Pennsylvania Code & Bulletin
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA

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61 Pa. Code § 91.165. Reservations or conveyances of life estates.

§ 91.165. Reservations or conveyances of life estates.

 (a)  The value of a life estate or remainder interest in real estate will be the consideration paid or to be paid for the life estate or remainder interest except as provided for in subsection (b) or (c).

 (b)  When no or nominal consideration or consideration less than actual monetary worth is paid for a life estate or remainder interest in real estate, life estate and remainder factors as provided in subsection (d) are multiplied by the real estate’s computed value in order to calculate the value of a life estate or remainder interest.

 (c)  When consideration that is paid or to be paid for the conveyance of real estate or the computed value of real estate must be apportioned to calculate the taxable value of a life estate or remainder interest that is part of the conveyance, the life estate and remainder factors as provided in subsection (d) are multiplied by the consideration paid or to be paid for the conveyance of the real estate or the computed value in order to calculate the value of the life estate or remainder interest.

 (d)  The Department will publish by notice in the Pennsylvania Bulletin life estate and remainder factors and their effective date to be used for the calculation of the taxable value of a life estate and remainder interest in real estate.

   (1)  Formula. The factors will be based upon tables published by the Internal Revenue Service for calculating the present worth of a life estate and remainder interest. The Department will use the factors contained in the Internal Revenue Service Table using an interest rate equal to the average interest rate for the 36 consecutive months prior to the publication of the factors in the Pennsylvania Bulletin.

   (2)  Updates. The Department will update the factors periodically as needed to account for changes in mortality and interest rates.

 Example 1: In an arm’s length transaction for actual monetary worth, L conveys a life estate interest (or remainder interest, as the case may be) in real estate to T for $50,000. The taxable value of the life estate is the consideration paid, that is $50,000.

 Example 2: L conveys a life estate interest in real estate to T for less than actual monetary worth. L reserves the remainder interest for himself. The computed value of the entire real estate is $100,000. T is 50 years old. The taxable value of T’s life estate interest is the computed value of the entire real estate multiplied by the life estate factor based upon T’s age.

 Example 3: L conveys a remainder interest in real estate to T for less than actual monetary worth. L retains a life estate interest in the real estate. The computed value of the entire real estate is $100,000. L is 50 years old. The taxable value of T’s remainder interest is the computed value of the entire real estate multiplied by the remainder factor based upon L’s age.

 Example 4: X sells real estate to X’s friends Y and Z. The sale consists of a life estate to Y and the remainder to Z. Y is 60 years old, and Z is 45 years old. X sells the real estate to Y and Z for a total, arm’s length purchase price of $100,000, but the agreement of sale does not apportion the purchase price between the price to be paid for the life estate and the remainder interest. To calculate the taxable value of the life estate and remainder interest, the life estate and remainder factors based upon Y’s age are multiplied by the total purchase price.

Authority

   The provisions of this §  91.165 issued under section 1107-C of the Tax Reform Code of 1971 (72 P. S. §  8107-C).

Source

   The provisions of this §  91.165 adopted September 9, 1988, effective September 10, 1988, 18 Pa.B. 4096; amended December 14, 2007, effective December 15, 2007, 37 Pa.B. 6516. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (233371) to (233373).



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