Subchapter B. RAILROAD SANITATION
41.114. General requirements.
41.121. General requirements.
41.122. Toilet rooms, water closets and urinals.
41.123. Water closets.
41.126. Chemical closets.
WASHING AND SHOWER FACILITIES
41.131. Washing facilities.
41.132. Shower baths.
RETIRING ROOMS AND DRESSING FACILITIES
41.141. Dressing facilities for men.
41.142. Retiring rooms and dressing facilities for women.
41.151. General requirements.
41.161. Water supply.
41.163. Construction requirements.
41.171. General construction requirements.
41.172. Wash bowls.
41.173. Electric markers.
41.174. Interior lighting.
41.175. Shatterproof glass.
41.176. Water facilities.
CAMP CARS AND TRAILERS
41.181. Water supply and accessories.
41.183. Additional requirements.
SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR NEW INSTALLATIONS
41.191. Toilet rooms.
41.192. Water closets.
41.194. Washing facilities.
41.195. Retiring rooms for women.
41.196. Dressing facilities for men.
41.197. Bunk houses.
SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR EXISTING INSTALLATIONS
41.201. Toilet facilities.
41.202. Water closets.
41.203. Washing facilities.
41.204. Retiring rooms for women.
41.205. Bunk houses.
The provisions of this Subchapter B adopted January 3, 1956; amended through July 1, 1968, unless otherwise noted.
§ 41.111. Definitions.
The following words and terms, when used in this subchapter, have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
BunkhouseAny building or portion thereof in which persons employed by railroads are furnished sleeping accommodations, such shall include rooming houses, dormitories, barracks and any other kind of building used to furnish sleeping quarters.
Cabin carA caboose provided for the use of railroad employes.
Camp car or trailerAny movable car used for housing railroad employes. The terms, when used collectively, shall mean a group of sleeping, dining, kitchen or recreation cars furnished for the use of any one gang or group of employes. Camp cars or trailers shall be of safe construction and suitable for the purpose for which used.
Chemical closetA closet in which the contents are brought into contact with chemicals.
Existing equipmentAny equipment built and in service on or after September 25, 1961.
Existing installationsAny installation in use on July 8, 1954, and remaining in a usable condition without the necessity of major alterations or repairs.
New equipmentAny equipment put into service subsequent to September 25, 1961.
New installationsAny installation installed subsequent to July 8, 1954, or any installation not in use or usable condition on July 8, 1954, and any installation requiring major alteration and repair after July 8, 1954.
PrivySanitary facilities for defecation, located in an outhouse and apart from any building.
Retiring roomA room, separate and apart from the workrooms, to be used either as a restroom or as a dressing room or for both of these purposes.
Shower bathThe facilities for washing the body under a spray of water.
SinkA receptacle or fixture used for general cleaning purposes or for disposing of waste water.
Toilet roomAny room with solid walls extending from floor to ceiling and containing one or more water closets or chemical closets facilities.
Trough wash sinkA vessel, greater in length than in width or depth, in which two or more persons may wash simultaneously.
UrinalA sanitary fixture installed for the purpose of urination.
WashbasinA basin or bowl used for the purpose of obtaining personal cleanliness.
WashroomA room equipped with troughs, wash bowls, shower baths and other facilities for the purpose of obtaining personal cleanliness.
Water closetSanitary facilities for defecation, equipped with a hopper or trap and a device for flushing the bowl by water.
Water closet compartmentAn enclosure in a toilet room which surrounds an individual water closet. To constitute an enclosure there shall be a swinging door with an internal latch.
§ 41.112. Scope.
(a) This subchapter sets forth rules to safeguard the health and safety of railroad employes, and pertains to all installations unless otherwise specified as pertaining to new or existing installations.
§ 41.113. Penalty.
Anyone who violates this subchapter or any regulations of the Department or who interferes with the Department or its duly authorized representative in the enforcement of such provisions or regulations shall be subject to summary proceedings before an alderman, magistrate or district justice, and upon conviction shall be penalized under section 15 of act of May 18, 1937 (P. L. 654, No. 174) (43 P. S. § 25-15).
§ 41.114. General requirements.
(a) All new buildings erected under this Subchapter shall be of construction in accordance with the Fire and Panic Act (35 P. S. § § 12211235).
(b) All buildings, their yards, courts, areas, alleys, and passageways shall be kept free from any accumulation of dirt, filth, rubbish or garbage.
(c) All privies, chemical closets, water closets, urinals, washing facilities, toilet rooms, retiring rooms, shower rooms, dressing rooms, drains, cesspools and plumbing shall be kept in a clean, safe, and sanitary condition.
(d) Plumbing fixtures shall be in strict accordance with the laws of the Commonwealth and local ordinances.
(e) It shall be the duty of the employer to maintain cleanliness and the required sanitary facilities.
(f) Safe ingress and egress shall be provided to all facilities. Sanitary facilities shall not be located near any dump, unsanitary or vermin-infested dump or vault.
§ 41.121. General requirements.
(a) Adequate water closets, chemical closets or privies shall be provided for each sex.
(b) Chemical closets and privies shall only be permitted where there is no lawful sewer accessible or such is not obtainable by construction at reasonable public or private expense. No privy shall be permitted, if it is impossible to construct and maintain the same without danger of contaminating any source of drinking water.
(c) Toilet facilities shall be readily accessible to employes they are intended to serve.
(d) Any adequate supply of toilet paper shall be provided for every toilet facility, and shall be of a material that does not obstruct fixtures or plumbing.
(e) Covered receptacles shall be kept in all toilet rooms used by females.
(f) Toilet facilities shall be provided for each sex in accordance with the following table. The number required for each sex in every case shall be based on the maximum number of persons of the sex for which such facilities are provided. For each additional 25 employes at least one additional facility shall be provided:
Number of Persons Number of Facilities 115 1 1630 2 3150 3
(g) Whenever urinals are provided, one facility less than the number specified in subsection (f) may be provided for males, except that the number of facilities in such cases may not be reduced to less than 2/3 of the specified number.
§ 41.122. Toilet rooms, water closets, and urinals.
(a) Construction. The following specifications shall be met:
(1) Any toilet room without adequate natural light shall be artificially lighted in accordance with Chapter 27 (relating to lighting) issued by the Department, and the approach thereto shall be kept well lighted and free from obstruction at all times.
(2) No toilet room shall have direct contact with any room in which food products are manufactured or in which unwrapped food products are prepared, stored, handled or sold, unless separated from such room by a vestibule with doors. The doors of both the toilet room and the vestibule shall be provided with effective self-closing devices.
(3) The outside partitions of all toilet rooms shall be of solid construction or of glass set in suitable frames. If glass is used, it shall be opaque or translucent but not transparent. Partitions shall extend from floor to ceiling or the rooms shall be independently ceiled over (except roof truss construction).
(4) If subject to public view, the entrance to a toilet room shall be provided with a vestibule or screen with the exception that, where such toilet rooms contain only one toilet and the door to the room may be locked on the inside, a screen shall not be required.
(5) The door of every toilet room for the use of more than one person shall be fitted with an effective self-closing device.
(6) Water closet compartments shall have a door equipped with a latch, lock, or bolt. Dwarf doors may be used but the tops shall neither be less than 60 inches from the floor, nor shall the clearance between the bottom of the door and the floor exceed 12 inches.
(7) Natural or artificial means shall be provided to insure a comfortable and healthful atmosphere.
(8) The walls and ceilings of all toilet rooms shall be of a substance that may be readily cleaned.
(9) Separate toilet rooms shall be provided for each sex if both men and women are employed. These shall be clearly designated and no person shall be permitted to use or frequent a toilet room assigned to the opposite sex.
(10) Partitions separating toilet rooms provided for the opposite sexes shall be soundproof and constructed of material which is not transparent or translucent, and no opening in such partitions shall be permitted.
(b) Maintenance. In all toilet rooms or water closet compartments and in all compartments containing urinals there shall be displayed a poster requesting employes to cooperate with the employer and with each other to maintain the conveniences in a sanitary condition. Upon written request to the Department, copies of the required poster, an example of which appears in § 41.33 (relating to water closet maintenance), will be furnished without cost. The walls or partitions of toilet rooms, dressing rooms, or water closet compartments and all fixtures shall be kept free from indecent writing or marking; such defacement shall be removed by the employer.
§ 41.123. Water closets.
§ 41.124. Urinals.
(a) Urinals shall be located in toilet rooms. Additional urinals, which are properly screened, may be provided on shop floors.
§ 41.125. Privies.
§ 41.126. Chemical closets.
(a) Chemical closets shall be of an approved type.
(b) Section 41.71 (relating to maintenance of chemical closets) applies to chemical closets used in railroad sanitation.
WASHING AND SHOWER FACILITIES
§ 41.131. Washing facilities.
(a) Adequate facilities for maintaining personal cleanliness shall be provided for all employes. The facilities shall be convenient for employes for whom they are provided and shall be maintained in a sanitary condition.
§ 41.132. Shower baths.
Section 41.82 (relating to shower baths) applies to shower baths used in railroad sanitation.
RETIRING ROOMS AND DRESSING FACILITIES
§ 41.141. Dressing facilities for men.
§ 41.142. Retiring rooms and dressing facilities for women.
Sections 41.2141.26 (relating to retiring room and dressing facilities for women) apply to dressing facilities used for women used in railroad sanitation.
§ 41.151. General requirements.
Section 41.84 (relating to drinking water) applies to drinking facilities used in railroad sanitation.
§ 41.161. Water supply.
(a) All bunk houses shall be provided with an adequate quantity of pure and wholesome water for the use of the occupants.
(b) If the water is obtained from a public waterworks system approved by the required Commonwealth authorities, it shall be distributed by means of pipes as required.
(c) If such water is obtained from a private source, such as a well, spring or cistern, the source shall not be polluted or contaminated nor so situated, constructed or maintained that it may become polluted or contaminated.
§ 41.162. Ventilation.
(a) All bathrooms, toilet rooms and water closets compartments in bunk houses, shall be provided with ample ventilation and light either by means of windows opening directly to the outside air or by equivalent artificial means maintained in constant and satisfactory service.
(b) Rooms for living or sleeping purposes in bunk houses shall have ample ventilation and natural light and shall be provided with windows having sash so constructed and maintained that they may be easily opened.
§ 41.163. Construction requirements.
(a) Bunk houses shall be provided with toilet rooms, showers and washbasins.
(b) No room shall be occupied for sleeping purposes in any bunk house which does not provide the following minimum requirements per occupant:
(1) Rooms with window area in one wall. A window area of 12 square feet, a floor area of 70 square feet and a ceiling height, the minimum of which shall be 8 feet in the clear.
(2) Rooms with window area in two walls at right angles to each other. A window area of 10 square feet, a floor area of 60 square feet, and a ceiling height the minimum of which shall be 8 feet in the clear.
(3) Rooms with window area in two walls opposite each other. A window area of 8 square feet, a floor area of 50 square feet, and a ceiling height, the minimum of which shall be 8 feet in the clear.
§ 41.164. Maintenance.
(a) Linens shall be changed weekly or for each new occupant.
(b) During the season when flies are prevalent, all openings into outer air shall be screened and doors shall be self-closing.
(c) The employer shall keep the entire building in repair, including the plumbing, lighting, heating, and ventilating system. The employer shall also keep the entire building in a clean condition, free from any accumulation of dirt, garbage or other refuse matter.
This section cited in 34 Pa. Code § 41.182 (relating to ventilation).
§ 41.171. General construction requirements.
(a) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (b), cabin cars shall be equipped with a suitable container for individual paper cups, a permanent washbasin, water or chemical closet compartment, refrigerator, stove and table.
§ 41.172. Wash bowls.
(a) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (b), there shall be compliance with the following requirements:
(1) New cabin cars, put into service after September 25, 1961, shall be equipped with smooth stainless steel or other noncorrosive washbowls to insure clean and sanitary washing facilities.
(2) All existing cabin cars, built and put into service on or after September 25, 1961, shall be equipped with smooth stainless steel or other noncorrosive washbowls to insure clean and sanitary washing facilities.
§ 41.173. Electric markers.
(a) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (b), all new and existing cabin cars shall be equipped, on the rear, with electric markers (either flashing type or constant burning) with sufficient candlepower to be visible at a distance of 3,000 feet under ordinary atmospheric conditions.
§ 41.174. Interior lighting.
(a) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (b), there shall be compliace with the following requirements:
(1) The interior of new cabin cars shall be equipped with not less than two electric lights with a minimum of 4-foot candlepower (one located over the desk and one centralized).
(2) The interior of existing cabin cars shall be equipped with one electric light with a minimum of 4-foot candlepower located over the desk. Thereafter, each railroad subject to this subchapter shall equip a minimum of 20% of its cabin care which are subject to this subchapter each year, so that there may be full compliance before July 1, 1974.
(b) Cabin cars operated exclusively in the daytime; those operated within yard limits and within terminal limits, either in the day or night; and those operated within a radius of 15 miles from point of dispatchment, regardless of whether the operation is wholly within this Commonwealth, are exempt.
§ 41.175. Shatterproof glass.
§ 41.176. Water facilities.
(a) General requirements. An adequate quantity of pure wholesome water drawn from a spigot shall be available for the use of the occupants of cabin cars.
(b) Condition of private sources. If water is obtained from a private source, such as a well, spring or cistern, the source shall not be polluted or contaminated nor be situated, constructed, or maintained in any manner that may render such water supply injurious to health.
(c) Maintenance and accessories. All cabin cars in use shall be supplied with an adequate supply of toilet paper, paper towels and paper cups. The use of the common drinking cup and the common towel is prohibited.
(d) Water tanks. Except as otherwise provided in subsection (b), all new and existing cabin cars shall be equipped with a stainless steel water tank. Wooden cabin cars constructed so as to prevent compliance with the stainless steel water tank requirement and any cabin cars operated either in yard service or within a radius of 15 miles from point of dispatchment where drinking facilities are available shall be equipped with either stainless steel water containers or interchangeable water containers with nonfragile, noncorrosive interiors and be equipped with spigot.
CAMP CARS AND TRAILERS
§ 41.181. Water supply and accessories.
(a) The use of the common drinking cup and the common towel is prohibited. All camp cars or trailers shall be equipped with a suitable drinking water container, a suitable container for individual paper cups, washbasins and showers with hot and cold running water, and an adequate supply of toilet paper, paper towels, and paper cups.
§ 41.182. Ventilation.
§ 41.183. Additional requirements.
No room shall be occupied for sleeping purposes in any camp car or trailer which does not provide the following additional requirements per occupant:
(1) For each occupant of a camp car or trailer, 250 cubic feet of air space shall be provided.
(2) Linens shall either be changed weekly or for each new occupant.
(3) The employer shall keep the camp car or trailer in repair, including the plumbing, lighting, heating and ventilating system, and also shall keep the camp car or trailer in a clean condition, free from any accumulation of dirt, garbage or other refuse matter.
(4) When employes are furnished meals in camp cars or trailers, adequate sanitary facilities and dining space shall be provided.
(5) When kitchen cars are furnished, the cars shall be well equipped with adequate refrigeration equipment, for preserving food and adequate kitchen equipment for cooking, preparing and serving food. Kitchen cars shall be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition.
(6) Camp cars or trailers shall contain adequate individual locker space in which the men may keep their clothing and personal belongings.
(7) Camp cars or trailers shall contain a space adaptable for use as a recreation room or sitting room and adequate in size for the number of men in the gang.
SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR NEW INSTALLATIONS
§ 41.191. Toilet rooms.
§ 41.192. Water closets.
§ 41.193. Urinals.
§ 41.194. Washing facilities.
When toilet rooms are provided, at least 1/2 of the wash basins or equivalent facilities, but in no case less than one shall be placed in each toilet room or adjoining room which is for the exclusive use of workers of the same sex.
§ 41.195. Retiring rooms for women.
§ 41.196. Dressing facilities for men.
§ 41.197. Bunk houses.
In bunk houses the required ventilation and light shall be obtained by windows opening directly to the outside air.
SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR EXISTING INSTALLATIONS
§ 41.201. Toilet facilities.
(a) Toilet facilities shall be provided for each sex in the ratio of at least one for every 25 employes or fractional part thereof.
(b) When toilet rooms for men and women adjoin, they shall be separated by partitions extending from floor to ceiling. In buildings with high ceilings the toirooms shall be ceiled over at a height of at least 8 feet from the floor.
§ 41.202. Water closets.
§ 41.203. Washing facilities.
At least one washbasin, or its equivalent, shall be placed in each toilet room or, where there is not sufficient space to install washing facilities in the toilet rooms, in an adjoining room, for the exclusive use of workers of the same sex.
§ 41.204. Retiring rooms for women.
§ 41.205. Bunk houses.
In bunk houses the required ventilation and light shall be attained by windows opening directly to or communicating with outside air.
This section cited in 34 Pa. Code § 41.125 (relating to privies).
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