Pennsylvania Code & Bulletin
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA

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7 Pa. Code § 28a.1. Definitions.

GENERAL PROVISIONS


§ 28a.1. Definitions.

 The following words and terms, when used in this chapter have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicated otherwise.

   ANSI/U.L. Standard 2034 and IAS 6-96—Independent laboratory testing standards for carbon monoxide detectors.

   CFM—Cubic Feet per Minute—A measurement of the flow of a gas or liquid that indicates how much volume in cubic feet pass by a stationary point in one minute.

   Circulation or circulated air—The air that is mixed within a room and typically provides heating and cooling.

   Commercial kennel—A kennel that breeds or whelps dogs and does one of the following:

     (i)   Sells or transfers any dog to a dealer or pet shop kennel.

     (ii)   Sells or transfers more than 60 dogs per calendar year.

   Diurnal light cycle—The daily lighting cycle provided by artificial or natural light, or both, which shall be 12 hours of light and 12 hours without light. The 12 hours of light shall coincide with and be provided during normal daylight hours.

   Excessive light—Direct, undiffused light from either the sun or artificial light, such as from a lighting fixture of an intensity that is 12 foot candles or more greater than the maximum foot candles of light required by this chapter, which is placed or directed in a manner such that the light is allowed to or is shining directly into a primary enclosure of a dog.

   Fresh air ventilation—That portion of circulated air that is from the outdoors.

   Full-spectrum lighting

     (i)   Full-spectrum light is light that covers the electromagnetic spectrum from infrared through near-ultraviolet, or all wavelengths that are useful to plant or animal life; in particular, sunlight is considered full spectrum, even though the solar spectral distribution reaching Earth changes with time of day, latitude, and atmospheric conditions.

     (ii)   When applied to an electrical light bulb the term implies the product emulates natural light.

   Heat Index (HI) or Temperature and Humidity Index (THI)—An index, published by the United States National Weather Service, that combines air temperature and relative humidity to determine the human-perceived equivalent temperature. Heat Index values are calculated based on temperature measurements taken in the shade. Exposure to full sunshine can increase index values by up to 15° Fahrenheit and strong winds carrying very hot, dry air will add heat to the body. (United States National Weather Service).

   Mechanical ventilation—Ventilation produced by operation of a machine. So long as its operation results in compliance with the standards established in this chapter, a mechanical ventilation system may range from very basic, such as an exhaust fan, to more sophisticated systems such as a HVAC system with temperature and humidity controls.

   Primary enclosure

     (i)   The primary structure that restricts a dog’s ability to move in a limited amount of space, such as a room, cage or compartment.

     (ii)   The term does not include a run described in section 207(i)(6) of the act (3 P. S. §  459-207(i)(6)).

   Professional engineer

     (i)   An individual licensed and registered under the Engineer, Land Surveyor and Geologist Registration Law (63 P. S. § §  148—158.2) or a successor statute to engage in the practice of engineering.

     (ii)   The term does not include a person who is exempt from licensure and registration under section 5(b) of the Engineer, Land Surveyor and Geologist Registration Law (63 P. S. §  152(b)).

   Ventilation or ventilating—The process of ‘‘changing’’ or replacing air in any space to control temperature and humidity or remove moisture, odors, smoke, heat, dust, airborne bacteria, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and to replenish oxygen. Ventilation includes both the exchange of air to the outside as well as circulation of air within the building. Ventilation is used to remove unpleasant smells and excessive moisture, introduce outside air and to keep interior building air circulating, to prevent stagnation of the interior air.



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