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The Pennsylvania Code website reflects the Pennsylvania Code changes effective through 53 Pa.B. 6142 (September 30, 2023).

22 Pa. Code § 711.23. Screening

§ 711.23. Screening

 (a)  Each charter school and cyber charter school shall establish a system of screening which may include prereferral intervention services to accomplish the following:

   (1)  Identification and provision of initial screening for students prior to referral for a special education evaluation, including those services outlined in subsection (c).

   (2)  Provision of peer support for teachers and other staff members to assist them in working effectively with students in the general education curriculum.

   (3)  Identification of students who may need special education services and programs.

 (b)  The screening process must include:

   (1)  Hearing and vision screening in accordance with section 1402 of the Public School Code of 1949 (24 P.S. §  14-1402) for the purpose of identifying students with hearing or vision difficulty so that they can be referred for assistance or recommended for evaluation for special education.

   (2)  Screening at reasonable intervals to determine whether all students are performing based on grade-appropriate standards in core academic subjects.

 (c)  Each charter school and cyber charter school may develop a program of prereferral intervention services. In the case of charter schools and cyber charter schools meeting the criteria in 34 CFR 300.646(b)(2) (relating to disproportionality), as established by the Department, the services are required and include:

   (1)  A verification that the student was provided with appropriate instruction in reading, including the essential components of reading instruction (as defined in section 1208(3) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) (20 U.S.C.A. §  6368(3)), and appropriate instruction in math.

   (2)  For students with academic concerns, an assessment of the student’s performance in relation to State-approved grade level standards.

   (3)  For students with behavioral concerns, a systematic observation of the student’s behavior in the school environment where the student is displaying difficulty.

   (4)  A research-based intervention to increase the student’s rate of learning or behavior change based on the results of the assessments under paragraph (2) or (3), or both.

   (5)  Repeated assessments of achievement or behavior, or both, conducted at reasonable intervals, reflecting formal monitoring of student progress during the interventions.

   (6)  A determination as to whether the student’s assessed difficulties are the result of a lack of instruction or limited English proficiency.

   (7)  A determination as to whether the student’s needs exceed the functional ability of the regular education program to maintain the student at an appropriate instructional level.

   (8)  Documentation that information about the student’s progress as identified in paragraph (5) was periodically provided to the student’s parents.

 (d)  Screening or prereferral intervention activities may not serve as a bar to the right of a parent to request an evaluation, at any time, including prior to or during the conduct of screening or prereferral intervention activities.


   The provisions of this §  711.23 adopted under sections 1732-A(c)(2) and 1749-A(b)(8) of the Charter School Law (24 P. S. 17-1732-A(c)(2) and 17-1749-A(b)(8).


   The provisions of this §  711.23 adopted June 27, 2008, effective July 1, 2008, 38 Pa.B. 3593.

Cross References

   This section cited in 22 Pa. Code §  711.2 (relating to purposes and intent).

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