Pennsylvania Code & Bulletin

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The Pennsylvania Code website reflects the Pennsylvania Code changes effective through 52 Pa.B. 4384 (July 30, 2022).

52 Pa. Code § 5.421. Subpoenas.


§ 5.421. Subpoenas.

 (a)  Issuance.

   (1)  A subpoena may be issued by the Commission upon its own motion.

   (2)  Other than under paragraph (1), a subpoena will issue only upon application in writing to the presiding officer, except that during a hearing in a proceeding, the application may be made orally on the record before the presiding officer, who will determine the necessity of issuing the subpoena.

 (b)  Form. The written application:

   (1)  Must specify as nearly as possible the general relevance, materiality and scope of the testimony or documentary evidence sought, including, as to documentary evidence, specification as nearly as possible of the documents desired.

   (2)  Must list the facts to be proved by the documents in sufficient detail to indicate the necessity of the documents.

   (3)  Must contain a notice that a response or objection to the application shall be filed with the Commission and presiding officer within 10 days of service of the application.

   (4)  Must include a certificate of service.

   (5)  May attach the proposed subpoena to the application.

 (c)  Service. An application for a subpoena shall be filed with the Commission and copies served by the petitioner upon:

   (1)  The party, person or individual to be subpoenaed.

   (2)  The presiding officer.

   (3)  The parties.

   (4)  The Commission’s Law Bureau, if the subpoena is directed to a Commission employee.

   (5)  The person or individual for whom the subpoena is sought when the person is not a party to the case. When the person or individual for whom a subpoena is sought is not a party to the case, the application must identify the persons—names and addresses—including the Secretary and presiding officer, to whom the answer or objection shall be sent.

 (d)  Service and return.

   (1)  Personal service. If service of the subpoena is made by a sheriff, like officer or deputy, service shall be evidenced by the return thereof. If made by another person, the person shall make affidavit thereof, describing the manner in which service was made, and return the affidavit on or with the original subpoena. In case of failure to make service, the reasons for the failure shall be stated on the original subpoena. In making service, a copy of the subpoena shall be exhibited to and left with the person to be served. The original subpoena, bearing or accompanied by the authorized return, affidavit or statement, shall be returned to the Secretary, or, if so directed on the subpoena, to the presiding officer before whom the person named in the subpoena is required to appear.

   (2)  Service by mail. Service of a subpoena upon a party, person or individual may also be accomplished by mail under § §  1.54 and 1.55 (relating to service by a party; and service on attorneys), or by a form of mail requiring a return receipt, postage prepaid, restricted delivery. Service is complete upon delivery of the mail to the party or the persons referred to in Pa.R.C.P. No. 402(a)(2) (relating to manner of service acceptance of service).

 (e)  Fees of witnesses. A witness subpoenaed by the Commission will be paid the same fees and mileage as paid for the like services in the courts of common pleas. A witness subpoenaed by a party shall be paid the same fees by the party. The Commission, before issuing a subpoena as provided in this section, may require a deposit of an amount adequate to cover the fees and mileage involved or require reasonable surety consistent with §  3.8 (relating to form of interim emergency orders).

 (f)  Objections and decision. A party, person or individual objecting to an application for a subpoena under this section may do so within 10 days in accordance with subsection (b)(3). The administrative law judge will address an objection within 10 days of the assignment of any objection filed under this section.

 (g)  Supersession. Subsections (a)—(e) supersede 1 Pa. Code §  35.142 (relating to subpoenas).


   The provisions of this §  5.421 amended under the Public Utility Code, 66 Pa.C.S. § §  309—311, 315, 331—335, 501, 504—506, 523, 701—703, 1101—1103, 1301, 1501 and 1504.


   The provisions of this §  5.421 adopted October 12, 1984, effective January 1, 1985, 14 Pa.B. 3819; amended December 2, 1988, effective January 3, 1989, 18 Pa.B. 5451; amended January 24, 1997, effective January 25, 1997, 27 Pa.B. 414; amended April 28, 2006, effective April 29, 2006, 36 Pa.B. 2097. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (225709) to (225710).

Cross References

   This section cited in 52 Pa. Code §  5.373 (relating to subpoenas); and 52 Pa. Code §  5.424 (relating to issuance of subpoenas).

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