Pennsylvania Code & Bulletin
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA

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Pennsylvania Code



Subchapter F. COLLECTION AND TRANSPORTATION


GENERAL


Sec.
284.501.    Scope.

TYPES OF WASTE


284.511.    Transportation of ash residue from regulated medical or chemotherapeutic waste incineration.
284.512.    Transportation of regulated medical and chemotherapeutic waste; general provisions.
284.513.    Transportation of regulated medical and chemotherapeutic waste; additional provisions.
284.514.    Transportation of processing residue from a regulated medical or chemotherapeutic waste facility.

Cross References

   This subchapter cited in 25 Pa. Code §  284.2 (relating to permits-by-rule for regulated medical or chemotherapeutic waste processing facilities; qualifying facilities; general requirements); and 25 Pa. Code §  284.631 (relating to basic limitations).

GENERAL


§ 284.501. Scope.

 This subchapter sets forth the requirements for a person or municipality that collects and transports regulated medical or chemotherapeutic waste, ash residue from regulated medical or chemotherapeutic waste incineration and processing residue from a regulated medical or chemotherapeutic waste processing facility. The requirements in this chapter are in addition to the applicable requirements in Chapter 271 (relating to municipal waste management—general provisions) and the requirements in § §  285.211—285.219 (relating to general provisions).

Source

   The provisions of this §  284.501 amended November 7, 2014, effective November 8, 2014, 44 Pa.B. 7021. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (273313).

TYPES OF WASTE


§ 284.511. Transportation of ash residue from regulated medical or chemotherapeutic waste incineration.

 (a)  Ash residue from regulated medical or chemotherapeutic waste incineration shall be wetted immediately prior to loading, and shall remain wetted during transportation and unloading at a municipal waste landfill to prevent the dispersal of ash residue.

 (b)  Ash residue from regulated medical or chemotherapeutic waste incineration shall be transported in an enclosed or covered vehicle to prevent dispersal of the residue.

 (c)  A generator’s ash residue from regulated medical or chemotherapeutic waste incineration shall be transported separately from the ash residue of other generators.

 (d)  Municipal waste from a generator may be commingled and transported with the generator’s ash residue from regulated medical and chemotherapeutic waste incineration if the municipal waste and ash residue are being transported separately from the waste of other generators.

Source

   The provisions of this §  284.511 amended November 7, 2014, effective November 8, 2014, 44 Pa.B. 7021. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (273314).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  284.321 (relating to regulated medical waste monitoring requirements).

§ 284.512. Transportation of regulated medical and chemotherapeutic waste; general provisions.

 (a)  General. This section sets forth general requirements for a person or municipality that transports regulated medical or chemotherapeutic waste. Section 284.513 (relating to transportation of regulated medical and chemotherapeutic waste; additional provisions) sets forth additional provisions relating to the transportation of the waste.

 (b)  Manner of transportation. Regulated medical and chemotherapeutic waste shall be transported in a manner that:

   (1)  Maintains the integrity of the containers, prevents the leakage or release of waste from the containers and provides protection from water, rain and wind.

   (2)  Prevents the spread of infectious or chemotherapeutic agents.

   (3)  Affords protection from animals and does not provide a breeding place or a food source for insects or rodents.

   (4)  Maintains the waste in a nonputrescent state, using refrigeration (‹= 7°C or ‹= 45°F) or freezing (‹= -18°C or ‹= 0°F) when necessary.

   (5)  Prevents odors from emanating from the container.

   (6)  Prevents unauthorized access to the waste.

 (c)  Containers.

   (1)  Regulated medical and chemotherapeutic waste shall be transported in containers that are:

     (i)   Rigid.

     (ii)   Leakproof.

     (iii)   Impervious to moisture.

     (iv)   Sufficient in strength to prevent puncturing, tearing or bursting during transportation.

     (v)   Labeled in accordance with the requirements in §  284.414 (relating to marking of containers), except as provided in §  284.414(b).

   (2)  In addition to the requirements of paragraph (1), used sharps shall be transported in containers that are tightly lidded.

   (3)  In addition to the requirements of paragraph (1), regulated medical waste fluids—quantities greater than 20 cubic centimeters—and chemotherapeutic waste fluids shall be transported in containers that are:

     (i)   Break resistant.

     (ii)   Tightly lidded or tightly stoppered.

   (4)  Bags meeting the requirements of §  284.413 (relating to storage containers) may be used to meet the requirements of this subsection that containers be leakproof and impervious to moisture.

 (d)  Types of vehicles. Vehicles for transporting regulated medical or chemotherapeutic waste shall be noncompaction type vehicles.

 (e)  Commingling of waste. Separately containerized regulated medical or chemotherapeutic waste may be transported in the same vehicle with containerized municipal waste.

 (f)  Cleaning of vehicles. Load compartments of vehicles holding regulated medical or chemotherapeutic waste for transportation shall be constructed of materials that are impermeable and easily cleaned. Surfaces of vehicles that have been in direct physical contact with regulated medical or chemotherapeutic waste, because of a leak in a bag or container or because of another reason, shall be decontaminated as soon as possible after unloading.

 (g)  Refrigeration. Regulated medical or chemotherapeutic waste may be kept in an unrefrigerated transport vehicle for up to 72 hours provided the waste is not putrescent and does not attract vectors. If the vehicle is refrigerated (‹= 7°C or ‹= 45°F) or maintained at freezing temperatures (‹= -18°C or ‹= 0°F), the in-transit storage period may not exceed 5 days.

 (h)  Chutes. Chutes may not be used by generators, processors or transporters to transfer regulated medical or chemotherapeutic waste at onsite or offsite locations.

Source

   The provisions of this §  284.512 amended November 7, 2014, effective November 8, 2014, 44 Pa.B. 7021. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (273313) to (273315).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  284.724 (relating to transportation limitations); and 25 Pa. Code §  285.201 (relating to scope).

§ 284.513. Transportation of regulated medical and chemotherapeutic waste; additional provisions.

 (a)  This section sets forth additional requirements for the transportation of regulated medical and chemotherapeutic waste. This section does not apply to vehicles used by a generator of less than 220 pounds of regulated medical and chemotherapeutic waste per month for transporting the generator’s own waste.

 (b)  Vehicles or conveyances for transporting regulated medical or chemotherapeutic waste shall be identified on the two sides and back of the cargo compartment with the following:

   (1)  The transporter’s Department-issued regulated medical and chemotherapeutic waste license number, if applicable.

   (2)  A placard or decal containing the phrase ‘‘regulated medical waste’’ or ‘‘chemotherapeutic waste,’’ or both, as applicable, and the universal biohazard symbol that conforms to the design shown in the United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s regulations at 29 CFR 1910.1030(g)(1)(i)(B) (relating to bloodborne pathogens).

   (3)  Until November 8, 2016, the words ‘‘infectious waste’’ or ‘‘regulated medical waste’’ if regulated medical waste is being transported.

   (4)  After November 8, 2016, the words ‘‘regulated medical waste’’ if regulated medical waste is being transported.

 (c)  A vehicle used for transporting regulated medical or chemotherapeutic waste shall contain, in a readily accessible place, a portable decontamination and spill containment unit, including at a minimum the following:

   (1)  An adequate amount of absorbent material.

   (2)  One gallon of EPA-approved disinfectant in an appropriate applicator.

   (3)  Fifty fluorescent orange, orange-red, or red or yellow, or both, plastic bags that meet the requirements of §  284.413 (relating to storage containers). The bags shall be accompanied by seals and appropriate labels, and shall be large enough to overpack any container normally transported in the vehicle.

   (4)  Two sets of protective overalls, gloves, boots, caps, goggles and masks. The protective garments shall be oversized or fitted for the vehicle operators.

   (5)  A first aid kit, boundary marking tape and other appropriate safety equipment.

 (d)  The cargo area of vehicles used for transporting regulated medical or chemotherapeutic waste that has not been in direct physical contact with regulated medical or chemotherapeutic waste shall be cleaned weekly. Drainage from the cleaning shall be discharged directly or through a holding tank to a sanitary sewer system or treatment facility.

Source

   The provisions of this §  284.513 amended November 7, 2014, effective November 8, 2014, 44 Pa.B. 7021. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (273316) to (273317).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  284.414 (relating to marking of containers); and 25 Pa. Code §  284.512 (relating to transportation of regulated medical and chemotherapeutic waste; general provisions).

§ 284.514. Transportation of processing residue from a regulated medical or chemotherapeutic waste facility.

 (a)  Processing residue from a regulated medical or chemotherapeutic waste facility shall be transported in an enclosed or covered vehicle to prevent dispersal of the residue.

 (b)  A transporter shall transport processing residue from regulated medical or chemotherapeutic waste for each generator separately from other generators.

 (c)  A transporter may transport processing residue from regulated medical or chemotherapeutic waste that is commingled with other municipal waste if the commingled waste is from one generator and the waste is transported separately from another generator’s waste.

Source

   The provisions of this §  284.514 amended November 7, 2014, effective November 8, 2014, 44 Pa.B. 7021. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (273317).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  284.321 (relating to regulated medical waste monitoring requirements).



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