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The Pennsylvania Code website reflects the Pennsylvania Code changes effective through 54 Pa.B. 1806 (March 30, 2024).

34 Pa. Code § 231.61. Procedure.


§ 231.61. Procedure.

 (a)  An employer who wishes to employ students at less than the prescribed minimum wage shall complete an application on a form furnished by the Secretary.

 (b)  If the Secretary finds that the requested employment of students at less than the minimum wage is necessary in order to prevent curtailment of opportunities for employment, the Secretary may issue a certificate to the employer authorizing employment at a wage less than the prescribed minimum rate; provided however, that the wage may not be less than 85% of the otherwise applicable minimum wage established in section 4 of the act (43 P. S. §  333.104).

 (c)  The following two types of special certificates for students may be issued:

   (1)  Six or less students. The employment of six or less students at less than the minimum hourly wage may not create a substantial probability of reducing the full-time employment opportunities for other workers nor shall it impair or depress the wage rates or working standards established for other workers engaged in work of the same or comparable nature.

   (2)  Seven or more students. If employment of students at subminimum wages increases to seven or more students, then the employer must file a new application for the appropriate certificate to hire seven or more students. To qualify for the certificate to hire seven or more students, the employer must maintain a ratio of at least three regular employees to each student employed.

 (d)  Students are permitted to work on a part-time basis, but not in excess of 20 hours in any workweek at the subminimum wage rate during the school term, except that when school is not in session the weekly limitation on the maximum number of hours which may be worked at the subminimum rate may be increased by 8 hours for each holiday, but in no event for more than 40 hours a week.

 (e)  A copy of the certificate permitting the employment of students at the student rate shall be retained at the place of employment and be made available for inspection by the Secretary for not less than 3 years after termination of employment of students.


   The provisions of this §  231.61 amended May 4, 1979, effective May 5, 1979, 9 Pa.B. 1467. Immediately preceding text appears at serial page (32192).

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