Rule 806. Attacking and Supporting the Declarants Credibility.
When a hearsay statement has been admitted in evidence, the declarants credibility may be attacked, and then supported, by any evidence that would be admissible for those purposes if the declarant had testified as a witness. The court may admit evidence of the declarants inconsistent statement or conduct, regardless of when it occurred or whether the declarant had an opportunity to explain or deny it. If the party against whom the statement was admitted calls the declarant as a witness, the party may examine the declarant on the statement as if on cross-examination.
Pa.R.E. 806 differs from F.R.E. 806 in that Pa.R.E. 806 makes no reference to Rule 801(d)(2). The subject matter of F.R.E. 801(d)(2) (an opposing partys statement) is covered by Pa.R.E. 803(25). The change is not substantive. Pa.R.E. 806 is consistent with Pennsylvania law. See Commonwealth v. Davis, 363 Pa. Super. 562, 526 A.2d 1205 (1987).
The requirement that a witness be given an opportunity to explain or deny the making of an inconsistent statement provided by Pa.R.E. 613(b)(2) is not applicable when the prior inconsistent statement is offered to impeach a statement admitted under an exception to the hearsay rule. In most cases, the declarant will not be on the stand at the time when the hearsay statement is offered and for that reason the requirement of Pa.R.E. 613(b)(2) is not appropriate.
Adopted May 8, 1998, effective October 1, 1998; rescinded and replaced January 17, 2013, effective March 18, 2013.
Committee Explanatory Reports:
Final Report explaining the January 17, 2013 amendments published with the Courts Order at 43 Pa.B. 651 (February 2, 2013).
The provisions of this Rule 806 rescinded and replaced January 17, 2013, effective in sixty days, 43 Pa.B. 620. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (808928) to (308929).
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