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The Pennsylvania Code website reflects the Pennsylvania Code changes effective through 53 Pa.B. 3392 (June 24, 2023).

207 Pa. Code Rule 2.2. Impartiality and Fairness.

Rule 2.2. Impartiality and Fairness.

 A judge shall uphold and apply the law, and shall perform all duties of judicial office fairly and impartially.


   (1) To ensure impartiality and fairness to all parties, a judge must be objective and open-minded.

   (2) Although each judge comes to the bench with a unique background and personal philosophy, a judge must interpret and apply the law without regard to whether the judge approves or disapproves of the law in question. This comment is not intended to restrict the appropriate functions of the courts in statutory or common law review.

   (3) When applying and interpreting the law, a judge sometimes may make good-faith errors of fact or law. Errors of this kind do not violate this Rule.

   (4) It is not a violation of this Rule for a judge to make reasonable accommodations to ensure pro se litigants the opportunity to have their matters heard fairly and impartially.

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