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The Pennsylvania Code website reflects the Pennsylvania Code changes effective through 53 Pa.B. 7346 (November 25, 2023).

Pennsylvania Code



9.71.    General requirements.
9.72.    Exposure to dust, fumes and other atmospheric impurities.
9.73.    Cigar manufacturing.
9.74.    Meat grinding.
9.75.    Linoleum manufacturing.
9.76.    Centrifugal extractors.
9.77.    Electric welding.
9.78.    Needle trades.
9.79.    Treatment of horsehair.
9.80.    Forging and hot metal stamping.
9.81.    Protection of persons engaged in fumigating.
9.82.    Storage of volatile inflammable liquids.
9.83.    Guarding of guillotine cutters.
9.84.    Guarding bakery machinery.
9.85.    Drinking water on contracting operations.
9.86.    Portable power hand saws.
9.87.    Blasting operations.
9.88.    Proof of liability of employers for Workmen’s Compensation Insurance.
9.89.    Alteration, painting or glazing of windows.
9.90.    Maintenance of stairs, ramps or walking surfaces.
9.91.    Posted guard near manhole entrance.
9.92.    Penalty.


   The provisions of this Subchapter D issued under act of June 2, 1913 (P. L. 396, No. 267) (71 P. S. §  1444), unless otherwise noted.


   The provisions of this Subchapter D adopted August 1, 1968.

§ 9.71. General requirements.

 (a)  Indulgence in foolish play, unnecessary pushing and nudging and similar activities while at work, which involves the safety of fellow workers, is prohibited.

 (b)  Where male employes work two shifts, an intermission shall be scheduled between shifts for the purpose of permitting time for meals.

 (c)  The sharing of towels in any establishment is prohibited.

 (d)  Smoking is prohibited in every work room or stockroom in any factory or workshop in this Commonwealth in which explosive or readily combustible material is used, handled or stored, and in other parts of such factories where there is an equally great fire hazard.

 (e)  No employe may have in his possession at any time in any room or other portion of a building where ether is manufactured or otherwise handled, any match or other flame-producing device, unless he is authorized in writing by the superintendent to do so, in which case safety matches only may be used. A search for matches shall be made by an authorized person at least twice a week, at irregular intervals. The finding of a match or other flame-producing device on the person of any employe not authorized to have matches in his possession shall be cause for immediate dismissal, and the fact shall be reported to the Department.

 (f)  In every establishment there shall be provided and properly maintained approved first aid kits at all times, without cost to employes, in such locations and in sufficient number to meet the demands of the various working groups. At least one person for each such kit shall be properly instructed in the application of first aid to injured persons and shall have charge of the first aid kit and its maintenance. Special consideration shall be given to the type of injuries peculiar to the type of industry as well as general first aid instruction.

§ 9.72. Exposure to dust, fumes and other atmospheric impurities.

 (a)  All dust, fumes, vapors, gases, fibers, fogs, mists or any other atmospheric impurities that, in connection with any process of manufacture or use, are created in, emitted into, or disseminated through areas where persons are employed in such quantities as, in the judgment of the Department, would or might tend to injure the health of employes shall be removed by means of suction devices at their point of origin or by other methods acceptable to the Department.

 (b)  When required by the Department the employer shall have determinations made of the kind and amount of the atmospheric impurities from a sample taken under conditions and at a point or points indicated by the Department. This shall be performed by an analyst qualified for the purpose.

 (c)  The quantity of any impurities as shown by the determinations may not be of an amount considered by the Department to be injurious to the health of employes.

§ 9.73. Cigar manufacturing.

 The practice of bringing the cigar or cigar band to the mouth in the process of manufacture or banding of cigars is prohibited.

§ 9.74. Meat grinding.

 All power-driven meat grinders of the worm type shall be so constructed that meat can be safely fed to the worm by any of the following methods:

   (1)  By a mechanical method of feeding the worm.

   (2)  By the use of a permanently attached neck to the cylinder enclosing the worm which shall have an opening of not more than 2 1/2 inches in diameter at a point at least 4 1/2 inches above the worm.

   (3)  Any other means of protection approved by the Board.

§ 9.75. Linoleum manufacturing.

 The height of the railing along runways of drying stoves or festooners used in the manufacture of linoleum shall not be less than 36 inches.

§ 9.76. Centrifugal extractors.

 Centrifugal machines, such as extractors and whizzers, shall be provided with covers for the revolving drums or baskets. These covers shall be electrically or mechanically arranged so that they are closed at all times while the drums are in motion. Machines shall be provided with effective brakes which are mechanically operated.

§ 9.77. Electric welding.

 (a)  The point where electric welding operations are being conducted shall be so enclosed to prevent the harmful rays from the arc from reaching the eyes of any workmen.

 (b)  For the protection of the welder, that portion of the enclosure which is behind the welder shall be coated with a substance which will minimize all reflection and eliminate ultraviolet radiations.

 (c)  Operators of electric welding machines shall be provided with approved helmets or goggles unless such machines are equipped with shields attached to the top electrode.

§ 9.78. Needle trades.

 Power-driven single needle sewing machines used for straight sewing without folders shall be provided with an approved needle guard so that the fingers of the operator are protected from accidentally slipping under the needle. The guard shall be of such form that the needle can be threaded conveniently without removing the guard.

§ 9.79. Treatment of horsehair.

 All horsehair, as early as possible in the process of its manufacture, preferably before the bales are opened, or with the minimum amount of handling after the bales have been opened, shall be subjected to one of the following processes:

   (1)  Subjection to dry heat at a temperature of 200° F for 24 hours.

   (2)  Subjection to steam at 15 pounds pressure for 2 hours.

   (3)  Boiling, with the hair constantly covered with boiling water, for 3 hours.

§ 9.80. Forging and hot metal stamping.

 (a)  All hammers operated by steam, air, gravity or electricity shall be provided with positive locking devices so that when the ram is at the top or the bottom of its stroke, it cannot be accidentally moved.

 (b)  Every steam and air hammer shall be provided with a stop valve in the admission pipe line, which shall be closed, prior to, and during the repair of the hammer or while changing dies.

§ 9.81. Protection of persons engaged in fumigating.

 Any person engaged in fumigating and using cyanogen compounds or any other gases, fumes or vapors which are dangerously toxic shall wear a protective device such as a gas mask with a canister containing an effective absorbent, or a device supplying fresh air or oxygen to the user.

§ 9.82. Storage of volatile inflammable liquids.

 No volatile inflammable liquids may be stored or handled in any room not properly ventilated or within dangerous proximity to open flame, fire or spark-emitting devices.

§ 9.83. Guarding of guillotine cutters.

 All power-driven guillotine paper cutters installed after July 1, 1933, shall be equipped with a two-handed tripping device and a nonrepeat device.

§ 9.84. Guarding bakery machinery.

 (a)  Each dough brake shall be provided with either a foot-operated belt shifter or a guard in front of the rolls so arranged that the striking of the guard by the hand of the operator will stop the machine. These devices shall be so located that the operator can stop the machine without moving from the normal operating position.

 (b)  Each cone on a macaroni kneader shall be provided with a guard which will protect the operator on the nip or intake side of the cone. Such guard shall completely cover the intake side of the cone including the nip point. No dough shall be removed from any macaroni kneader pan while the pan is in motion under power. Dough adhering to cones shall not be removed while the kneader is in motion under power.

 (c)  Each nontilting type of dough mixer shall be provided with an interlocking device and cover so arranged that power cannot be applied to the agitator unless the cover is within three inches of complete closure.

 (d)  Each tilting type dough mixer shall be provided with one of the following devices:

   (1)  An interlocking device and cover so arranged that power cannot be applied to the agitator unless the cover is within three inches of complete closure.

   (2)  An automatic power cutoff which will cut off all power from the agitator when the bowl is tilted more than three inches from full closure. A substantial stationary cover shall be provided which will close the bowl when it is in the mixing position.

 (e)  An auxiliary device, in connection with either the interlocking device or the automatic power cutoff for operating the agitator when the bowl is in the tilted or unloading position shall be accepted, if such device functions only when the hand of the operator is on the power control.

 (f)  None of the provisions of this section shall be construed as applying to cake dough mixers or icing mixers.

§ 9.85. Drinking water on contracting operations.

 (a)  Where possible, a sufficient quantity of pure and wholesome drinking water of a quality approved by the Department of Health of the Commonwealth shall be provided by contractors for employes engaged in contracting operations.

 (b)  Where it is not possible to supply drinking water which has been approved by the Department of Health of the Commonwealth, contractors shall supply a sufficient quantity of pure and wholesome water and shall further be responsible for the testing of such water.

§ 9.86. Portable power hand saws.

 Portable power hand saws shall be of an approved type.

§ 9.87. Blasting operations.

 The conduct of all blasting operations shall be under the direct control and supervision of competent and responsible persons who are blasters licensed by the Department. No person shall be permitted to fire any charge of explosives in blasting operations except a competent licensed blaster. The superintendent, foreman, or person in charge of every operation where blasting is necessary shall post in a conspicuous place in proximity to the operation the name or names of licensed blasters whom he has designated to handle this work.

§ 9.88. Proof of liability of employers for Workmen’s CompensationInsurance.

 Every employer of labor in this Commonwealth shall display in a prominent place, readily accessible to employes and to the Department or its representative, a notice certifying compliance with Article III of the Pennsylvania Workmen’s Compensation Act (77 P. S. § §  411—413, 431, 461—463, 481, 484, 501, 511—514, 517, 531, 541, 561—563, 582, 583, 601—604, 621, 631—633, 651, 671, 672, 676). Observance of this requirement shall be indicated by the proper posting, of one of three notices to be prepared and distributed by the Workmen’s Compensation Bureau of the Department after approval by the Board. The notices shall outline the following:

   (1)  Acceptance of Article III of the Pennsylvania Workmen’s Compensation Act including a statement showing the name of the insurance company carrying compensation insurance and the expiration date of the current policy.

   (2)  Acceptance of Article III of the Pennsylvania Workmen’s Compensation Act including a statement that the Department has accepted application to be listed as a self-insured employer.

   (3)  Rejection of Article III of the Pennsylvania Workmen’s Compensation Act in accordance with the option therein contained.

§ 9.89. Alteration, painting or glazing of windows.

 Where alterations, painting or glazing of windows requires the workmen to stand on the outside window sills located 12 feet or more above grade or adjoining flat roof, the workmen shall wear an approved belt for window-cleaning use attached to approved anchors, or a suitable scaffold shall be provided.

§ 9.90. Maintenance of stairs, ramps or walking surfaces.

 In every establishment stairs, ramps or walking surfaces shall be safely maintained. Where treads or walking surfaces become worn, broken or unsafe, they shall be repaired or replaced by treads or walking surfaces in first class condition.

§ 9.91. Posted guard near manhole entrance.

 A person whose duties require him to enter a manhole, or who allows another under his supervision to do so, shall have a person posted to act as guard at the entrance to the manhole. The guard shall remain on duty as long as the party remains within the open manhole.

§ 9.92. Penalty.

 A person who fails to comply with this subchapter or regulations of the Department shall be subject to the penalties defined in section 1 of the act of August 22, 1961 (P. L. 1034, No. 467) (35 P. S. §  5401).

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