Pennsylvania Code & Bulletin
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA

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The Pennsylvania Code website reflects the Pennsylvania Code changes effective through 52 Pa.B. 2550 (April 23, 2022).

67 Pa. Code § 153.5. Subreferenced SAE Standards and Recommended Practices.

§ 153.5. Subreferenced SAE Standards and Recommended Practices.

 (a)  SAE Standards and Recommended Practices subreferenced by the SAE Standards and Recommended Practices included in Tables I and III of Appendix A and §  153.4(a)(4) and (e)(1) (relating to requirements) are those published in the 1970 edition of the SAE Handbook, except that the SAE Standard referred to as ‘‘J599’’ is J599c, ‘‘Lighting Inspection Code,’’ March 1973, and the subreferenced SAE Standard referred to as ‘‘J575’’ is J575e, ‘‘Tests for Motor Vehicle Lighting Devices and Components,’’ August 1970, for tail lamps, stop lamps, and turn signal lamps designed to conform to SAE Standard J585d, J586c, and J588e respectively.

 (b)  Requirements of SAE Standards incorporated by reference in this chapter, other than J576b and J576c, shall not include tests for warpage of devices with plastic lenses.

APPENDIX A





TABLE I.—REQUIRED MOTOR VEHICLE LIGHTING EQUIPMENT
MULTIPURPOSE PASSENGER VEHICLES, TRUCKS, TRAILERS, AND BUSES, OF 80 OR MORE INCHES OVERALL WIDTH


ItemMultipurpose passenger vehicles,
trucks, and buses
TrailersApplicable SAE standard
or recommended practice
Headlamps…2 white, 7-inch, Type 2 headlamp units; or 2 white, 5¾-inch, Type I headlamp units and 2 white 5¾-inch, Type 2 headlamp units.None…J580a, June 1966; J579a, August 1965; and J566, January 1960.
Taillamps…2 red…2 red…J585d, August 1970.
Stoplamps…2 red 12 red 1J586c, August 1970.
License plate lamp…1 white 21 white 1J587d, March 1969.
Reflex reflectors…4 red; 2 amber 64 red; 2 amber…J594e, March 1970.
Side marker lamps…2 red; 2 amber 62 red; 2 amber…J592e, July 1972.
Backup lamp…1 white 3None…J593c, February 1968.
Turn signal lamps…2 red or amber; 2 amber 32 red or amber…J588e, September 1970.
Turn signal operating unit.1…None…J589, April 1964.
Turn signal flasher…1 5None…J590b, October 1965.
Vehicular hazard warning signal operating unit.1…None…J910, January 1966.
Vehicular hazard warning signal flasher.1 5None…J945, February 1966.
Identification lamps…3 amber; 3 red 63 red…J592e, July 1972.
Clearance lamps…2 amber; 2 red 62 amber, 2 red…J592e, July 1972.
Intermediate side marker lamps.2 amber 42 amber 4J592e, July 1972.
Intermediate reflex reflectors.2 amber 42 amber 4J594e, March 1970.

   1 See S4.1.1.6.…2 See S4.1.1.10.…3 See S4.5.6.…4 See S4.1.1.3.…5 See S4.4.2.…6 See S4.1.1.2

APPENDIX A (Continued)


   TABLE II.—LOCATION OF REQUIRED EQUIPMENT
MULTIPURPOSE PASSENGER VEHICLES, TRUCKS, TRAILERS, AND BUSES, OF 80 OR MORE INCHES OVERALL WIDTH


Height above road
Location on—surface measured from
Multipurpose passenger vehicles
Trailers
center of item on
Itemtrucks, and buses
vehicle at curb weight
Headlamps…Type 1 headlamps at the same height, 1 on each side of the vertical centerline; Type 2 headlamps at the same height, 1 on each side of the vertical centerline; as far apart as practicable.Not required…Not less than 24 inches, nor more than 54 inches.
Taillamps…On the rear, 1 on each side of the vertical centerline, at the same height, and as far apart as practicable.On the rear, 1 on each side of the vertical centerline, at the same height, and as far apart as practicable.Not less than 15 inches, nor more than 72 inches.
Stop lamps…On the rear, 1 on each side of the vertical centerline, at the same height, and as far apart as practicable.On the rear, 1 on each side of the vertical centerline, at the same height, and as far apart as practicable.Not less than 15 inches, nor more than 72 inches.
License plate lamp…At rear license plate, to illuminate the plate from the top or sides.At rear license plate, to illuminate the plate from the top or sides.No requirement.
Backup lamp…On the rear…Not required…No requirement.
Turn signal lamps…At or near the front—1 amber on each side of the vertical centerline at the same height, and as far apart as practicable.On the rear—1 red or amber on each side of the vertical centerline, at the same height, and as far apart as practicable.Not less than 15 inches, nor more than 83 inches.
On the rear—1 red or amber on each side of the vertical centerline, at the same height, and as far apart as practicable.
Identification lamps…On the front and rear—3 lamps, amber in front, red in rear, as close as practicable to the top of the vehicle, at the same height, as close as practicable to the vertical centerline, with lamp centers spaced not less than 6 inches or more than 12 inches apart.On the rear—3 lamps as close as practicable to the top of the vehicle at the same height, as close as practicable to the vertical centerline, with lamp centers spaced not less than 6 inches or more than 12 inches apart.No requirement.
Clearance lamps…On the front and rear—2 amber lamps on front, 2 red lamps on rear, to indicate the overall width of the vehicle, one on each side of the vertical centerline, at the same height, and as near the top as practicable.1On the front and rear—2 amber lamps on front, 2 red lamps on rear, to indicate the overall width of the vehicle, one on each side of the vertical centerline, at the same height, and as near the top thereof as practicable.2 3 4No requirement.
Intermediate side marker lamps. On each side—1 amber lamp located at or near the midpoint between the front and rear side marker lamps.On each side—1 amber lamp located at or near the midpoint between the front and rear side marker lamps.Not less than 15 inches.
Intermediate side reflex reflectors.On each side—1 amber located at or near the midpoint between the front and rear side reflex reflectors.On each side—1 amber located at or near the midpoint between the front and rear side reflex reflectors.Not less than 15 inches nor more than 60 inches.
Reflex reflectors…On the rear—1 red on each side of the vertical centerline, as far apart as practicable, and at the same height.3On the rear—1 red on each side of the vertical centerline, as far apart as practicable, and at the same height.Not less than 15 inches nor more than 60 inches.
On each side—1 red as far to the rear as practicable, and 1 amber as far to the front as practicable.On each side—1 red as far to the rear as practicable, an 1 amber as far to the front as practicable.
Side marker lamps…On each side—1 red as far to the rear as practicable, and 1 amber as far to the front as practicable.On each side—1 red as far to the rear as practicable, and 1 amber as far to the front as practicable.Not less than 15 inches.

   1 See S4.3.1.6.

   2 See S4.3.1.2.

   3 See S4.3.1.4.

   4 See S4.1.1.9.

APPENDIX A (Continued)


   TABLE III—REQUIRED MOTOR VEHICLE LIGHTING EQUIPMENT
ALL PASSENGER CARS AND MOTORCYCLES, AND MULTIPURPOSE PASSENGER VEHICLES, TRUCKS, TRAILERS
AND BUSES, OF LESS THAN 80 INCHES OVERALL WIDTH


Item
Passenger cars, multipurpose passenger vehicles, trucks and busesTrailers
Motorcycles
Applicable SAE standard or
 recommended practice
Headlamps … 2 white, 7-inch, Type 2 headlamp units, or 2 white, 5 1/4-inch, Type 1 headlamp units and 2 white, 5 1/4-inch, Type 2 headlamp units.J580a, June 1966, J579a, August 1965, and J566, January 1960.
1 white … J584, April 1964 and J566, January 1960.
Taillamps … 2 red … 2 red 141 red … J585d, August 1970.
Stoplamps … 2 red 1 2 2 red 1 141 red 1 J586c, August 1970.
License plate lamp … 1 white 3 1 white 3 1 white 3 J587d, March 1969.
Parking lamps … 2 amber or white 4None … None … J222, December 1970.
Reflex reflectors … 4 red; 2 amber 54 red;
2 amber 11 12
3 red;
2 amber
J594e, March 1970.
Intermediate side reflex reflectors.2 amber 92 amber 9None … J594e, March 1970.
Intermediate side marker lamps.2 amber 92 amber 9None … J592e, July 1972.
Side marker lamps … 2 red; 2 amber 3 2 red; 2 amber 15None … J592e, July 1972.
Backup lamp … 1 white 3 11None … None … J593e, July 1972.
Turn signal lamps … 2 red or amber; 2 amber 3 62 red or amber … 2 amber, 2 red
or amber 12
J588e, September 1970.
Turn signal operating unit.1 7 8 10None … 1 12J589, April 1964.
Turn signal flasher … 1 6None … 1 12J590b, October 1965.
Vehicular hazard warning signal operating signal.1 … None … None … J910, January 1966.
Vehicular hazard warning signal flasher.1 6None … None … J945, February 1966.

   1 See S4.1.1.6.   2 See S4.1.1.7.   3 See S4.1.1.10.   4 See S4.1.1.11.   5 See S4.1.1.2.   6 See S4.4.2.
7 See S4.5.6.    8 See S4.1.1.5.   9 See S4.1.1.3.   10 See S4.1.1.15.   11 See S4.1.1.17.  12 See S4.1.1.18.

APPENDIX A (Continued)


   TABLE IV—LOCATION OF REQUIRED EQUIPMENT
ALL PASSENGER CARS AND MOTORCYCLES, AND MULTIPURPOSE PASSENGER VEHICLES, TRUCKS,
TRAILERS AND BUSES OF LESS THAN 80 INCHES OVERALL WIDTH


Location on
Height above road surface
Item
Passenger cars, multipurpose passenger vehicles, trucks, trailers and busesMotorcycles
 measured from center of item on vehicle at curb weight
Column 1
Column 2
Column 3
Column 4
Headlamps … Type 1 headlamps at the same height, 1 on each side of the vertical centerline; Type 2 headlamps at the same height 1 on each side of the vertical centerline; as far apart as practicable.On the vertical centerline, except that if two are used, they shall be symmetrically disposed about the vertical centerline.Not less than 24 inches, nor more than 54 inches.
Taillamps … On the rear—1 on each side of the vertical centerline, at the same height, and as far apart as practicable. 2 On the rear—on the vertical center- line except that if two are used, they shall be symmetrically disposed about the vertical centerline.Not less than 15 inches, nor more than 72 inches.
Stoplamps … On the rear—1 on each side of the vertical centerline, at the same height, and as far apart as practicable. 2 On the rear—on the vertical center- line except that if two are used, they shall be symmetrically disposed about the vertical centerline.Not less than 15 inches, nor more than 72 inches.
License plate lamp.At rear license plate, to illuminate the plate from the top or sides.At rear license plate … No requirement.
Parking lamps.On the front—1 on each side of the
vertical centerline, at the same
height, and as far apart as
practicable.
Not required … Not less than 15 inches, no more than 72 inches.

APPENDIX A (Continued)


   TABLE IV—LOCATION OF REQUIRED EQUIPMENT—Continued.
ALL PASSENGER CARS AND MOTORCYCLES, AND MULTIPURPOSE PASSENGER VEHICLES, TRUCKS,
TRAILERS AND BUSES OF LESS THAN 80 INCHES OVERALL WIDTH—Continued


Location on
Height above road surface
Item
Passenger cars, multipurpose passenger vehicles, trucks, trailers and busesMotorcycles
 measured from center of item on vehicle at curb weight
Column 1
Column 2
Column 3
Column 4
Reflex reflectors.On the rear—1 red on each side of the vertical centerline, at the same height, and as far apart as practicable.2
On each side—1 red as far to the rear  as practicable, and 1 amber as far to  the front as practicable. 1
On the rear—1 red on the vertical centerline except that, if two are used on the rear, they shall be symmetrically disposed about the vertical centerline.
On each side—1 red as far to the rear  as practicable, and 1 amber as far to  the front as practicable.
Not less than 15 inches, nor more than 60 inches.
Backup lamp … On the rear … Not required … No requirement.
Turn signal lamps. 1 At or near the front—1 amber on
each side of the vertical centerline,
at the same height, and as far apart
as practicable.
On the rear—1 red or amber on each
 side of the vertical centerline, at the
 same height, and as far apart as
 practicable.
At or near the front—1 amber on
each side of the vertical centerline
at the same height, and having a
minimum horizontal separation
distance (centerline of lamps) of
16 inches. Minimum edge to edge
separation distance between lamp
and headlamp is 4 inches.
At or near the rear—1 red or amber  on each side of the vertical centerline, at the same height and having a minimum horizontal separation distance (centerline to centerline of lamps) of 9 inches. Minimum edge to edge separation distance between lamp and tail or stop lamp is 4 inches.
Not less than 15 inches, nor more than 83 inches.
Side marker lamps.On each side—1 red as far to the rear
as practicable, and 1 amber as far
to the front as practicable.
Not required … Not less than 15 inches.
Intermediate side marker lamps.On each side—1 amber located at or
near the midpoint between the front
and rear side marker lamps.
Not required … Not less than 15 inches.
Intermediate side marker reflectors.On each side—1 amber located at or
near the midpoint between the front
and rear side marker reflectors.
Not required … Not less than 15 inches, nor more than 60 inches.
 1 Front turn signal lamps not required for trailers.
 NOTE: (1) The term ‘‘overall width’’ refers to the nominal design dimension of the widest part of the vehicle, exclusive of signal lamps, marker lamps, outside rearview mirrors, flexible fender extensions, and mud flaps, determine with doors and windows closed, and the wheels in the straight-ahead position.
 This supersedes the interpretation of the term ‘‘overall width’’ appearing in the FEDERAL REGISTER of March 1, 1967 (32 Fed. Reg. 3390).
 (2) Paragraph S3.1 and Tables I and III of §  571.108 as amended (32 Fed. Reg. 18033, Dec. 16, 1967), specify that certain lamp assemblies shall conform to applicable SAE Standards. Each of these basically referenced standards subreferences both SAE Standard J575 (tests for motor vehicle lighting devices and components) which in turn references SAE Standard J573 on bulbs, and SAE Standard J567 on bulb sockets.
 2 See S4.1.1.18.
 (3) Paragraph C of SAE Standard J575 states in part: ‘‘Where special bulbs are specified, they should be submitted with the devices and the same or similar bulbs used in the tests and operated at their rated mean spherical candlepower.’’ The Administrator has determined that this provision of SAE Standard J575 permits the use of special bulbs, including tubular-type bulbs, which do not conform to the detailed requirements of Table I of SAE Standard J573. It follows that the sockets for special bulbs need not conform to the detailed requirements of SAE Standard J567. These provisions for special bulbs in no way except the lamp assemblies from meeting all performance requirements specified in Federal Standard No. 108, including those specified in the basically referenced SAE Standards, and in the subreferenced SAE Standard J575.
[41 Fed. Reg. 33522, Aug. 23, 1976]




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