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COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA

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Pennsylvania Code



Subchapter D. SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES, TUBERCULOSIS AND OTHER COMMUNICABLE DISEASES


Sec.


27.81.    Examination of persons suspected of being infected.
27.82.    Refusal to submit to examination.
27.83.    Court ordered examinations.
27.84.    Examination for a sexually transmitted disease of persons detained by police authorities.
27.85.    Diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted disease.
27.86.    [Reserved].
27.87.    Refusal to submit to treatment for communicable diseases.
27.88.    Isolation and quarantine in appropriate institutions.
27.89.    Examinations for syphilis.
27.90—27.94.    [Reserved].
27.95.    Reporting syphilis examination information for births and fetal deaths.
27.96.    Diagnostic tests for sexually transmitted diseases.
27.97.    Treatment of minors.
27.98.    Prophylactic treatment of newborns.
27.99.    Prenatal examination for hepatitis B.

§ 27.81. Examination of persons suspected of being infected.

 Whenever the Department or a local health authority has reasonable grounds to suspect a person of being infected with an organism causing a sexually transmitted disease, tuberculosis or other communicable disease, or of being a carrier, but lacks confirmatory medical or laboratory evidence, the Department or the local health authority may require the person to undergo a medical examination and any other approved diagnostic procedure to determine whether or not the person is infected or is a carrier. If the local health authority involved is not an LMRO, the local health authority shall consult with and receive approval from the Department prior to requiring any medical examination or other approved diagnostic procedure.

Source

   The provisions of this §  27.81 amended January 25, 2002, effective January 26, 2002, 32 Pa.B. 491. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (243672).

Cross References

   This section cited in 28 Pa. Code §  27.82 (relating to refusal to submit to examination).

§ 27.82. Refusal to submit to examination.

 (a)  If a person refuses to submit to the examination required in §  27.81 (relating to examination of persons suspected of being infected), the Department or the local health authority may direct the person to be quarantined until it is determined that the person does not pose a threat to the public health by reason of being infected with a disease causing organism or being a carrier.

 (b)  If the person refuses to abide by an order issued under subsection (a), the Department or local health authority may file a petition in the court of common pleas of the county in which the person is present. The petition shall have a statement attached, given under oath by a physician licensed to practice in this Commonwealth, that the person is suspected of being infected with an organism causing a sexually transmitted disease, tuberculosis or other communicable disease, or that the person is suspected of being a carrier.

   (1)  Upon the filing of the petition, the court shall, within 24 hours after service of a copy upon the respondent, hold a hearing without a jury to ascertain whether the person named in the petition has refused to submit to an examination to determine whether the person is infected with the suspected disease causing organism, or that the person is a carrier.

   (2)  Upon a finding that the person has refused to submit to an examination and that there is no valid reason for the person to do so, the court may forthwith order the person to submit to the examination.

   (3)  The certificate of the physician attached to the petition shall be received in evidence and shall constitute prima facie evidence that the person named is suspected of being infected with the disease causing organism, or that the person is a carrier.

 (c)  A person refusing to undergo an examination as required under subsections (a) and (b) may be committed by the court to an institution in this Commonwealth determined by the Department to be suitable for the care of persons infected with the suspected disease causing organism.

Source

   The provisions of this §  27.82 amended January 25, 2002, effective January 26, 2002, 32 Pa.B. 491. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (243672) to (243673).

Cross References

   This section cited in 28 Pa. Code §  27.83 (relating to court ordered examinations); and 28 Pa. Code §  27.161 (relating to special requirements for tuberculosis).

§ 27.83. Court ordered examinations.

 The examination ordered by the court under §  27.82 (relating to refusal to submit to examination) may be performed by a physician chosen by the person at the person’s own expense. The examination shall include an appropriate physical examination and laboratory tests performed in a clinical laboratory approved by the Department to conduct the tests, and shall be conducted in accordance with accepted professional practices. The results shall be reported to the local health authority or the Department on case report forms furnished by the Department.

Source

   The provisions of this §  27.83 amended January 25, 2002, effective January 26, 2002, 32 Pa.B. 491. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (243673).

Cross References

   This section cited in 28 Pa. Code §  27.161 (relating to special requirements for tuberculosis).

§ 27.84. Examination for a sexually transmitted disease of persons detained by police authorities.

 (a)  A person taken into custody and charged with a crime involving lewd conduct or a sex offense, or a person to whom the jurisdiction of a juvenile court attaches may be examined for a sexually transmitted disease by a qualified physician appointed by the Department, by the local health authority or by the court having jurisdiction over the person so charged. If the person refuses to permit an examination or provide a specimen for laboratory tests as requested by the physician designated by the Department, a local health authority or a court, judicial action may be pursued by the Department or local health authority to secure an appropriate remedy.

 (b)  A person convicted of a crime or pending trial, who is confined in or committed to a State or local penal institution, reformatory or other house of correction or detention, may be examined for a sexually transmitted disease by a qualified physician appointed by the Department or by the local health authority. If the person refuses to permit an examination or provide a specimen for laboratory tests as requested by the physician, judicial action may be pursued by the Department or local health authority to secure an appropriate remedy.

 (c)  A person described in subsection (a) or (b) found, upon examination, to be infected with a sexually transmitted disease shall be given appropriate treatment by the local health authority, the Department or the attending physician of the institution.

Source

   The provisions of this §  27.84 amended January 25, 2002, effective January 26, 2002, 32 Pa.B. 491. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (243673) to (243674).

§ 27.85. Diagnosis and treatment of a sexually transmitted disease.

 (a)  The Department will provide or designate adequate facilities for the free diagnosis and, where necessary for the preservation of public health, free treatment of persons infected with sexually transmitted diseases.

 (b)  Upon approval of the Department, a local health authority shall undertake to share the expense of furnishing free diagnosis and free treatment of a sexually transmitted disease, or shall furnish free diagnosis and free treatment of the sexually transmitted disease without financial assistance from the Department.

Source

   The provisions of this §  27.85 amended January 25, 2002, effective January 26, 2002, 32 Pa.B. 491. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (243674).

§ 27.86. [Reserved].


Source

   The provisions of this §  27.86 reserved January 25, 2002, effective January 26, 2002, 32 Pa.B. 491. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (243674).

§ 27.87. Refusal to submit to treatment for communicable diseases.

 (a)  If the Department or a local health authority finds that a person who is infected with a sexually transmitted disease, tuberculosis or other communicable disease in a communicable stage refuses to submit to treatment approved by the Department or by a local health authority, the Department or the local health authority, if it determines the action advances public health interests, shall order the person to be isolated in an appropriate institution designated by the Department or by the local health authority for safekeeping and treatment until the disease has been rendered noncommunicable.

     (i)   If the disease is one which may be significantly reduced in its communicability following short-term therapy, but is likely to significantly increase in its communicability if that therapy is not continued, such as tuberculosis, the Department or local health authority may order the person to complete therapy which is designed to prevent the disease from reverting to a communicable stage, including completion of an inpatient treatment regimen. See, also, §  27.161 (relating to special requirements for tuberculosis).

     (ii)   If the local health authority involved is not an LMRO, the local health authority shall consult with and receive approval from the Department prior to taking any action under this subsection.

 (b)  If a person refuses to comply with an order issued under subsection (a), the Department or local health authority may file a petition in the court of common pleas of the county in which the person is present to commit the person to an appropriate institution designated by the Department or by the local health authority for safekeeping and treatment as specified in subsection (a). Upon the filing of a petition, the court shall, within 24 hours after service of a copy upon the respondent, hold a hearing without a jury to ascertain whether the person named in the petition has refused to submit to treatment. Upon a finding that the person has refused to submit to treatment, the court shall issue an appropriate order.

 (c)  For the purpose of this section, treatment approved by the Department or by a local health authority may include treatment by an accredited practitioner of a well recognized church or religious denomination which relies on prayer or spiritual means alone for healing, if requirements relating to sanitation, isolation or quarantine are satisfied.

Source

   The provisions of this §  27.87 amended January 25, 2002, effective January 26, 2002, 32 Pa.B. 491. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (243674) to (243675).

Cross References

   This section cited in 28 Pa. Code §  27.161 (relating to special requirements for tuberculosis).

§ 27.88. Isolation and quarantine in appropriate institutions.

 (a)  When the Department or a local health authority orders a person with or suspected of having a sexually transmitted disease to be isolated or quarantined for the purpose of safekeeping and treatment, it may order that the isolation or quarantine take place in an institution where the person’s movement is physically restricted.

 (b)  The Department or the local health authority shall reimburse an institution which accepts the person at the rate of maintenance that prevails in the institution, and shall furnish the necessary medical treatment to the person isolated or quarantined within the institution.

Source

   The provisions of this §  27.88 amended January 25, 2002, effective January 26, 2002, 32 Pa.B. 491. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (243675).

§ 27.89.  Examinations for syphilis.

 (a)  Prenatal examination for syphilis.

   (1)  Blood sample.

     (i)   A physician who attends, treats or examines a pregnant woman for conditions relating to pregnancy during the period of gestation or delivery shall inform the woman that he intends to take or cause to be taken, unless the woman objects, a sample of her blood at the time of the first examination (including the initial visit when a pregnancy test is positive), or within 15 days after the first examination, and shall submit the sample to a clinical laboratory for an approved test for syphilis.

     (ii)   A physician shall similarly collect and have tested a sample of the pregnant woman’s blood during the third trimester of her pregnancy, in those counties of this Commonwealth where the annual rate of infectious syphilis is at a rate of syphilis occurring in a given population for which the CDC has determined it is cost-effective to require special precautions.

     (iii)   The Department will publish the list of those counties in which this rate is occurring in the Pennsylvania Bulletin as necessary.

     (iv)   Other persons permitted by law to attend pregnant women, but not permitted by law to take blood samples, shall, unless the woman objects, cause a blood sample to be taken and submitted to a clinical laboratory for an approved test for syphilis.

     (v)   If the pregnant woman objects, it shall be the duty of the person attending the pregnant woman and seeking to have the woman give a blood sample to explain to her the desirability of the test.

   (2)  Charge for test. The serological test required by paragraph (1) will be made without charge, by the Department, upon the request of the physician submitting the blood sample and the submission of a certificate by the physician that the patient is unable to pay.

 (b)  Examination for syphilis in mother of newborn. A test for syphilis shall be done, unless the mother objects, on the blood of the mother of every newborn delivered in those counties of this Commonwealth where the annual rate of infectious syphilis is at a rate of syphilis occurring in a given population for which the CDC has determined it is cost-effective to require special precautions.

   (1)  The Department will publish the list of counties in which this rate is occurring in the Pennsylvania Bulletin as necessary.

   (2)  The results of the test shall be recorded both in the mother’s medical record and in the newborn’s medical record prior to discharge.

 (c)  Examination for syphilis in mother of stillborn.

     (i)   A test for syphilis shall be done, unless the mother objects, on the blood of the mother of every stillborn child delivered in those counties of this Commonwealth where the annual rate of infectious syphilis is at a rate of syphilis occurring in a given population for which the CDC has determined it is cost-effective to require special precautions.

     (ii)   The Department will publish the list of counties in which this rate is occurring in the Pennsylvania Bulletin as necessary.

     (iii)   The Department will be responsible for alerting physicians about this standard.

     (iv)   The blood shall be collected within 2 hours after delivery and the result entered into the mother’s medical record prior to discharge. See also, §  27.95 (relating to reporting syphilis examination information for births and fetal deaths).

Source

   The provisions of this §  27.89 amended January 25, 2002, effective January 26, 2002, 32 Pa.B. 491. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (243675).

Cross References

   This section cited in 28 Pa. Code §  27.95 (relating to reporting syphilis examination information for births and fetal deaths).

§ § 27.90—27.94. [Reserved].


Source

   The provisions of these § §  27.90—27.94 reserved January 25, 2002, effective January 26, 2002, 32 Pa.B. 491. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (243676) to (243677).

§ 27.95. Reporting syphilis examination information for births and fetal deaths.

 In reporting a birth or fetal death, physicians and others required to make the reports shall state in the medical record whether or not the blood tests required by §  27.89(b) (relating to examinations for syphilis) were made. If a test was made, the date of the test shall be given, and if a test was not made, the reason the test was not made shall be given.

Source

   The provisions of this §  27.95 amended January 25, 2002, effective January 26, 2002, 32 Pa.B. 491. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (243677) to (243678).

Cross References

   This section cited in 28 Pa. Code §  27.89 (relating to examination for syphilis).

§ 27.96. Diagnostic tests for sexually transmitted diseases.

 (a)  When testing for a sexually transmitted disease is required by the act or this chapter, the test used shall be a test approved by the Food and Drug Administration, and if a laboratory test is part of the approved procedure, it shall be conducted in a clinical laboratory approved by the Department to perform the test.

 (b)  The diagnostic tests that have been approved to test for each sexually transmitted disease may be ascertained by contacting the Division of Clinical Microbiology, Bureau of Laboratories.

Source

   The provisions of this §  27.96 amended January 25, 2002, effective January 26, 2002, 32 Pa.B. 491. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (243678).

§ 27.97. Treatment of minors.

 A person under 21 years of age may give consent for medical and other health services to determine the presence of or to treat a sexually transmitted disease and any other reportable disease, infection or condition. If the minor consents to undergo diagnosis or treatment, approval or consent of another person is not necessary. The physician may not be sued or held liable for implementing appropriate diagnostic measures or administering appropriate treatment to the minor if the minor has consented to the procedures or treatment.

Source

   The provisions of this §  27.97 amended January 25, 2002, effective January 26, 2002, 32 Pa.B. 491. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (243678).

§ 27.98. Prophylactic treatment of newborns.

 (a)  Physicians and midwives attending women in childbirth shall instill in each eye of the newborn child, as soon as practicable after birth, either a 1% silver nitrate solution, or erythromycin ophthalmic ointment or solution as a single application in both conjunctival sacs, or appropriate medication approved by the Department.

 (b)  If the parent or guardian of the newborn child objects on the ground that the prophylactic treatment conflicts with the parent’s or guardian’s religious beliefs or practices, or if in the opinion of the attending physician treatment is not advisable, prophylactic treatment shall be withheld.

 (c)  An entry in the child’s hospital record indicating the reason for withholding treatment shall be made and signed by the attending physician and the parent or guardian.

Authority

   The provisions of this §  27.98 issued under section 2102(g) of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P. S. §  532(g)); section 16 of the Disease Prevention and Control Law of 1955 (35 P. S. §  521.16); and section 803 of the Health Care Facilities Act (35 P. S. §  448.803).

Source

   The provisions of this §  27.98 amended May 4, 1984, effective May 5, 1984, 14 Pa.B. 1553; amended January 25, 2002, effective January 26, 2002, 32 Pa.B. 491. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (243678).

Cross References

   This section cited in 28 Pa. Code §  137.24 (relating to delivery room procedures); 28 Pa. Code §  139.23 (relating to delivery suite services); and 28 Pa. Code §  501.49 (relating to newborn infant care policies and procedures).

§ 27.99. Prenatal examination for hepatitis B.

 (a)  A physician who attends, treats or examines a pregnant woman for conditions relating to pregnancy during the period of gestation or delivery, shall inform the woman that the physician intends to take or cause to be taken, unless the woman objects, a sample of her blood at the time of the first examination (including the initial visit when a pregnancy test is positive) or within 15 days thereafter, but no later than the time of delivery, and shall submit the sample to a clinical laboratory approved by the Department to conduct immunologic testing.

 (b)  When a pregnant woman tests positive for hepatitis B surface antigen, a physician shall provide the appropriate prophylactic treatment to the newborn within 12 hours after birth. If the parent or guardian of the newborn child objects on the ground that the prophylactic treatment conflicts with the parent’s or guardian’s religious beliefs or practices, prophylactic treatment shall be withheld, and an entry in the child’s hospital record indicating the reason for withholding treatment shall be made and signed by the attending physician and the parent or guardian.

Source

   The provisions of this §  27.99 adopted January 25, 2002, effective January 26, 2002, 32 Pa.B. 491.



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