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Pennsylvania Code



Subchapter B. PERMIT REQUIREMENTS


Sec.


72.21.    General.
72.22.    Permit issuance.
72.23.    Limitation on onlot system permit issuance.
72.24.    Applications for permits.
72.25.    Issuance of permits.
72.26.    Denial of permits.
72.27.    Expiration and transfer of permits.
72.28.    Revocation of permits.
72.29.    Review of denials and revocations.
72.30.    Inspection.
72.31.    Conditions related to the installation of permit exempt systems.
72.32.    Sales contracts.
72.33.    Well isolation distance exemption.

Cross References

   This subchapter cited in 25 Pa. Code §  72.2 (relating to scope); and 25 Pa. Code §  72.3 (relating to purposes).

§ 72.21. General.

 (a)  A local agency shall employ or contract with at least one sewage enforcement officer and one alternate sewage enforcement officer who have been certified by the Certification Board under Subchapter D (relating to certification of sewage enforcement officers). References to sewage enforcement officer in this part also apply to alternate sewage enforcement officers.

 (b)  A local agency shall employ an adequate number of sewage enforcement officers or contract with individuals, firms or corporations to adequately perform the services of sewage enforcement officers to administer the applicable provisions of this chapter within the time periods in this chapter and in accordance with this chapter and Chapter 73 (relating to standards for onlot sewage treatment facilities).

 (c)  No local agency may issue a permit for the installation of an individual or community onlot sewage system except by and through a certified sewage enforcement officer employed or contracted by the local agency.

 (d)  The local agency by action of its sewage enforcement officer shall issue a permit for an individual or community onlot sewage system when the proposed system is in compliance with the act and this part.

 (e)  The actions of local agencies include actions of their designated sewage enforcement officers.

 (f)  A property owner proposing a bonded disposal system under §  73.77 (relating to bonded disposal systems) shall bear the cost of activities associated with conducting, observing or confirming percolation tests.

Authority

   The provisions of this §  72.21 amended under sections 7.2 and 9 of the Pennsylvania Sewage Facilities Act (35 P. S. § §  750.7b and 750.9); The Clean Streams Law (35 P. S. § §  691.1—691.1001); and section 1920-A of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P. S. §  510-20).

Source

   The provisions of this §  72.21 amended November 1, 1996, effective November 2, 1996, 26 Pa.B. 5347; amended November 7, 1997, effective November 8, 1997, 27 Pa.B. 5877. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (221881) to (221882).

§ 72.22. Permit issuance.

 (a)  No person may install, award a contract for construction or construct an individual or community onlot sewage system, or install, construct, occupy or use a building to be served by that system without first obtaining a permit from the local agency, except as provided in subsections (c)—(e).

 (b)  A permit shall be required by the local agency for alterations or connections to an existing individual or community onlot sewage system when the alteration or connection requires the repair, replacement or enlargement of a treatment tank or retention tank, or the repair, replacement, disturbance, modification or enlargement of a soil absorption area or spray field, or the soil within or under the soil absorption area or spray field.

 (c)  Multiple installations of chemical toilets or other portable toilets proposed for temporary use at a construction site, a recreation activity or a temporary facility shall be covered by one permit.

 (d)  A permit is not required for the installation of a recycling toilet, incinerating toilet, composting toilet or other type of water conservation device where the existing onlot system will not be altered.

 (e)  Except when a local agency or municipality requires a permit by ordinance, no permit or official plan revision is required for the installation of an individual onlot sewage system for a residential structure occupied or intended to be occupied by the property owner or a member of the property owner’s immediate family on a contiguous tract of land 10 acres or more if the owner of the property was the owner of record as of January 10, 1987. For the purposes of this subsection, the term ‘‘immediate family’’ means a brother, sister, son, daughter, stepson, stepdaughter, grandson, granddaughter, father or mother of the property owner.

 (f)  The installation of a permit-exempt system under subsection (e) is not required to be approved by or meet the standards of the Department or local agency under their rules and regulations for the siting, design or installation of onlot sewage systems, except for the siting requirements of subsection (g), unless a permit is required by a regulation or ordinance of a local agency or municipality, or the person qualifying for the permit exemption chooses to not use the permit exemption. A permit exemption may also be granted where a 10-acre parcel or lot is subdivided from a parent tract after January 10, 1987. When one permit exemption has been granted for a lot, tract or parcel under this section, any lot, tract or parcel remaining after subdivision of the lot or parcel which received the permit exemption or any lots or parcels subdivided from either lot, tract or parcel in the future will not be eligible for a 10-acre permit exemption and shall meet the planning, permitting, siting and construction standards of the Department relating to onlot sewage systems. Owners of a lot, tract or parcel which otherwise qualified for the permit exemption, who do not choose to use the permit exemption remain exempt from the planning requirements of the act with respect to that lot, tract or parcel.

 (g)  Owners of property qualifying for a permit exemption under subsections (e) and (f) shall install permit-exempt systems in accordance with the following siting requirements.

   (1)  The perimeter of the septic tanks and absorption area shall be located at least 200 feet from the perimeter of any property line, nonutility right-of-way, 100-year floodplain or any river, stream, creek, impoundment, well, watercourse, storm sewer, lake, dammed water, pond, spring, ditch, wetland, water supply or any other body of surface water and 10 feet from any utility right-of-way.

   (2)  Before a person who meets the requirements of subsections (e) and (f) for a permit-exempt system installs a system, the person shall notify the local agency of the installation and shall provide documentation relating to the siting requirement of this subsection which is satisfactory to the local agency. The local agency may charge a fee, not to exceed $25, to verify that the system is located in accordance with the siting requirements.

 (h)  A permit is not required when a new dwelling is proposed to replace a previously existing dwelling when the local agency determines that the size and anticipated use of the new dwelling, as determined under § §  73.16 and 73.17 (relating to requirements for absorption areas; and sewage flows), are the same as or less than those of the previously existing dwelling and the previously existing dwelling was in use within 1 year of the anticipated date of completion of construction of the new dwelling. This exception does not apply when an active investigation of a malfunction is under way by the local agency or the Department.

Authority

   The provisions of this §  72.22 amended under sections 7.2 and 9 of the Pennsylvania Sewage Facilities Act (35 P. S. § §  750.7b and 750.9); The Clean Streams Act (35 P. S. § §  691.1—691.1001); and section 1920-A of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P. S. §  510-20).

Source

   The provisions of this §  72.22 amended November 1, 1996, effective November 2, 1996, 26 Pa.B. 5347; amended November 7, 1997, effective November 8, 1997, 27 Pa.B. 5877; corrected November 21, 1997, 27 Pa.B. 6079. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (221882) to (221883).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  72.22 (relating to permit issuance).

§ 72.23. Limitation on onlot system permit issuance.

 (a)  The local agency may not issue permits for individual or community onlot sewage systems unless the following exist:

   (1)  The proposed system is consistent with the method of sewage disposal contained in the approved official plan, special study or update revision of the municipality in which the system is to be located.

   (2)  The municipality is implementing its official plan, special study or update revision in accordance with a schedule approved by the Department.

   (3)  The municipality has received approval of a revision for new land development or exception to the requirement to revise from the Department, a supplement for new land development has been approved by the delegated agency serving the municipality or the Department or delegated agency has determined that no planning is required under §  71.51(b) (relating to general).

 (b)  Permits may not be issued when the municipality has one or more of the following:

   (1)  No approved official plan.

   (2)  Not received Department approval of an update revision or special study to the official plan.

   (3)  Not implemented its plan as required by this part or by an order of the Department.

 (c)  Permit limitations under this section shall be restricted to those areas of the municipality identified in writing to the municipality by the Department as posing a serious risk to the health, safety and welfare of persons within or adjacent to the municipality because of the municipality’s failure to revise or implement its plan. The limitations shall remain in effect until the municipality has submitted the official plan, update revision or special study to the official plan to, and received the approval of the Department, or has commenced implementation of its plan, update revision or special study in accordance with a schedule approved by the Department.

 (d)  The limitations on permit issuance contained in this section do not apply:

   (1)  To those areas of the municipality where the Department or the local agency finds that a replacement soil absorption area or spray field could be installed on the lot if the original system failed. This determination shall be based on the results of a minimum of two complete soils and site evaluations confirmed by the local agency’s sewage enforcement officer.

   (2)  To those areas of the municipality outside of the areas delineated in an order of the Department as requiring an update revision.

   (3)  To existing subdivisions or sections thereof where the Department or delegated agency finds that either lots or homes in the subdivision or sections thereof have been sold in good faith to a purchaser for value prior to May 15, 1972, and not for the purpose of avoiding the permit limitation provisions of this section. This paragraph does not relieve the municipality of its planning responsibilities as specified in the act.

   (4)  When the Department or the local agency finds it necessary to issue permits for the abatement of pollution or the correction of health hazards, or both.

   (5)  To interim repairs to or the replacement of existing malfunctioning onlot sewage systems.

Authority

   The provisions of this §  72.23 amended under section 9 of the Pennsylvania Sewage Facilities Act (35 P. S. §  750.9); The Clean Streams Law (35 P. S. § §  691.1—691.1001); and section 1920-A of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P. S. §  510-20).

Source

   The provisions of this §  72.23 amended November 7, 1997, effective November 8, 1997, 27 Pa.B. 5877. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (221883).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  71.32 (relating to Department responsibility to review and act upon official plans); and 25 Pa. Code §  71.54 (relating to Department administration of new land development planning requirements for revisions).

§ 72.24. Applications for permits.

 (a)  Application for a permit to install an individual or community onlot sewage system shall be made by the owner, owner in equity or a person who is an authorized agent of the owner or owner in equity to the local agency, on a form provided by the Department. For purposes of this section, an authorized agent shall have written permission to apply for a permit, signed by the owner or owner in equity of the lot for which the application is made.

 (b)  The local agency may require additional information consistent with the act needed to assure that the system or the site will comply with the requirements of the act and this part.

 (c)  The local agency shall maintain and make available for public inspection a permanent record of all permit applications submitted, indicating the date received, type of submission and date of disposition.

Authority

   The provisions of this §  72.24 amended under section 9 of the Pennsylvania Sewage Facilities Act (35 P. S. §  750.9); The Clean Streams Law (35 P. S. § §  691.1—691.1001); and section 1920-A of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P. S. §  510-20).

Source

   The provisions of this §  72.24 amended November 7, 1997, effective November 8, 1997, 27 Pa.B. 5877. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (221884).

§ 72.25. Issuance of permits.

 (a)  A permit shall be issued when the local agency has determined that the application is complete and meets the requirements of the act and this part.

 (b)  The local agency shall issue or deny a permit for a conventional system in writing within 7 days after receiving a complete initial application.

 (c)  If the local agency determines that an initial application is incomplete or that it is unable to verify the information contained in an application, the local agency shall notify the applicant in writing within 7 days of receipt of the application. The notice shall include the reasons why the application is not acceptable. When the required information is received, the local agency shall act upon the application within 15 days.

 (d)  A person desiring to install an experimental onlot sewage system shall submit complete preliminary design plans and specifications to the sewage enforcement officer and the Department for review and comment at least 60 days prior to submitting an application for a permit. The Department will determine if classification as an experimental system is appropriate for the submission and provide review comments within 60 days to the sewage enforcement officer.

 (e)  Applications for alternate system permits submitted to municipalities or local agencies which are not delegated agencies, shall be reviewed for completeness, and, if found to be incomplete, the nature of the deficiency shall be communicated by the municipality or local agency to the applicant in writing within 15 days of receipt of the application.

   (1)  Applications for alternate system permits found to be complete shall be submitted to the Department within 5 days of the determination of completeness by the local agency or authorized representative for the Department’s determination whether the classification as alternate is appropriate for the submission and the Department’s review of comments.

   (2)  Permits for alternate systems shall be issued or denied by the local agency within 45 days of transmittal of a complete application to the Department. The local agency shall consider the written comments submitted by the Department regarding the application.

   (3)  In municipalities or local agencies which are delegated agencies or which employ or contract with sewage enforcement officers authorized to review alternate sewage systems under §  72.43(1) (relating to powers and duties of the Department), permit applications for alternate systems shall be reviewed for completeness, and, if found to be incomplete, the nature of the deficiency shall be communicated to the applicant in writing within 15 days of receipt of the application. Permits for alternate systems shall be issued or denied by the local agency within 30 days of receipt of a complete application.

 (f)  Failure of a local agency to act on an application does not constitute permit approval. If the local agency does not act upon an application within 7 days of receipt, or within 15 days of receipt of supplemental information under subsection (c), the applicant may request a hearing before the local agency.

 (g)  A local agency may not issue individual or community onlot sewage system permits for the following systems; permits for these systems are issued by the Department:

   (1)  A large volume onlot sewage system.

   (2)  Subsurface disposal or other method of disposal of a substance defined as industrial waste under the Clean Streams Law.

   (3)  A method of sewage disposal other than renovation of sewage in a subsurface absorption area, an individual residential spray irrigation system or temporary storage in a retaining tank.

 (h)  Prior to the issuance of a permit for an individual residential spray irrigation system, the local agency shall require documentation that the municipality in which the system is to be located, has taken action to assure compliance of the system with §  73.167 (relating to operation and maintenance of individual residential spray irrigation systems) for the life of the system. The assurance shall be established through one or a combination of the following options which have been established or approved in writing by the municipality:

   (1)  A maintenance agreement between the property owner and an individual, firm or corporation experienced in the operation and maintenance of sewage treatment systems.

   (2)  A maintenance agreement between the property owner and municipality or its designated local agency which establishes the property owner’s responsibility for operating and maintaining the system and the responsibility of the municipality or local agency for oversight of the system.

   (3)  A municipal ordinance which requires individual residential spray irrigation systems to be operated and maintained through a maintenance agreement between the property owner and an individual, firm or corporation experienced in the operation and maintenance of sewage treatment systems.

   (4)  Municipal ownership of the system.

   (5)  Inclusion of the system under a sewage management agency developed in accordance with §  71.73 (relating to sewage management programs for sewage facilities permitted by local agencies) operated by the municipality.

   (6)  A properly chartered association, trust or other private legal entity which is structured to manage the system.

   (7)  Bonding, escrow or other security established prior to the issuance of a permit for an individual residential spray irrigation system and forfeited to the municipality upon notice of continuing noncompliance of the system with the operation and maintenance standards in §  73.167 and monitoring standards in §  72.42(a)(24) (relating to powers and duties of local agencies). The municipality shall use the forfeited security to cover the costs of repair or future operation and maintenance of the system over its design life. The bonding, escrow or other security shall be for an amount up to a maximum of 50% for each of the first 2 years of operation. After 2 years of operation, the bond agreement shall provide for a refund of a portion of the original bond so that only 10% of the cost of equipment and installation is retained by the bondholder. The remaining bond totalling 10% of the cost of equipment and installation shall be maintained for the life of the system.

 (i)  When a local agency has issued a permit under this section and the Department disagrees with the basis for the issuance of the permit, the Department will not require the revocation of that permit unless the Department has provided to the local agency justification for its decision based on the specific provisions of statute or regulation.

Authority

   The provisions of this §  72.25 amended under section 9 of the Pennsylvania Sewage Facilities Act (35 P. S. §  750.9); The Clean Streams Law (35 P. S. § §  691.1—691.1001); and section 1920-A of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P. S. §  510-20).

Source

   The provisions of this §  72.25 amended November 7, 1997, effective November 8, 1997, 27 Pa.B. 5877. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (221884) to (221885).

Notes of Decisions

   Incomplete Application

   Since the Department had already addressed the township supervisor’s concerns when it granted an exception to the sewage permit ban for the appellant’s lot, the supervisors lacked authority to require that appellant’s test for backup sewage facility sites before considering their application. Otte v. Covington Township Supervisors, 613 A.2d 183 (Pa. Cmwlth. 1992); appeal granted 629 A.2d 1385 (Pa. 1993); affirmed 650 A.2d 412 (Pa. 1994).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  71.62 (relating to individual and community onlot sewage systems); and 25 Pa. Code §  73.167 (relating to operation and maintenance).

§ 72.26. Denial of permits.

 (a)  Notice of denial of a permit shall be in writing to the applicant and shall include the reasons for denial and advise the applicant of the right to a hearing before the local agency. The local agency shall provide the Department with a copy of the notice of denial within 7 days of issuance.

 (b)  The sewage enforcement officer shall accept prior testing data and information obtained by a previous sewage enforcement officer, provided that the site and prior testing is certified by the previous sewage enforcement officer and meets all of the criteria contained in paragraphs (1)—(10) and the current sewage enforcement officer certifies the data to the local agency using a ‘‘Verification of Prior Testing’’ Form provided by the Department. There shall be a presumption that, unless the prior sewage enforcement officer’s certification has been revoked or suspended by the Department or the prior sewage enforcement officer’s certification has been voluntarily surrendered to the Department or Certification Board, the testing data and information obtained by the prior sewage enforcement officer is valid unless the currently employed sewage enforcement officer finds that one or more of the criteria in the following paragraphs are not met:

   (1)  The soil testing performed on the property in question has not been cited in a revocation, suspension or other agreement to surrender certification which indicates violations of soil testing procedures by the previous sewage enforcement officer.

   (2)  The exact location of the test to be used for issuance of a permit shall be verifiable by at least one of the following methods:

     (i)   Location of the test pit and percolation hole remnants on the lot by the current sewage enforcement officer.

     (ii)   The existence of recorded measurements from at least two permanent landmarks on the property in question establishing the original test location.

     (iii)   A scale drawing of the lot or property in question indicating the location of the tests by reference to at least two permanent landmarks.

     (iv)   Identification of the exact location of the tests by the prior sewage enforcement officer, provided that the certification has not been revoked, suspended or voluntarily surrendered to the Department or Certification Board.

   (3)  Verification that the percolation test and soils evaluation were conducted in accordance with the applicable regulations.

   (4)  Soils description and percolation test data are available and recorded on the prescribed form, or its equivalent, in sufficient quantity and quality to be interpreted by others.

   (5)  The soil probes were conducted within 10 feet of the proposed absorption area.

   (6)  The percolation test on the lot was performed on the site of the proposed absorption area.

   (7)  The person who originally observed, confirmed or conducted the testing was certified under the current certification requirements of the act.

   (8)  No inaccuracies or falsifications of the test data are apparent or identifiable.

   (9)  No changes to the site have occurred since the time of the original testing which will materially affect the siting or operation of an individual or community onlot sewage disposal system.

   (10)  Receipt of a notarized statement from the property owner which indemnifies and holds harmless the new sewage enforcement officer, municipality and local agency for the actions of the new sewage enforcement officer in verifying the prior testing data and information obtained by a previous sewage enforcement officer.

 (c)  If, after conducting a verification of prior testing under subsection (b), the currently employed sewage enforcement officer denies an application for a permit or rejects the previous tests performed within the immediately preceding 6 years, retesting and reapplication fees shall be waived to the applicant and the local agency shall pay for any equipment and operators required for a retest and for any necessary redesign of the system if:

   (1)  The tests were certified by signature of a sewage enforcement officer.

   (2)  Local agency records document that the sewage enforcement officer who certified the tests was employed or under contract with the local agency at the time the testing was conducted and certified.

   (3)  The testing documents soils and site suitability for onlot sewage disposal.

 (d)  Subsection (c) does not apply if the local agency documents that one of the following exists:

   (1)  Changes have occurred in the physical condition of lands which will materially affect the siting or operation of an individual or community onlot sewage disposal system covered by a permit as verified by the sewage enforcement officer conducting the testing in accordance with the criteria outlined in subsection (b).

   (2)  The original soils testing was performed by a sewage enforcement officer whose certification was one of the following:

     (i)   Revoked by the Department and any subsequent appeal denied.

     (ii)   Voluntarily surrendered to avoid prosecution or a hearing.

     (iii)   Suspended by the Department for violations related to the siting, design or installation inspection of onlot systems.

   (3)  The soils testing and redesign required by the new sewage enforcement officer has been conducted by the local agency using its staff and equipment or contracted services.

   (4)  The testing under review was conducted more than 6 years prior to the date of the submittal of a permit application for the lot in question.

 (e)  A person aggrieved by the action of a sewage enforcement officer in the issuance or denial of a permit, or another action taken under section 7 of the act (35 P. S. §  750.7) other than a permit revocation, may within 30 days of receipt of notice of the action, file a request for a hearing before the local agency. The request shall be in writing.

Authority

   The provisions of this §  72.26 amended under section 9 of the Pennsylvania Sewage Facilities Act (35 P. S. §  750.9); The Clean Streams Law (35 P. S. § §  691.1—691.1001); and section 1920-A of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P. S. §  510-20).

Source

   The provisions of this §  72.26 amended November 7, 1997, effective November 8, 1997, 27 Pa.B. 5877. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (221885).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  72.27 (relating to expiration and transfer of permits); and 25 Pa. Code §  72.41 (relating to powers and duties of sewage enforcement officers).

§ 72.27. Expiration and transfer of permits.

 (a)  A permit shall expire if construction or installation of an individual or community onlot sewage system and the structure for which the system is to be installed has not begun within 3 years after permit issuance. A new permit shall be obtained prior to beginning the construction or installation. When issuing a new permit the local agency may require information necessary to confirm the validity of the original application as provided by §  72.26(b) (relating to denial of permits).

 (b)  A permit may be transferred from the permit holder to a new property owner with the transfer of the property. Transfers are not valid until approved in writing by the local agency, and until new property owners receive a copy of the application under which the permit was issued.

Authority

   The provisions of this §  72.27 amended under sections 7.2 and 9 of the Pennsylvania Sewage Facilities Act (35 P. S. § §  750.7b and 750.9); The Clean Streams Act (35 P. S. § §  691.1—691.1001); and section 1920-A of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P. S. §  510-20).

Source

   The provisions of this §  72.27 amended November 1, 1996, effective November 2, 1996, 26 Pa.B. 5347; amended November 7, 1997, effective November 8, 1997, 27 Pa.B. 5877. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (221885).

§ 72.28. Revocation of permits.

 (a)  A permit shall be revoked by the local agency at any time for one or more of the following reasons:

   (1)  When a change has occurred in the physical conditions of lands which will materially affect the operation of an individual or community onlot sewage disposal system covered by a permit issued by the local agency under this chapter.

   (2)  When one or more tests material to the issuance of the permit has not been properly conducted.

   (3)  When information relevant to the issuance of the permit has been falsified.

   (4)  When the original decision of the local agency otherwise failed to conform with the act and this part.

   (5)  When the permittee has violated the act, this part or the requirements of the permit.

 (b)  The notice of revocation of a permit shall be in writing to the permit holder and shall include the reasons for revocation, notice of the permit holder’s opportunity to request a hearing before the local agency within 10 days of receipt of the revocation notice, and notice that no further construction or use of either the sewage system or the structure for which it is intended may take place until a new permit is issued or the revocation is reversed by the local agency.

 (c)  If a permit holder fails to file a written request for a hearing under this chapter within 10 days after receipt of notice of revocation, revocation shall be final.

Authority

   The provisions of this §  72.28 amended under section 9 of the Pennsylvania Sewage Facilities Act (35 P. S. §  750.9); The Clean Streams Law (35 P. S. § §  691.1—691.1001); and section 1920-A of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P. S. §  510-20).

Source

   The provisions of this §  72.28 amended November 7, 1997, effective November 8, 1997, 27 Pa.B. 5877. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (221885) to (221886).

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  72.30 (relating to inspection).

§ 72.29. Review of denials and revocations.

 (a)  The local agency shall hold a hearing for denials or revocations within 30 days after receipt of a written request for a hearing. Hearing requests shall state concisely all reasons for the appeal. The Department shall be notified of the hearing by the local agency at least 3 days prior to the hearing date. This notification shall include a statement of the reasons for the appeal.

 (b)  Hearings under this section and a subsequent appeal shall be conducted under 2 Pa.C.S. § §  551—555 (relating to the Local Agency Law). The local agency shall defend its actions during the course of a subsequent appeal.

 (c)  The Attorney General and the Department shall be notified in writing by the appellant of an appeal challenging the constitutionality of the act or the validity of this part.

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  72.30 (relating to inspection).

§ 72.30. Inspection.

 (a)  No part of an individual or community onlot sewage system may be covered until a final inspection is conducted and final written approval is given by the local agency.

 (b)  The sewage system shall be inspected, approved and covered before the structure is occupied by a person.

 (c)  The applicant shall notify the local agency when the installation of the sewage system is completed and ready for inspection.

 (d)  The applicant may cover the individual or community onlot sewage system upon receipt of written approval by the local agency. If 72 hours have passed, excepting Sundays and holidays, since the local agency received the notification of completion required by subsection (c), the applicant may cover the sewage system unless final written approval to cover has been refused by the local agency.

 (e)  The local agency may inspect and make tests before, during or after construction and may by order require a sewage system to be uncovered at the expense of the applicant, if the sewage system has been covered contrary to this chapter.

 (f)  When the inspection reveals that the installation of the sewage system is contrary to the permit application or in violation of the act or this part, the permit shall be revoked and the provisions of § §  72.28(b) and (c) and 72.29 (relating to revocation of permits; and review of denials and revocations) apply.

§ 72.31. Conditions related to the installation of permit exempt systems.

 A person installing a permit-exempt system shall indemnify and hold harmless the Commonwealth, the local agency, the sewage enforcement officer serving the municipality in which the system is located and the municipality where the system is located from and against damages to property or injuries to any persons and other losses, damages, expenses, claims, demands, suits and actions by any party against the Commonwealth, the local agency, sewage enforcement officer and the municipality in connection with the malfunctioning of the onlot sewage system installed under the permit exemption provisions of this chapter. It is the sole responsibility of the property owner who installed or contracted for the installation of a sewage system under the permit exemption provisions of this chapter or the property owner who accepted responsibility for the system upon purchase of the property under the disclosure provisions of §  72.32(a) (relating to sales contracts) to correct or have corrected any system malfunction which contaminates surface water or groundwater or discharges to the surface of the ground. Malfunctions of systems installed under this chapter which contaminate groundwater or surface water or discharge to the surface of the ground shall constitute a nuisance and shall be abatable in a manner provided by law.

Authority

   The provisions of this §  72.31 amended under sections 7.2 and 9 of the Pennsylvania Sewage Facilities Act (35 P. S. § §  750.7b and 750.9); The Clean Streams Act (35 P. S. § §  691.1—691.1001); and section 1920-A of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P. S. §  510-20).

Source

   The provisions of this §  72.31 adopted November 1, 1996, effective November 2, 1996, 26 Pa.B. 5347; amended November 7, 1997, effective November 8, 1997, 27 Pa.B. 5877. Immediately precedinig text appears at serial pages (221887) to (221888).

§ 72.32. Sales contracts.

 (a)  Every contract for the sale of a lot which is served by an individual sewage system which was installed under the 10-acre permit exemption provisions of §  72.22(e)—(g) (relating to permit issuance) shall contain a statement in the contract that clearly indicates to the buyer that soils and site testing were not conducted and that the owner of the property or properties served by the system, at the time of a malfunction, may be held liable for any contamination, pollution, public health hazard or nuisance which occurs as the result of the malfunction of a sewage system installed in accordance with the 10-acre permit exemption provisions of §  72.22(e)—(g).

 (b)  Every contract for the sale of a lot served by a holding tank, whether permanent or temporary, to which sewage is conveyed by a water carrying system and which is designed and constructed to facilitate ultimate disposal of the sewage at another site, shall contain a statement in the contract that clearly indicates that the property is served by such a tank and shall provide a history of the annual cost of maintaining the tank from the date of its installation or December 15, 1995, whichever is later.

 (c)  Every contract for sale of a lot which is served by an individual sewage system which was installed under §  72.33 (relating to well isolation distance exemption) with an isolation distance less than the distance specified by §  73.13 (relating to minimum horizontal isolation distances) shall contain a statement in the contract that clearly indicates to the buyer that the isolation distances required by regulation between the individual onlot system components and the well on the property being sold were not met.

 (d)  Every contract for the sale of a lot which is within an area in which permit limitations are in effect shall contain a statement in the contract that clearly indicates to the buyer that sewage facilities are not available for that lot and construction of a structure to be served by sewage facilities may not begin until the municipality completes a major planning requirement.

 (e)  Every contract for the sale of a lot for which a required revision for new land development, exception to the requirement to revise or a required supplement has not been approved shall contain a statement that clearly indicates to the buyer that sewage facilities are not available for that lot and that sewage facilities will not be available nor may construction begin until sewage facilities planning has been approved.

 (f)  Every contract for the sale of a lot for which there is no currently existing community sewage system available shall contain a statement in the contract clearly indicating to the buyer that there is no community sewage system available, that a permit for an individual sewage system will have to be obtained and the buyer should contact the local agency charged with administering the act before signing the contract to determine the procedure and requirements for obtaining a permit for an individual sewage system if one has not already been obtained.

 (g)  A contract for the sale of a lot which does not conform to the requirements of this section is not enforceable by the seller against the buyer. Any term of the contract purporting to waive the rights of the buyer to the disclosures required in this section is void.

Authority

   The provisions of this §  72.32 amended under section 9 of the Pennsylvania Sewage Facilities Act (35 P. S. §  750.9); The Clean Streams Law (35 P. S. § §  691.1—691.1001); and section 1920-A of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P. S. §  510-20).

Source

   The provisions of this §  72.32 adopted November 7, 1997, effective November 8, 1997, 27 Pa.B. 5877.

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  72.31 (relating to conditions related to the installation of permit exempt system).

§ 72.33. Well isolation distance exemption.

 (a)  Any minimum distance requirement between a private well and a proposed absorption area specified in Chapter 73 (relating to standards for onlot sewage treatment facilities) is not applicable if the local agency finds that the installation of a proposed individual sewage system does not pose a threat of pollution to any well on the same lot within the distance specified by regulation. The minimum distance between a proposed individual sewage system on the applicant’s lot and any wells on any other lot, regardless of the ownership of that lot, shall meet the minimum horizontal isolation distances in §  73.13 (relating to minimal horizontal isolation distances) except as provided in §  73.3(b) (relating to policy).

 (b)  If a repair to a malfunctioning onlot system is being considered under §  73.3(b), the requirements of this section may be waived at the sole discretion of the local agency.

 (c)  The applicant shall submit a formal written request for a well isolation distance exemption to the local agency. The request shall include:

   (1)  Appropriate groundwater studies.

   (2)  Payment of fees or costs incurred by the local agency to review the groundwater study.

 (d)  Upon receipt of the items required in subsection (c), a local agency, other than a delegated agency, shall act upon an application for an exemption under this section within 45 days after receipt of a request for an exemption. A delegated agency shall act on any application for an exemption under this section within 30 days after receipt of a request for exemption.

 (e)  The local agency, municipality, sewage enforcement officer and Department will incur no liability as a result of the local agency granting an exemption under this section.

Authority

   The provisions of this §  72.33 amended under section 9 of the Pennsylvania Sewage Facilities Act (35 P. S. §  750.9); The Clean Streams Law (35 P. S. § §  691.1—691.1001); and section 1920-A of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P. S. §  510-20).

Source

   The provisions of this §  72.33 adopted November 7, 1997, effective November 8, 1997, 27 Pa.B. 5877.

Cross References

   This section cited in 25 Pa. Code §  72.32 (relating to sales contracts); 25 Pa. Code §  73.3 (relating to policy); and 25 Pa. Code §  73.13 (relating to minimum horizontal isolation distances).



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