## Rule 1910.16-4. Support Guidelines. Calculation of Support Obligation, Formula.

(a) The trier-of-fact shall use either the subdivision (1) or subdivision (2) formula to calculate the obligor’s share of basic child support, either from the schedule in Pa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-3 or the formula in Pa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-3.1(a), as well as spousal support and alimony

pendente liteobligations. In high-income cases, the trier-of-fact shall use either the subdivision (1)(Part B) or subdivision (2)(Part IV) formula, as appropriate, as a preliminary analysis in the calculation of spousal support or alimonypendente liteobligations.(1) The formula in Parts A through E is for an order entered on or after January 1, 2019, or for a modification of an order entered before January 1, 2019 that includes spousal support or alimony

pendente litein which the amendments to the Internal Revenue Code made by Section 11051 of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (Pub.L. No. 115-97) expressly apply.

Official Note

Section 11051 of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (Pub.L. No. 115-97) amended the Internal Revenue Code by repealing the alimony deduction—the amount of spousal support, alimony

pendente lite, and alimony paid or received—from the payor’s gross income and the alimony inclusion into the payee’s gross income.

Seesubdivision (2) for a modification of an order entered before January 1, 2019 that includes spousal support or alimonypendente litein which the amendments to the Internal Revenue Code made by Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (Pub.L. No. 115-97) do not apply to the modification.

PART A. CALCULATION OF MONTHLY NET INCOME

OBLIGOR OBLIGEE 1. Total Gross Income per pay period ( SeePa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-2(a))2. Deductions ( SeePa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-2(c))(

)(

)3. Net Income (line 1 minus line 2) 4. Conversion to Monthly Net Income (if pay period is other than monthly)

PART B. SPOUSAL SUPPORT OR ALIMONY PENDENTE LITE

Without

Dependent

ChildrenWith

Dependent

Children5. Obligor’s Monthly Net Income (line 4) 6. Obligor’s child support, spousal support, alimony pendente liteor alimony obligations to children or former spouses who are not part of this action, if any. (SeePa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-2(c)(2))(

)(

)7. Obligor’s Net Income available for spousal support or alimony pendente lite(line 5 minus line 6)8. Obligor’s Net Income percentage for spousal support or alimony pendente litex 33%

x 25%

9. Obligor’s proportionate share of spousal support or alimony pendente lite(line 7 multiplied by line 8)10. Obligee’s Monthly Net Income (line 4) 11. Obligee’s Net Income percentage for spousal support or alimony pendente litex 40%

x 30%

12. Obligee’s proportionate share of spousal support or alimony pendente lite(line 10 multiplied by line 11)13. Preliminary Monthly Spousal Support or Alimony Pendente Liteamount (line 9 minus line 12—if the result is less than zero, enter a zero on line 13)14. Adjustments for Part E Additional Expenses ( SeePa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-6)15. Total Monthly Spousal Support or Alimony Pendente LiteAmount (line 13 plus or minus line 14, as appropriate)

PART C - BASIC CHILD SUPPORT

OBLIGOR OBLIGEE 16. Monthly Net Income (line 4 and add the child’s monthly Social Security Disability or Retirement Derivative benefit amount, if any, to the Monthly Net Income of the party receiving the benefit pursuant to Pa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-2(b)(2)(i) or (ii). 17. Preliminary Monthly Spousal Support or Alimony Pendente Liteamount, if any. (line 13)(

)+

18. Adjusted Monthly Net Income (for obligor, line 16 minus line 17; for obligee, line 16 plus line 17) 19. Combined Monthly Net Income (obligor’s line 18 plus obligee’s line 18) 20. Basic Child Support Obligation (determined from child support schedules in Pa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-3 based on the number of children and line 19) 21. Net Income expressed as a percentage of Combined Monthly Net Income (line 18 divided by line 19 and multiplied by 100) % % 22. Preliminary Monthly Basic Child Support Obligation (line 20 multiplied by line 21) 23. Child’s Social Security Derivative Disability or Retirement Benefit. (if the benefits are paid to the obligee, enter the benefit amount on the line for the party whose retirement or disability created the child’s benefit pursuant to Pa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-2(b)) 24. Adjusted Monthly Basic Child Support Obligation (line 22 minus line 23—if the result is less than zero, enter a zero on line 24)

PART D. SUBSTANTIAL OR SHARED PHYSICAL CUSTODY ADJUSTMENT, IF APPLICABLE (Seesubdivision (c))

25. a. Percentage of time obligor spends with children (divide number of overnights with the obligor by 365 and multiply by 100) % b. Subtract 30% ( 30%) c. Difference (line 25a minus line 25b) %

d. Obligor’s Adjusted Percentage Share of the Basic Monthly Support Obligation (line 21 minus line 25c) %

e. Obligor’s Preliminary Adjusted Basic Monthly Support Obligation (line 20 multiplied by line 25d) f. Further adjustment, if necessary under subdivision (c)(2) g. Obligor’s Adjusted Basic Child Support Amount

PART E. ADDITIONAL EXPENSES (See Pa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-6)

26. a. Obligor’s Share of Child Care Expenses b. Obligor’s Share of Health Insurance Premium (if the obligee is paying the premium) c. Obligee’s Share of the Health Insurance Premium (if the obligor is paying the premium) (

)d. Obligor’s Share of Unreimbursed Medical Expenses e. Other Additional Expenses f. Total Additional Expenses (add lines 26a, b, d, and e, then subtract line 26c) 27. Obligor’s Total Monthly Support Obligation (line 24 or 25g plus line 26f, if applicable)

(2) The formula in Parts I through IV is for a modification of an order entered before January 1, 2019 that includes spousal support or alimony

pendente lite.

Official Note

Seesubdivision (1) for an order entered on or after January 1, 2019, or for a modification of an order entered before January 1, 2019 that includes spousal support or alimonypendente litein which the amendments to the Internal Revenue Code made by Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (Pub.L. No. 115-97) expressly apply to the modification.

PART I. BASIC CHILD SUPPORT

OBLIGOR OBLIGEE 1. Total Gross Income Per Pay Period ( SeePa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-2(a))2. Deductions ( SeePa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-2(c))(

)(

)3. Net Income (line 1 minus line 2) 4. Conversion to Monthly Amount (if pay period is other than monthly) Include the child’s monthly Social Security derivative benefit amount, if any, in the monthly net income of the party receiving the benefit pursuant to Pa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-2(b)(2)(i) or (ii). 5. Combined Total Monthly Net Income (obligor’s line 4 plus obligee’s line 4) 6. Basic Child Support Obligation (determined from schedule at Pa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-3 based on number of children and line 5 7. Net Income Expressed as a Percentage Share of Income (divide line 4 by line 5 and multiply by 100) % % 8. Each Party’s Preliminary Monthly Share of the Basic Child Support Obligation (multiply line 6 and 7) 9. Child’s Social Security Derivative Disability or Retirement Benefit (if the benefits are paid to the obligee, enter the benefit amount on the line for the party whose retirement or disability created the child’s benefit) 10. Each Party’s Adjusted Monthly Share of the Basic Child Support Obligation (line 8 minus line 9—if the result is less than zero, enter a zero on line 10)

PART II. SUBSTANTIAL OR SHARED PHYSICAL CUSTODY ADJUSTMENT, IF APPLICABLE (Seesubdivision (c))

11. a. Percentage of Time Obligor Spends with Children (divide number of overnights with the obligor by 365 and multiply by 100) % b. Subtract 30% ( %) c. Obligor’s Adjusted Percentage Share of the Basic Monthly Support Obligation (subtract result of calculation in line 11b from line 7) % d. Obligor’s Preliminary Adjusted Share of the Basic Monthly Support Obligation (multiply line 11c and line 6) e. Further adjustment, if necessary under subdivision (c)(2) f. Obligor’s Adjusted Share of the Basic Child Support Amount (Total of line 11d and line 11e)

PART III. ADDITIONAL EXPENSES (SeePa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-6)

12. a. Obligor’s Share of Child Care Expenses b. Obligor’s Share of Health Insurance Premium (if the obligee is paying the premium) c. Obligee’s Share of the Health Insurance Premium (if the obligor is paying the premium) (

)d. Obligor’s Share of Unreimbursed Medical Expenses e. Other Additional Expenses f. Total Additional Expenses (add lines 12a, b, d, and e, then subtract line 12c) 13. Obligor’s Total Monthly Support Obligation (add line 10 or 11f and line 12f, if applicable)

PART IV. SPOUSAL SUPPORT OR APL with dependent children

14. Obligor’s Monthly Net Income (line 4) 15. Obligor’s Support, Alimony Pendente Liteor Alimony Obligations, to Children or Former Spouses who are not part of this action, if any (SeePa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-2(c)(2))(

)16. Obligee’s Monthly Net Income (line 4) (

)17. Difference (line 14 minus lines 15 and 16) 18. Obligor’s Total Monthly Child Support Obligation without Part II Substantial or Shared Custody Adjustment, if any (Obligor’s line 10 plus line 12f) (

)19. Difference (line 17 minus line 18) 20. Multiply by 30% x 30% 21. Monthly Spousal Support or APL Amount (line 19 multiplied by line 20) Without Dependent Children22. Obligor’s Monthly Net Income (line 4) 23. Obligor’s Support, Alimony Pendente Liteor Alimony Obligations to Children or Former Spouses who are not part of this action, if any (Pa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-2(c)(2))(

)24. Obligee’s Monthly Net Income (line 4) (

)25. Difference (line 22 minus lines 23 and 24) 26. Multiply by 40% x 40% 27. Preliminary Monthly Spousal Support or APL amount (line 25 multiplied by line 26) 28. Adjustments for Other Expenses ( SeePa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-6) (line 12f)29. Total Monthly Spousal Support or APL amount (line 27 plus or minus line 28, as appropriate)

(b)

Order For More Than Six Children.When there are more than six children who are the subject of a single order, the child support obligation shall be calculated as follows. First, determine the appropriate amount of support for six children under the guidelines. Using the same income figures, subtract the support amount for five children from the amount for six children. Multiply the difference by the number of children in excess of six and add the resulting amount to the guideline amount for six children.(c)

Substantial or Shared Physical Custody.(1) When the children spend 40% or more of their time during the year with the obligor, a rebuttable presumption arises that the obligor is entitled to a reduction in the basic support obligation to reflect this time. This rebuttable presumption also applies in high income cases decided pursuant to Rule 1910.16-3.1. Except as provided in subsection (2) below, the reduction shall be calculated pursuant to the formula set forth in Part II of subdivision (a) of this rule. For purposes of this provision, the time spent with the children shall be determined by the number of overnights they spend during the year with the obligor.

Example.If the obligor and the obligee have monthly net incomes of $5,000 and $2,300, respectively, their combined child support obligation is $1,701 for two children. Using the income shares formula in Part I, the obligor’s share of this obligation is 68%, or $1,157. If the children spend 40% of their time with the obligor, the formula in Part II applies to reduce his or her percentage share of the combined support obligation to 58%, or $987. If the children spend 45% of their time with the obligor, his or her percentage share of the combined obligation is reduced to 53%, or $902. If the children spend equal time with both parents, the obligor’s percentage share is reduced to 48%, or $816.(2) Without regard to which parent initiated the support action, when the children spend equal time with their parents, the Part II formula cannot be applied unless the obligor is the parent with the higher income. An order shall not be entered requiring the parent with the lower income to pay basic child support to the parent with the higher income. However, this subdivision shall not preclude the entry of an order requiring the parent with less income to contribute to additional expenses pursuant to Pa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-6. Based upon the evidence presented, the trier of fact may enter an order against either party without regard to which party initiated the action. If the parties share custody equally and the support calculation results in the obligee receiving a larger share of the parties’ combined income, then the court shall adjust the support obligation so that the combined monthly net income is allocated equally between the two households. In those cases, spousal support or alimony

pendente liteshall not be awarded.

Example 1.Mother and Father have monthly net incomes of $3,000 and $2,700, respectively. Mother has filed for support for the parties’ two children with whom the parties share time equally. As the parties have equal custody and Mother has the higher income, Mother cannot be the obligee. Although Mother initiated the support action, she would be the obligor. Pursuant to the basic child support schedule in Pa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-3, the support amount for two children at the parties’ combined monthly net income level is $1,487 per month. Mother’s share is 53% of that amount, or $788. Father’s share is 47%, or $699. Application of lines 11a and 11b of the Part II formula results in a 20% reduction in support when the obligor has 50% custody of the children. Mother’s adjusted percentage share of the basic support amount is 33% (53% - 20% = 33%). Her adjusted share of the basic support amount is $491 (33% of $1,487). However, as this amount would result in Father having a greater share of the parties’ combined monthly net income ($3,191 vs. $2,509), Mother’s support obligation would be adjusted to $150 per month to allocate the parties’ combined monthly net income equally between the two households and would be the presumptive amount of basic support payable to Father under these circumstances.

Example 2. If the obligor and the obligee have monthly net incomes of $3,000 and $2,500, respectively, then their combined child support obligation for two children is $1,463. The obligor’s share of this obligation is 55%, or $805 ($1,463 x 55%). If the children spend equal time with the parents, the formula in Part II results in a support obligation of $512 ($1,463 x 35%) payable to the obligee. Since this amount results in the obligee having monthly net income of $3,012 and the obligor having monthly net income of $2,488, the obligor’s support obligation would be adjusted to $250 to equalize the combined monthly net income between the parties’ households and would be the presumptive amount of basic support payable to the obligee under these circumstances.(d)

Divided or Split Physical Custody. When Each Party Owes Child Support to the Other Party. Varied Partial or Shared Custodial Schedules.(1)

Divided or Split Physical Custody. When Each Party Owes Child Support to the Other Party. When calculating a child support obligation and each party owes child support to the other party as a result of the custodial arrangement, the court shall offset the parties’ respective child support obligations and award the net difference to the obligee as child support.

Example 1.If the parties have three children, one child resides with Mother and two children reside with Father, and their monthly net incomes are $4,000 and $2,000 respectively, Mother’s child support obligation is calculated using the schedule in Pa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-3 for two children at the parties’ combined monthly net income of $6,000. The amount of basic child support to be apportioned between the parties is $1,523. As Mother’s income is 67% of the parties’ combined monthly net income, Mother’s support obligation for the two children living with Father is $1,020. Father’s child support obligation is calculated using the schedule in Pa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-3 for one child at the parties’ combined monthly net income of $6,000. The amount of basic child support to be apportioned between the parties is $1,071. Father’s support obligation for the child living with Mother is $353. Subtracting $353 from $1,020 produces a net basic support amount of $667 payable to Father as child support.

Example 2.If the parties have two children, one child resides with Mother and the parties share custody (50% - 50%) of the other child, and the parties’ monthly net incomes are as set forth in Example 1. The child support obligation is calculated using the schedule in Pa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-3 for the one child primarily residing with Mother at the parties’ combined monthly net income of $6,000, the amount of basic child support to be apportioned between the parties is $1,071. Father’s income is 33% of the parties’ combined monthly net income, and the support obligation for the child living with Mother is $353. For Mother’s obligation for the child with the 50% - 50% shared custody arrangement, using the schedule in Pa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-3 for one child at the parties’ combined monthly net income of $6,000, the amount of basic child support to be apportioned between the parties is $1,071. Mother’s proportionate share of the combined monthly net incomes is 67%, but it is reduced to 47% after applying the shared parenting time adjustment for 50% custody under subdivision (c). Mother’s child support obligation for the shared custody child is $503 ($1,071 x 47%). As Mother’s obligation is greater than Father’s obligation, Father is the obligee and receives the net of the two obligations by subtracting $353 from $503, or $150.(2)

Varied Partial or Shared Custodial Schedules.When the parties have more than one child and each child spends either (a) different amounts of partial or shared custodial time with the party with the higher income or (b) different amounts of partial custodial time with the party with the lower income, the trier of fact shall add the percentage of time each child spends with that party and divide by the number of children to determine the party’s percentage of custodial time. If the average percentage of custodial time the children spend with the party is 40% or more, the provisions of subdivision (c) apply.

Example 1.The parties have two children and one child spends 50% of the time with Mother, who has the higher income, and the other child spends 20% of the time with Mother. Add those percentages together and divide by the number of children (50% plus 20% = 70% divided by 2 children = 35% average time with Mother). Pursuant to subdivision (c), Mother does not receive a reduction in the support order for substantial parenting time.

Example 2.The parties have three children. Two children spend 50% of the time with Mother, who has the higher income, and the third child spends 30% of the time with Mother. Add the percentages of custodial time for all three children together and divide by the number of children (50% plus 50% plus 30% = 130% divided by three children = 43.33% average percentage of time with Mother). Pursuant to subdivision (c), Mother receives a reduction in the support order for substantial parenting time.

Example 3.The parties have three children, Mother has primary custody (60% - 40%) of one child, Father has primary custody (60% - 40%) of one child, and the parties share custody (50% - 50%) of the third child. The parties’ monthly net incomes are $2,500 (Mother) and $2,000 (Father). As a result of the custodial arrangement, Father owes support for the child in the primary custody of Mother and Mother owes support for the child in the primary custody of Father and for the child shared equally between the parties. Father’s child support obligation is calculated using the schedule in Pa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-3 for one child at the parties’ combined monthly net income of $4,500. The amount of basic child support to be apportioned between the parties is $940. Father’s proportionate share of the combined monthly net incomes is 44%, but is reduced to 34% after applying the shared parenting time adjustment for 40% custody under subdivision (c). Father’s child support obligation for this child is $320 ($940 x 34%). Mother’s child support obligation is calculated using the schedule in Pa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-3 for two children at the parties’ combined monthly net income of $4,500. The amount of basic child support to be apportioned between the parties is $1,349. Mother has varying partial or shared custody of the two children (40% and 50%). Under subdivision (d)(2), the custodial time is averaged or in this case 45%. Mother’s proportionate share of the combined monthly net incomes is 56%, but it is reduced to 41% after applying the shared parenting time adjustment for 45% custody under subdivision (c). Mother’s child support obligation for these children is $553 ($1,349 x 41%). Offsetting the support amounts consistent with subdivision (d)(1), Mother’s obligation is greater than Father’s obligation, and Father is the obligee receiving the net of the two obligations by subtracting $320 from $553, or $233.

Official Note

In cases with more than one child and varied partial or shared custodial schedules, it is not appropriate to perform a separate calculation for each child and offset support amounts as that method does not consider the incremental increases in support for more than one child built into the schedule of basic child support.

(3) When calculating a combined child support and spousal or alimony

pendente liteobligation and one or more children reside with each party, the court shall offset the obligor’s spousal and child support obligation with the obligee’s child support obligation and award the net difference to the obligee as spousal and child support. If one or more of the children resides with each party then, in calculating the spousal support or alimonypendente liteobligation, the court shall deduct from the obligor’s income both the support owed for the child or children residing with the obligee, as well as the direct support the obligor provides to the child or children living with the obligor, calculated in accordance with the guidelines as if the child or children were not living with the obligor.(e)

Support Obligations When Custodial Parent Owes Spousal Support.If children are residing with the spouse (custodial parent) obligated to pay spousal support or alimonypendente liteand the other spouse (non-custodial parent) has a legal obligation to support the children, the guideline spousal support or alimonypendente liteamount is determined by offsetting the non-custodial parent’s child support amount and the custodial parent’s spousal support or alimonypendente liteamount, and awarding the net difference either to the non-custodial parent as spousal support/alimonypendente liteor to the custodial parent as child support as the circumstances warrant. The calculation is a five-step process:(1) Calculate the custodial parent’s spousal support or alimony

pendente liteobligation to the non-custodial parent based on the parties’ monthly net incomes using the ‘‘without dependent children’’ formula in either Pa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-4(a)(1)(Part B) or (2)(Part IV), as appropriate.(2) Recalculate the parties’ monthly net incomes by adjusting for the spousal support or alimony

pendente litepayment paid or received in (1).(3) Using the recomputed monthly net incomes from (2), calculate the non-custodial parent’s child support obligation to the custodial parent.

(4) The final support amount is the difference calculated in (1) and (3).

(i) If the amount in (1) is greater than the amount in (3), the final amount is spousal support or alimony

pendente litepayable to the non-custodial parent.(ii) If the amount in (1) is less than the amount in (3), the final amount is child support payable to the custodial parent.

(5) If the proceeding is a modification of an order entered before January 1, 2019 that has federal tax consequences associated with spousal support or alimony

pendente litepayments and the final order is spousal support or alimonypendente liteas in (4)(i), the offset spousal support or alimonypendente liteamount is federally taxable, and the trier-of-fact may deviate the final order due to the tax effect, as appropriate.

Official Note

SeePa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-4.

Explanatory Comment—2005Pa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-4(a) sets forth the income shares formula used to establish the support obligation. Subdivision (b) provides the method for calculating support for seven or more children as the basic support schedule in Pa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-3 sets forth the presumptive amount of support for up to six children.

Subdivision (c) sets forth the method for calculating the presumptive amount of support in cases where the children spend 40% or more of their time during the year with the obligor. When there is equal time sharing, subdivision (2) reduces the support obligation further so that the obligor does not pay more than is necessary to equalize the parties’ combined monthly net income between the two households. Subdivision (3) expressly excludes SSR cases from the application of this rule. Since the SSR already reduces support to a minimal level, a further reduction should not be given for the amount of time spent with the children.

Subdivision (d) relates to the calculation of support in divided or split custody cases. It retains the existing method for offsetting the parties’ respective support obligations when one or more of the children resides with each party.

Subdivision (e) governs spousal support obligations when the custodial parent owes spousal support. It has not been amended, other than to update the example to be consistent with the new schedule at Pa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-3.

Explanatory Comment—2010The basic support schedule incorporates an assumption that the children spend 30% of the time with the obligor and that the obligor makes direct expenditures on their behalf during that time. Variable expenditures, such as food and entertainment, that fluctuate based upon parenting time were adjusted in the schedule to build in the assumption of 30% parenting time. Upward deviation should be considered in cases in which the obligor has little or no contact with the children. However, an upward deviation may not be appropriate if an obligor has infrequent overnight contact with the child, but provides meals and entertainment during daytime contact. Fluctuating expenditures should be considered rather than the extent of overnight time. A downward deviation may be appropriate when the obligor incurs substantial fluctuating expenditures during parenting time but has infrequent overnights with the children.

The calculation in Pa.R.C.P. No. 1910.16-4(c) reduces an obligor’s support obligation further if the obligor spends significantly more time with the children. The obligor will receive an additional 10% reduction in the amount of support owed at 40% parenting time, increasing incrementally to a 20% reduction at 50% parenting time. This method still may result in a support obligation even if custody of the children is equally shared. In those cases, the rule provides for a maximum obligation so that the obligee does not receive a larger portion of the parties’ combined monthly net income than the obligor.

SourceThe provisions of this Rule 1910.16-4 adopted September 6, 1989, effective September 30, 1989, 19 Pa.B. 4151; amended January 27, 1993, effective immediately, 23 Pa.B. 701; amended December 7, 1998, effective April 1, 1999, 28 Pa.B. 6162; corrected February 5, 1999, effective April 1, 1999, 29 Pa.B. 645; amended March 2, 2000, effective immediately, 30 Pa.B. 1646; amended October 27, 2000, effective immediately, 30 Pa.B. 5837; amended June 5, 2001, effective immediately, 31 Pa.B. 3306; amended October 30, 2001, effective immediately, 31 Pa.B. 6273; amended September 24, 2002, effective immediately, 32 Pa.B. 5044; amended November 9, 2004, effective immediately, 34 Pa.B. 6315; amended May 17, 2005, effective immediately, 35 Pa.B. 3216 and 3900; amended September 27, 2005, effective 4 months from the date of this order, 35 Pa.B. 5643; amended January 12, 2010, effective May 12, 2010, 40 Pa.B. 586; amended July 8, 2010, effective September 6, 2010, 40 Pa.B. 4140; amended August 3, 2011, effective in 30 days, 41 Pa.B. 4531; amended August 26, 2011, effective September 30, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 4849, 4851; amended August 3, 2011, effective in 30 days, 41 Pa.B. 6766; amended January 31, 2012, effective February 28, 2012, 42 Pa.B. 930; amended April 9, 2013, effective August 9, 2013, 43 Pa.B. 2272; amended July 2, 2014, effective in 30 days on August 1, 2014, 44 Pa.B. 4476; amended September 25, 2014, effective in 30 days on October 25, 2014, 44 Pa.B. 6553; amended April 29, 2015, effective July 1, 2015, 45 Pa.B. 2352; amended October 14, 2016, effective January 1, 2017, 46 Pa.B. 6817; amended February 10, 2017, effective May 1, 2017, 47 Pa.B. 1123; amended February 9, 2018, effective April 1, 2018, 48 Pa.B. 1093; amended July 30, 2018, effective January 1, 2019, 48 Pa.B. 4960; amended December 28, 2018, effective January 1, 2019, 49 Pa.B. 170. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (386490) to (386494), (390539) to (390540) and (394377) to (394380).

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