so that the appellate court has the materials necessary to review the issues raised on appeal. Ultimate responsibility for a complete record rests with the party raising an issue that requires appellate court access to record materials. See, e.g., Commonwealth v. Williams, 552 Pa. 451, 460, 715 A.2d 1101, 1106 (1998) (addressing obligation of appellant to purchase transcript and ensure its transmission to the appellate court). Rule 1931 (c) and (f) afford a ''safe harbor'' from waiver of issues based on an incomplete record. Parties may rely on the list of documents transmitted to the appellate court and served on the parties. If the list shows that the record transmitted is incomplete, the parties have an obligation to supplement the record pursuant to Rule 1926 (correction or modification of the record) or other mechanisms in Chapter 19. If the list shows that the record transmitted is complete, but it is not, the omission shall not be a basis for the appellate court to find waiver. This principle is consistent with the Supreme Court's determination in Commonwealth v. Brown, __ Pa. __ , 52 A.3d 1139, 1145 n.4 (2012) that where the accuracy of a pertinent document is undisputed, the Court could consider that document if it was in the Reproduced Record, even though it was not in the record that had been transmitted to the Court. Further, if the appellate court determines that something in the original record or otherwise presented to the trial court is necessary to decide the case and is not included in the certified record, the appellate court may, upon notice to the parties, request it from the trial court sua sponte and supplement the certified record following receipt of the missing item. See Rule 1926 (correction or modification of the record).
Pa.R.C.P. No. 205.4(a)(1) authorizes a court by local rule to permit or require electronic filing of legal papers with the prothonotary. Therefore, the amendment to Rule 1921 provides that where such electronic filing is utilized, hard copies of legal papers electronically filed shall become part of the record on appeal.]
Rule 1926. Correction or Modification of the Record.
[If any difference arises as to whether the record truly discloses what occurred in the lower court, the difference shall be submitted to and settled by that court after notice to the parties and opportunity for objection, and the record made to conform to the truth. If anything material to either party is omitted from the record by error or accident or is misstated therein, the parties by stipulation, or the lower court either before or after the record is transmitted to the appellate court, or the appellate court, on proper suggestion or of its own initiative, may direct that the omission or misstatement be corrected, and if necessary that a supplemental record be certified and transmitted. All other questions as to the form and content of the record shall be presented to the appellate court.
Official Note: Based on former Supreme Court Rule 63 and former Superior Court Rule 54. This rule is intended to close a gap in the prior practice whereby the lower court could not correct an error discovered in writing an opinion under Rule 1925 (opinion in support of order). This rule does not enlarge the power of the lower court to rewrite the record but, together with Rule 1922(c) (certification and filing), merely postpones the reading and correction by the trial judge of an unobjected to transcript (except for the charge to the jury in criminal proceedings) from the transcription stage to the opinion writing stage, so as to conform to actual practice.]
(a) If any difference arises as to whether the record truly discloses what occurred in the trial court, the difference shall be submitted to and settled by that court after notice to the parties and opportunity for objection, and the record made to conform to the truth.
(b) If anything material to a party is omitted from the record by error, breakdown in processes of the court, or accident or is misstated therein, the omission or misstatement may be corrected by the following means:
(1) by the trial court or the appellate court upon application or on its own initiative at any time; in the event of correction or modification by the trial court, that court shall direct that a supplemental record be certified and transmitted if necessary; or
(2) by the parties by stipulation filed in the trial court, in which case, if the trial court clerk has already certified the record, the parties shall file in the appellate court a copy of any stipulation filed pursuant to this rule, and the trial court clerk shall certify and transmit as a supplemental record the materials described in the stipulation.
(c) The trial court clerk shall transmit any supplemental record required by this rule within 14 days of the order or stipulation that requires it.
(d) All other questions as to the form and content of the record shall be presented to the appellate court.
Official Note: The stipulation described in this rule need not be approved by the trial court or the appellate court, but both courts retain the authority to strike any stipulation that does not correct an omission or misstatement in the record.
Rule 1931. Transmission of the Record.
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(c) Duty of clerk to transmit the record.—When the record is complete for purposes of the appeal, the clerk of the lower court shall transmit it to the prothonotary of the appellate court. The clerk of the lower court shall number the documents comprising the record and shall transmit with the record a list of the documents correspondingly numbered and identified with [reasonable definiteness] sufficient specificity to allow the parties on appeal to identify each document and to determine whether the record on appeal is complete. Documents of unusual bulk or weight and physical exhibits other than documents shall not be transmitted by the clerk unless he or she is directed to do so by a party or by the prothonotary of the appellate court. A party must make advance arrangements with the clerk for the transportation and receipt of exhibits of unusual bulk or weight. Transmission of the record is effected when the clerk of the lower court mails or otherwise forwards the record to the prothonotary of the appellate court. The clerk of the lower court shall indicate, by endorsement on the face of the record or otherwise, the date upon which the record is transmitted to the appellate court.
(d) Service of the list of record documents.—The clerk of the lower court shall, at the time of the transmittal of the record to the appellate court, mail a copy of the list of record documents to all counsel of record, or if unrepresented by counsel, to the parties at the address they have provided to the clerk. The clerk shall note on the docket the giving of such notice.
(e) Multiple appeals.—Where more than one appeal is taken from the same order, it shall be sufficient to transmit a single record, without duplication.
(f) Inconsistency between list of record documents and documents actually transmitted.—If the clerk of the lower court fails to transmit to the appellate court all of the documents identified in the list of record documents, such failure shall be deemed a breakdown in processes of the court. Any omission shall be corrected promptly pursuant to Rule 1926 (correction or modification of the record) and shall not be the basis for any penalty against a party.
Official Note: [Former Supreme Court Rule 22 required the record to be returned forthwith. See also former Superior Court Rule 50 and former Commonwealth Court Rules 22 and 23.] Rule 1926 (correction or modification of the record) provides the means to resolve any disagreement between the parties as to what should be included in the record on appeal.
The 2007 amendment expands the time period for the trial court to transmit the certified record, including any opinions drafted pursuant to Pa.R.A.P. 1925(a), from forty to sixty days. The appellate court retains the ability to establish a shorter (or longer) period of time for the transmittal of the record in any class or classes of cases.]
RECORD ON PETITION FOR REVIEW OF ORDERS OF GOVERNMENT UNITS OTHER THAN COURTS
Rule 1951. Record below in Proceedings on Petition for Review.
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(b) Omissions from or misstatements of the record below.—If anything material to any party is omitted from the record or is misstated therein, the parties may at any time supply the omission or correct the misstatement by stipulation, or the court may at any time direct that the omission or misstatement be corrected and, if necessary, that a supplemental record be prepared and filed. Failure of the agency to transmit part of the record of agency proceedings to the appellate court shall not be the basis for a finding of waiver.
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Rule 1952. Filing of Record in Response to Petition for Review.
(a) Time and notice.—Where under the applicable law the question raised by a petition for review may bedetermined in whole or in part upon the record before the government unit, the government unit shall file the record with the prothonotary of the court named in the petition for review within 40 days after service upon it of the petition. The court may shorten or extend the time prescribed in this subdivision. The prothonotary shall give notice to all parties of the date on which the record is filed.
(b) Certificate of record.—The government unit shall certify the contents of the record and a list of all documents, transcripts of testimony, exhibits and other material comprising the record. The government unit shall (1) arrange the documents to be certified in chronological order, (2) number them, and (3) affix to the right or bottom edge of the first page of each document a tab showing the number of that document. These shall be bound and shall contain a table of contents identifying each document in the record. The certificate shall be made by the head, chairman, deputy or secretary of the government unit. The government unit may file the entire record or such parts thereof as the parties may designate by stipulation filed with the government unit. The original papers in the government unit or certified copies thereof may be filed. Instead of filing the record or designated parts thereof, the government unit may file a certified list of all documents, transcripts of testimony, exhibits and other material comprising the record, or a certified list of such parts thereof as the parties may designate, adequately describing each, and the filing of the certified list shall constitute filing of the record. The parties may stipulate that neither the record nor a certified list be filed with the court. The stipulation shall be filed with the prothonotary of the court, and the date of its filing shall be deemed the date on which the record is filed. If a certified list is filed, or if the parties designate only parts of the record for filing or stipulate that neither the record nor a certified list be filed, the government unit shall retain the record or parts thereof. Upon request of the court or the request of a party, the record or any part thereof thus retained shall be transmitted to the court notwithstanding any prior stipulation. All parts of the record retained by the government unit shall be a part of the record on review for all purposes.
(c) Notice to counsel of contents of certified record.—At the time of transmission of the record to the appellate court, the government unit shall send a copy of the list of the contents of the certified record to all counsel of record, or, if a party is unrepresented by counsel, to that party at the address provided to the government unit.
Official Note: [Based in part upon former Commonwealth Court Rules 22, 23 and 32A (second sentence). The time within which the record must be certified has been increased from 20 days to 40 days to conform to Rule 1931 (transmission of the record).] The addition of subdivision (c) in 2012 requires government units other than courts to notify counsel of the contents of the certified record. This is an extension of the requirement in Rule 1931 (transmission of the record) that trial courts give such notice.
[Pa.B. Doc. No. 13-946. Filed for public inspection May 24, 2013, 9:00 a.m.]
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