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The Pennsylvania Code website reflects the Pennsylvania Code changes effective through 52 Pa.B. 4384 (July 30, 2022).

52 Pa. Code § 5.411. Oral examination.


§ 5.411. Oral examination.

 (a)  Witnesses shall be examined orally unless the testimony is taken by deposition as provided in § §  5.343—5.348 or the facts are stipulated in the manner provided in §  5.232 (relating to stipulations made in conferences) or in §  5.234 (relating to presentation and effect of stipulations) or the testimony is submitted in prepared written form as provided in §  5.324 (relating to discovery of expert testimony). Witnesses whose testimony is to be taken shall be sworn, or shall affirm, before their testimony shall be deemed evidence in the proceeding or any questions are put to them.

 (b)  Subsection (a) is identical to 1 Pa. Code §  35.137 (relating to oral examination).


   The provisions of this §  5.411 adopted October 12, 1984, effective January 1, 1985, 14 Pa.B. 3819.

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