§ 243.3. Standards for self-insurance plans.
For a plan of self-insurance to meet the standard of section 701(a)(4) of the act (40 P. S. § 1307.701(a)(4)) that it constitutes protection equivalent to the insurance requirements of a health care provider, the plan shall do the following:
(1) Provide a fund, in a form approved by the Commissioner, to be held by a trustee in a segregated and independent account which shall be available only for the payment of claims covered by the basic insurance provided by the act. A separate segregated and independent account within the trust shall be used by the health care provider to pay for expenses such as trustee fees or commissions, legal expenses or other claims for liability other than the basic insurance provided in the act. The funding and reporting requirements only apply to the trust account for the payment of claims covered by the basic insurance provided by the act.
(2) Capitalize the fund for the payment of claims covered by the basic insurance provided by the act using only the following permissible assets:
(i) Direct obligations of the United States GovernmentUnited States Treasury bonds, bills or notes.
(ii) Obligations of Federal government agenciesbonds, debentures or notes such as the following:
(A) Federal Home Loan Bank.
(B) Small Business Administration.
(C) Federal Land Bank.
(D) Federal National Mortgage Association.
(E) Government National Mortgage Association.
(iii) Direct obligations of the CommonwealthCommonwealth general obligation bonds, debentures or notes.
(iv) Obligations of Commonwealth agenciesbonds, debentures or notes for the following:
(A) General State Authority.
(B) Highway and Bridge Authority.
(C) Public School Building Authority.
(D) Higher Education Authority.
(E) State universities.
(v) An interest-bearing deposit or a certificate of deposit in a bank, bank and trust company or savings bank chartered in this Commonwealth which is protected by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
(vi) A savings account or certificate of deposit of a savings association chartered in this Commonwealth which is protected by the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation.
(vii) United States corporations bonds or debentures rated in one of the three highest categories by a nationally recognized securities rating organization.
(viii) Corporate preferred or common stock or shares of a corporation incorporated under the laws of the United States rated in one of the three highest categories by a nationally recognized securities rating organization.
(ix) Short term investment funds managed by major commercial banks chartered in this Commonwealth. A detailed description or listing of the components of the short term investment fund shall be furnished upon application by the health care provider and on a yearly basis thereafter. Submission of details concerning the investment fund may coincide with the financial reporting requirements set forth under § 243.4 (relating to reporting requirements for self-insurance plans).
(x) Surety bonds issued by an insurance company authorized to write surety bonds in this Commonwealth, for which the policy holders rating and financial rating for the company is not less than A and IX, respectively, by Bests Insurance Reports. The total face amount of surety bonds issued by the insurance company may not exceed 10% of the capital and surplus of the insurance company.
(xi) Clear, irrevocable and unconditional letters of credit which may only be utilized to fund asserted claims as defined in paragraph (6).
(3) Ensure that the total market value of assets comprising the account are sufficient to meet the financial requirements applicable to self-insurance.
(4) Secure the prior approval of the Commissioner before adding an asset to the fund that is not set forth in this section.
(5) Provide that the fund contains the following amounts:
(i) In the case of a hospital plan:
(A) Upon the effective date of the self-insurance plan approved by the Commissioner, the fund shall be capitalized at a minimum of $200,000 or an amount equal to the current annual premium charged by an insurer for an occurrence-based policy covering the employes of the hospital except licensed physicians, whichever amount is greater.
(B) On the second anniversary of the effective date of the plan, the capitalization of the fund shall be $325,000 or an amount equal to the current annual premium charged by an insurer for an occurrence-based policy covering the employes of the hospital except licensed physicians, whichever amount is greater.
(C) On the third anniversary of the effective date of the plan, the capitalization of the fund shall be $500,000 or an amount equal to the current annual premium charged by an insurer for an occurrence-based policy covering the employes of the hospital except licensed physicians, whichever amount is greater.
(D) On the sixth anniversary of the effective date of the plan, the capitalization of the fund shall be $1 million.
(ii) In the case of a hospital plan which includes physicians, the Funds capitalization requirements of subparagraph (i)(A)(D) shall be augmented by an amount equal to the total of the annual basic coverage premiums for the physicians that would be charged by a licensed, admitted insurance carrier. If no quote or certified quote equivalent is obtainable from a licensed admitted insurance carrier, the premiums set by the Pennsylvania Joint Underwriting Association may be used.
(iii) In the case of a plan for health care providers other than hospitals, $300,000 upon the effective date of the plan; however, the amount shall be $600,000 for health care providers who conduct 50% or less of their health care business or practice, as defined in section 701(a)(2) of the act (40 P. S. § 1301.701(a)(2)), within this Commonwealth.
(6) Provide that there shall be added to the capitalization of the fund amounts equal to the potential liability, within the limits of basic insurance coverage required by the act, as estimated by procedures established by the self-insurance plan for each asserted claim against the health care provider.
(7) Provide evidence of implementation of a plan of risk management acceptable to the Commissioner, or evidence that the health care provider has implemented a previously approved plan of risk management, which may be offered on a consulting basis by an insurer or risk management consulting firm.
(8) Provide for appropriate coverage if a health care provider terminates a self-insurance plan. After notification of termination to the Department by the health care provider, the fund shall be maintained for 4 years under paragraphs (5) and (6). At the end of the 4-year period, the trustee of the fund may return to the health care provider the amounts deposited under paragraph (5). Amounts deposited under paragraph (6) shall be maintained until final disposition of those claims.
(9) Provide for an agreement that books and records pertaining to a fund, as defined in this section, shall be open for inspection by the Commissioner at reasonable times.
(10) Confer upon the Commissioner the right to require, by order of the Department, compliance by the health care provider and trustee with the trust agreement, the act and current regulations.
(11) Establish a trustee reporting system as follows:
(i) Prior to the initiation of a program year, the health care provider, based on the funding strategy which it develops for that program year, shall provide the trustee with a letter describing the amount of funding to be achieved during that calendar year and the payment plan by which it will be achieved. This subparagraph does not require the trustee to have responsibility for establishing the correctness of the funding level to be used for a program year.
(ii) If the health care provider deviates from the plan funding strategies, it is the duty of the trustee to notify the health care provider, whereupon the health care provider will present the trustee with a reason for having deviated and a plan for adherence to the established schedule. If a deficiency is not eliminated within 60 days of the deviation from adherence to the schedule, the trustee shall promptly notify the Commissioner.
(iii) On a monthly basis, the health care provider shall provide the trustee with a report from an authorized representative of the health care provider stating the total of asserted claims reserves that should be established. It is the trustees duty to compare the reserve levels with the corresponding amounts available in the fund for asserted claims reserves. If a deficiency exists in the amounts available, the trustee shall notify the health care provider promptly. Within 30 days, the health care provider shall in turn notify the trustee of the manner in which it intends to rectify the deficiency. If a deficiency is not eliminated within 60 days of the first notice, the trustee has the duty to notify the Commissioner.
(12) Establish a trustee investment policy to the effect that a trustee, in making or retaining investments, recognizes that the primary objective of the fund is to insure adequate liquidity of the fund for payment of professional liability claims.
(13) Provide in the trust agreement that the agreement may be amended only with the prior approval of the Department.
(14) Provide in the trust agreement that the trustee may resign only with the prior approval of the Department. The current trustee shall continue to assume the trustee duties under the trust agreement until the Department approves a successor trustee who shall assume the duties of the trust agreement.
The provisions of this § 243.3 amended under The Insurance Department Act of 1921 (40 P. S. § § 1321); The Insurance Company Law of 1921 (40 P. S. § § 341991); and sections 206, 506, 1501 and 1502 of The Administrative Code of 1929 (71 P. S. § § 66, 186, 411 and 412); and the Health Care Services Malpractice Act (40 P. S. § § 1301.1011301.1006).
The provisions of this § 243.3 adopted July 1, 1977, effective July 2, 1977, 7 Pa.B. 1816; renumbered February 9, 1979, 9 Pa.B. 498; amended April 13, 1979, effective April 14, 1979, 9 Pa.B. 1289; amended September 18, 1987, effective November 18, 1987, 17 Pa.B. 3742. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (39843) to (39845).
This section cited in 31 Pa. Code § 243.9 (relating to government plan for self-insurance); and 31 Pa. Code § 243.11 (relating to compliance by existing self-insured hospitals).
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