Pennsylvania Code & Bulletin

• No statutes or acts will be found at this website.

The Pennsylvania Code website reflects the Pennsylvania Code changes effective through 52 Pa.B. 7348 (November 26, 2022).

28 Pa. Code § 18.1. Definitions.


§ 18.1. Definitions.

 The following words and terms, when used in this chapter, have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

   Air gap—The unobstructed vertical distance through the free atmosphere between the lowest opening from a pipe or faucet supplying water to a tank, plumbing fixture or other device and the flood level rim of the receptacle.

   Backflow—The flow of water or other liquids, mixtures or substances into the distributing pipes of a potable supply of water from a source other than the approved source.

   Bather—A person using a recreational swimming establishment in the water or adjoining deck area for the purpose of swimming, water sports or other recreational activity.

   Bather load—The total number of bathers in a recreational swimming establishment.

   Bathing beach—A body of natural water, impounded or flowing, of a size in relation to the bathing load that the quality and quantity, confined or flowing, need be neither mechanically controlled for the purpose of purification nor contained in an impervious structure.

   Certified lifeguard—An individual who has a current certificate in lifeguarding, issued by a lifeguard certifying authority, as recognized by the Department of Health in a notice published yearly in the Pennsylvania Bulletin.

   Cross connection—A physical connection or arrangement between two otherwise separate piping systems, one of which contains potable water and the other steam, gas, a chemical or water of unknown or questionable safety, whereby there may be a flow from one system to the other, the direction depending on the pressure differential between the two systems.

   Department—The Department of Health of the Commonwealth.

   Garbage—Putrescible wastes, except sewage and body waste, including animal and vegetable offal.

   Local health department—Each county department of health under the Local Health Administration Law (16 P. S. § §  12001—12028), and each department of health in a municipality approved for a Commonwealth grant to provide local health services under section 25 of the Local Health Administration Law (16 P. S. §  12025).

   Maximum bather load—The maximum number of bathers that the recreational swimming establishment is designed to accommodate, as defined in the plans and specifications submitted as part of the permit application using the guidelines set forth in the Department’s publication, Public Bathing Place Manual.

   National Electrical Code—The National Electrical Code published by the National Fire Protection Association, 470 Atlantic Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02210.

   Person—An individual, partnership, corporation, association, municipality, county, authority, the Commonwealth or other private or public entity.

   Public bathing place—An outdoor or indoor place used for amateur, professional or recreative swimming or bathing whether or not a fee is charged for admission or for the use of the place, exclusive of a bathing place at a private, single-family residence which is used solely by the owner of the residence, his family and their personal guests.

   Recreational swimming establishment—A facility that is designed, constructed or designated for use by individuals for the primary purpose of swimming, if a fee is charged for admission.

     (i)   The term includes swimming pools, water rides, wave pools and swimming beaches and other outdoor swimming facilities.

     (ii)   The term excludes those facilities owned by condominiums, other property owner associations, rental arrangements that include three or more families or social units, hotels or motels, campgrounds, private clubs and private organizations which do not provide access to the general public, swimming facilities used exclusively for hydrotherapy and residential swimming facilities used solely by the owner of a residence, the owner’s family and personal guests.

   Refuse—Nonputrescible wastes generally regarded and classified as rubbish, trash, junk and similar designations which have been rejected by the owner or possessor thereof as useless or worthless to him.

   Rope and float line—A continuous line, at least 1/4 inch in diameter, that is supported by buoys and attached to opposite sides of a swimming pool.

   Sewage—A substance which contains the waste products or excrements or other discharges from the bodies of human beings or animals and a noxious or deleterious substance being harmful or inimical to the public health, or to animal or aquatic life, or to the use of water for domestic water supply or for recreation.

   Sewerage system—A community or individual system, whether publicly or privately owned, for the collection and disposal of sewage or industrial wastes of a liquid nature, including various devices for the treatment of sewage or industrial wastes.

   Source—A well, spring, cistern, infiltration gallery, stream, reservoir, pond or lake from which, by any means, water is taken either intermittently or continuously for use by the public.

   Swimming pool—A body of water of a size in relation to the bathing load that the quality and quantity of the water confined must be mechanically controlled for the purpose of purification and contained in an impervious structure.

   Turnover period—The number of hours required to completely replenish the water in a pool, or recirculate a quantity of water equal to the capacity of the pool.

   Wading pool—A body of water designed for use by children which is not deeper than 3 feet and of a size in relation to the bathing load that the quality and quantity of the water confined must be mechanically controlled for the purpose of purification and contained in an impervious structure.

   Waters of this Commonwealth—Rivers, streams, creeks, rivulets, lakes, dammed water, ponds, springs and other bodies of surface and underground water, or parts thereof, whether natural or artificial, within or on the boundaries of this Commonwealth.

   Water supply—A source or sources of water, as well as, water treatment, storage, transmission and distribution facilities.


   The provisions of this § 18.1 amended under the Public Bathing Law (35 P. S. § §  672—680d); the Local Health Administration Law (16 P. S. § §  12001—12028); and section 1920-A of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P. S. §  510-20).


   The provisions of this §  18.1 adopted September 18, 1971, effective September 18, 1971, 1 Pa.B. 1921; amended November 29, 1974, effective December 16, 1974, 4 Pa.B. 2453; amended April 29, 1977, effective May 16, 1977, 7 Pa.B. 1172; amended July 16, 2004, effective July 17, 2004, 34 Pa.B. 3695; amended December 30, 2004, effective January 1, 2005, 35 Pa.B. 14. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (304621) to (304623).

No part of the information on this site may be reproduced for profit or sold for profit.

This material has been drawn directly from the official Pennsylvania Code full text database. Due to the limitations of HTML or differences in display capabilities of different browsers, this version may differ slightly from the official printed version.