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The Pennsylvania Code website reflects the Pennsylvania Code changes effective through 52 Pa.B. 3204 (May 28, 2022).

25 Pa. Code § 109.709. Cross-connection control program.

§ 109.709. Cross-connection control program.

 (a)  No person may introduce contaminants into a public water supply through a service connection of a public water system.

   (1)  It shall be the responsibility of the customer to eliminate cross-connections or provide backflow devices to prevent contamination of the distribution system from both backsiphonage and backpressure. Individual backflow preventors shall be acceptable to the public water supplier.

   (2)  If the customer fails to comply with paragraph (1) within a reasonable period of time, the water supplier shall discontinue service after reasonable notice has been made to the customer.

 (b)  At the direction of the Department, the public water supplier shall develop and implement a comprehensive control program for the elimination of existing cross-connections or the effective containment of sources of contaminations, and prevention of future cross-connections. A description of the program, including the following information, shall be submitted to the Department for approval:

   (1)  A description of the methods and procedures to be used.

   (2)  An implementation schedule for the program.

   (3)  Legal authority for implementation of the program, such as, by ordinance or rules.

   (4)  A time schedule for inspection of nonresidential customers’ premises for cross-connections with appropriate recordkeeping.

   (5)  A public education program for residential customers.

   (6)  A description of the methods and devices which will be used to protect the water system.

   (7)  A program for the review of plans for new users to assure that no new cross-connections are developed.

   (8)  Provisions for discontinuance of water service, after reasonable notice, to premises where cross-connections exist.


   The provisions of this §  109.709 adopted December 7, 1984, effective December 8, 1984, 14 Pa.B. 4479.

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