Pennsylvania Code & Bulletin
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA

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The Pennsylvania Code website reflects the Pennsylvania Code changes effective through 50 Pa.B. 1334 (February 29, 2020).

55 Pa. Code § 6211.79. Depreciation allowance.

§ 6211.79. Depreciation allowance.

 (a)  Depreciation on capital assets used to provide compensable services to medical assistance clients, including assets for normal, standby or emergency use, and specialized equipment such as wheelchairs, is allowable.

 (b)  Except as specified in subsections (c) and (d), a facility will be reimbursed for allowable depreciation costs only if the facility is the recorded holder of legal title.

 (c)  Facilities that participated in the MA Program prior to July 1, 1984, that are not part of a related organization and that are not the recorded holder of legal title to the facility, are considered to meet the recorded holder of legal title requirement and will be reimbursed for allowable depreciation on a particular project, if, at the time services were rendered, the following existed:

   (1)  The particular project was primarily funded through an Industrial Development Authority bond issue, or tax exempt funding sources established under State statute.

   (2)  The facility provided the Department with all documents relating to the ownership and financial obligations relating to the facility.

   (3)  The facility met the standards of HIM-15, Section 110-B, with respect to virtual purchases.

 (d)  Facilities that participated in the MA Program prior to July 1, 1984, that are part of a related organization and that are not the recorded holder of legal title to the facility, are considered to meet the recorded holder of legal title requirement and will be reimbursed for allowable depreciation on a particular project, if, at the time services were rendered, the following existed:

   (1)  The particular project was primarily funded through an Industrial Development Authority bond issue, or tax exempt funding sources established under State statute.

   (2)  The facility was a related organization to a corporation, person, or company which, if it operated the facility, could qualify for reimbursement for allowable depreciation costs under subsection (c).

   (3)  Documentation necessary to substantiate that the facility meets the requirements of subsection (c) and documentation and statement of the fact that the two entities are related organizations were supplied to the Department.

   (4)  The related organization agreed in writing as required by the Department that it and its successors will be responsible for any overpayment that the Department is unable to collect directly from the facility.

 (e)  The straight-line method of depreciation shall be used. Accelerated methods of depreciation are not acceptable. The amount of annual depreciation shall be determined by first reducing the cost of the asset by any salvage value and then dividing by the number of years of useful life of the asset. The useful life may be shorter than the physical life depending upon the usefulness of the particular asset to the provider. A useful life may not be less than the relevant useful life published by the Internal Revenue Service or the Uniform Chart of Accounts and Definitions for Hospitals published by the American Hospital Association for the particular asset on which the depreciation is claimed. However, the accelerated cost recovery system under section 168(c) of the Internal Revenue Code (26 U.S.C.A. §  168(c)) and any other accelerated filing system will not be permitted.

 (f)  Depreciation expense for the year of acquisition and the year of disposal is computed by using either the half-year or actual time method of accounting. The number of months of depreciation expense may not exceed the number of months that the asset was in service. If the first year of operation is less than 12 months, depreciation is allowed only for the actual number of months in the first year of operation.

 (g)  The method and procedure, including the assigned useful lives, for computing depreciation shall be applied from year-to-year on a consistent basis from the date of the facility’s first filed cost report after July 1, 1975, and may not be changed, even if the facility is purchased as an ongoing operation.

 (h)  Assets shall be recorded at cost. Donated assets shall be recorded at the current appraisal value or the lower of the following if available: the construction cost, the original purchase price or the donor’s original purchase price. Costs incurred during the construction of an asset, such as architectural, consulting and legal fees, interest, and fund raising shall be capitalized as part of the cost of the asset. If an asset is acquired by a trade-in, the cost of the new asset is the sum of the book value of the old asset and any cash or issuance of debt as consideration paid.

 (i)  Facilities that previously did not maintain fixed asset records and did not record depreciation in prior years shall be entitled to any straight-line depreciation of the remaining useful life of the asset. The depreciation shall be based on the cost of the asset at the time of original purchase or construction. Depreciation may not be taken on an asset that would have been fully depreciated if it had been properly recorded at the time of acquisition.

 (j)  Depreciation on facilities that have no fixed asset records and are sold will be recognized to the extent to which the prior owner would have been entitled to depreciation.

 (k)  Leasehold improvements shall be depreciated over the useful life of the asset.

 (l)  Gains on the sale of fixed and movable assets are considered to be equal to the salvage value which shall be established prior to the sale of the item. Gains on the sale of fixed and movable assets shall offset allowable costs for the period in which the gain was realized, but the offset may not exceed the amount of the facility’s total depreciation expense for the last 12 months prior to the date that the asset was either sold, retired from service, or otherwise permanently taken out of services. If the amount of the offset is greater than the total allowable cost for the period in which the gain was realized, the difference shall be refunded to the Department. Losses incurred on the sale or disposal of fixed or movable assets will not be reimbursed under the program.

 (m)  The cost basis for depreciable assets is determined as follows:

   (1)  Except as provided otherwise in this section, the cost basis of the depreciable assets of a facility that are acquired as used, shall be computed by the following method:

     (i)   The lower of the purchase price or the fair market value shall be established at the time of sale based on the lowest of two or more bona fide appraisals at the time of sale.

     (ii)   Depreciation that was taken or could have been taken by all prior owners shall be subtracted.

     (iii)   Subsections (r) and (s) will establish the Department’s extent of participation in the payment of allowable depreciation.

   (2)  The cost basis for depreciable assets of a facility transferred between related parties shall be the net book value of the seller at the date of the transfer as recognized under this subchapter.

   (3)  The cost basis for depreciable assets of a facility acquired through stock purchase will remain unchanged from the cost basis of the previous owner.

   (4)  The cost basis for depreciable assets of a facility purchased in types of transactions other than those specified in paragraphs (1)—(3) and (5) may not exceed the seller’s basis under this subchapter, less all depreciation that was taken or could have been taken by all prior owners.

   (5)  The cost basis for depreciation on any asset the ownership of which changes on or after July 18, 1984, shall be the lesser of the remaining allowable cost basis of the asset to the first owner of record on or after July 18, 1984, or the allowable cost basis to the new owner; however, the cost basis shall exclude costs, including legal fees, accounting and administrative costs, travel costs, or the cost of feasibility studies, attributable to the negotiation or settlement of the sale or purchase (by acquisition or merger) for which payment was previously made under Title XIX of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C.A. § §  1396—1396u). This paragraph does not apply to changes in ownership under an enforceable agreement entered into prior to July 18, 1984.

 (n)  The reasonable cost of depreciation will be recognized for the construction and renovation of buildings to meet applicable Federal, State or local laws and building codes for intermediate care facilities for individuals with an intellectual disability. Costs are allowable if the facility has either a certificate of need or a letter of nonreviewability for the project from the Department of Health under subsection (r)(1) and (2). In accordance with Federal and State regulations, the facility shall submit to the Department the certificate of need or letter of nonreviewability, as appropriate, or the provider will not receive reimbursement for interest on capital indebtedness, depreciation and operating expenses.

 (o)  If the purchase of a facility or improvements to the facility are financed by tax exempt bonds, the acquired property, plant or equipment shall be capitalized and depreciated over the life of the assets. The acquired property, plant or equipment are the only items that may be capitalized. If the principal amount of the bond issue was expended in whole or in part on capital assets that fail to meet the requirements of the subsections (m) and (n) regarding eligibility for depreciation, the includable depreciation will be proportionately reduced.

 (p)  The fixed asset records shall include all of the following:

   (1)  The depreciation method used.

   (2)  A description of the asset.

   (3)  The date the asset was acquired.

   (4)  The cost of the asset.

   (5)  The salvage value of the asset.

   (6)  The depreciation cost.

   (7)  The estimated useful life of the asset.

   (8)  The depreciation for the year.

   (9)  The accumulated depreciation.

 (q)  Effective July 1, 1984, for non-State ICF/ID providers, the funding of depreciation is recommended so that funds may be available for the acquisition and future replacement of assets by the facility. To qualify for treatment as a funded depreciation account, the funds shall be clearly designated in the provider’s records as funded depreciation accounts and shall be maintained in accordance with the provisions of HIM-15.

 (r)  The Department will recognize depreciation as an allowable cost subject to the following conditions:

   (1)  Depreciation on new or additional beds is an allowable cost only if both of the following apply:

     (i)   The facility was issued either a Section 1122 approval or letter of nonreviewability in accordance with 28 Pa. Code Chapter 301 (relating to limitation on Federal participation for capital expenditures) or a certificate of need or letter of nonreviewability in accordance with 28 Pa. Code Chapter 401 (relating to certificate of need program) for the project by the Department of Health.

     (ii)   The facility substantially implements the project as defined at 28 Pa. Code §  401.5(j)(2) (relating to certificate of need) within the effective period of the original Section 1122 approval or the original certificate of need.

   (2)  Depreciation on replacement beds is allowable only if the facility was issued a certificate of need or a letter of nonreviewability for the project by the Department of Health.

 (s)  After July 1, 1984, allowable depreciation and interest costs for new, renovated, or purchased facilities shall be held to a per bed limitation based on construction standards obtained from published standards.

   (1)  For facilities governed by the Institutional Occupancy Section of the National Fire Protection Association’s Life Safety Code, depreciation costs are limited to a maximum cost per bed based upon the ‘‘Repair and Remodel Quarterly’’ published by Marshall and Swift, Post Office Box 26307, Los Angeles, California, 90026-9954, current at the time of construction or acquisition, except as limited by other provisions of this chapter.

   (2)  For facilities governed by the Lodging and Rooming Houses Section of the National Fire Protection Association Life Safety Code, depreciation costs are limited to a maximum cost per bed based upon the Marshall Valuation for Single Family Residences—Type D, published by Marshall and Swift, Post Office Box 26307, Los Angeles, California 90026-0307, current at the time of construction or acquisition, except as limited by other provisions of this subchapter.

 (t)  Depreciation cost is not allowable for assets expensed under another State or Federal funding stream.

Authority

   The provisions of this §  6211.79 amended under sections 201(2) and 443.1(2) and (3) of the Human Services Code (62 P.S. § §  201(2) and 443.1(2) and (3)).

Source

   The provisions of this §  6211.79 amended June 17, 2016, effective June 18, 2016, 46 Pa.B. 3177. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (361423) to (361427).

Cross References

   This section cited in 55 Pa. Code §  1181.259a (relating to elimination of funded depreciation—statement of policy); 55 Pa. Code §  6211.80 (relating to elimination of funded depreciation requirement—statement of policy); 55 Pa. Code §  6211.81 (relating to interest); 55 Pa. Code §  6211.88 (relating to start-up costs); and 55 Pa. Code §  6211.101 (relating to costs that are not allowable).



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