PART I. GENERAL
1. APPEALS FROM CERTAIN ADMINISTRATIVE
100. RULES OF CONSTRUCTION 51
200. BUSINESS OF COURTS 201
400. SERVICE OF ORIGINAL PROCESS 400
1000. ACTIONS 1001
1300. ARBITRATION 1301
1350. FORMS 1351
1400. ACTS OF ASSEMBLY 1401
1480. ABOLITION OF SPECIAL ACTIONS 1480
1500. EQUITABLE RELIEF 1501
1600. ACTION FOR DECLARATORY JUDGMENTS 1601
1650. ACTIONS IN MECHANICS LIENS 1650
1700. CLASS ACTIONS 1700
1800. [Rescinded] 1801
1900. ACTIONS PURSUANT TO THE PROTECTION FROM
ABUSE ACT 1901
1910. ACTIONS FOR SUPPORT 1910.1
1915. ACTIONS FOR CUSTODY OF MINOR CHILDREN 1915.1
1920. ACTIONS OF DIVORCE OR FOR ANNULMENT OF
1930. RULES RELATING TO DOMESTIC RELATIONS
MATTERS GENERALLY 1930.1
1940. VOLUNTARY MEDIATION IN CUSTODY ACTIONS 1940.1
1950. ACTIONS PURSUANT TO THE PROTECTION OF
VICTIMS OF SEXUAL VIOLENCE OR INTIMIDATION ACT 1951
2000. ACTIONS BY REAL PARTIES IN INTEREST 2001
2020. MINORS AS PARTIES 2026
2050. INCAPACITATED PERSONS AS PARTIES 2051
2070. INDIVIDUAL DEFENDANTS WHO ARE NON-RESIDENTS
OR WHO CONCEAL THEIR WHEREABOUTS 2076
2100. THE COMMONWEALTH AND POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS
AS PARTIES 2101
2120. PARTNERSHIPS AS PARTIES 2126
2150. UNINCORPORATED ASSOCIATIONS AS PARTIES 2151
2170. CORPORATIONS AND SIMILAR ENTITIES AS PARTIES 2176
2200. ACTIONS FOR WRONGFUL DEATH 2201
2220. JOINDER OF PARTIES 2226
2250. JOINDER OF ADDITIONAL DEFENDANTS 2251
2300. INTERPLEADER BY DEFENDANTS 2301
2320. INTERVENTION 2326
2350. SUBSTITUTION OF PARTIES 2351
2950. CONFESSION OF JUDGMENT FOR MONEY 2950
2970. CONFESSION OF JUDGMENT FOR POSSESSION
OF REAL PROPERTY 2970
2980. STATUTORY ACTION TO CONFORM CONFESSED
3000. JUDGMENTS 3001
4000. DEPOSITIONS AND DISCOVERY 4001
Rules of Civil Procedure
The General Assembly, by Act of June 21, 1937, P. L. 1982, as amended, 17 P. S. § 61 et seq. (repealed), vested in the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania the power to prescribe by general rule the practice and procedure in civil actions for the courts of common pleas. This concept was incorporated into the Constitution of 1968, Article V, Section 10(c) which continued to vest in the Supreme Court:
. . . the power to prescribe general rules governing practice, procedure, and conduct of all courts . . . if such rules are consistent with Constitution and neither abridge, enlarge nor modify the substantive right of any litigant, nor affect the right of the General Assembly to determine the jurisdiction of any court or justice of peace, nor suspend nor alter any statute of limitation or repose. All laws shall be suspended to the extent that they are inconsistent with rules prescribed under these provisions.
This Constitutional provision is now implemented by section 1722 of the Judicial Code, 42 Pa.C.S. § 1722, relating to the adoption of administrative and procedural rules.
Pursuant to such rule making power the Supreme Court appointed a Civil Procedural Rules Committee to assist the Court in the preparation and revision of the Rules. The Rules of Civil Procedure were recommended by the Committee and adopted by the Court. Specific numbers were assigned to the chapters of the rules as they were promulgated pursuant to a general plan. The explanatory notes following the Rules were prepared by the Committee for the convenience of the Bench and Bar but were not part of the Rules and were not officially adopted or promulgated by the Supreme Court.
Section 323 of the Judicial Code, 42 Pa.C.S. § 323, continues the prior law empowering every court to make such rules and orders of court as the interest of justice or the business of the court may require. Rule of Civil Procedure 239 sets forth the limitation that local rules may not be inconsistent with Acts of Assembly or general rules of the Supreme Court.
By an order of the Supreme Court dated December 31, 1968, all rules then in force governing practice and procedure in courts, including the rules of civil procedure, were continued in force under the Constitution of 1968 until suspended, revoked or modified pursuant to Article V, Section 10(c) of that Constitution.
Equity Rule 92, adopted by the Supreme Court, May 13, 1940, and as amended Nov. 28, 1941, read as follows:
Those Rules of Civil Procedure promulgated by the Supreme Court which are applicable to equity practice and procedure, shall prevail over any existing Equity Rules which are inconsistent therewith; and the Equity Rules are modified, or abrogated, to the extent of such inconsistency, as of the respective dates the dominant Rules of Civil Procedure became or become operative.
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