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The Pennsylvania Code website reflects the Pennsylvania Code changes effective through 52 Pa.B. 3668 (June 25, 2022).

55 Pa. Code § 2600.182. Medication administration.

§ 2600.182. Medication administration.

 (a)  A home may provide medication administration services for a resident who is assessed to need medication administration services in accordance with §  2600.181 (relating to self-administration) and for a resident who chooses not to self-administer medications. If a home does not provide medication administration services, the resident shall be referred to an appropriate assessment agency.

 (b)  Prescription medication that is not self-administered by a resident shall be administered by one of the following:

   (1)  A physician, licensed dentist, licensed physician’s assistant, registered nurse, certified registered nurse practitioner, licensed practical nurse or licensed paramedic.

   (2)  A graduate of an approved nursing program functioning under the direct supervision of a professional nurse who is present in the home.

   (3)  A student nurse of an approved nursing program functioning under the direct supervision of a member of the nursing school faculty who is present in the home.

   (4)  A staff person who has completed the medication administration training as specified in §  2600.190 (relating to medication administration training) for the administration of oral; topical; eye, nose and ear drop prescription medications; insulin injections and epinephrine injections for insect bites or other allergies.

 (c)  Medication administration includes the following activities, based on the needs of the resident:

   (1)  Identify the correct resident.

   (2)  If indicated by the prescriber’s orders, measure vital signs and administer medications accordingly.

   (3)  Remove the medication from the original container.

   (4)  Crush or split the medication as ordered by the prescriber.

   (5)  Place the medication in a medication cup or other appropriate container, or in the resident’s hand.

   (6)  Place the medication in the resident’s hand, mouth or other route as ordered by the prescriber, in accordance with the limitations specified in subsection (b)(4).

   (7)  Complete documentation in accordance with §  2600.187 (relating to medication records).

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