Pennsylvania Code & Bulletin

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The Pennsylvania Code website reflects the Pennsylvania Code changes effective through 54 Pa.B. 1806 (March 30, 2024).

52 Pa. Code § 1.35. Execution.

§ 1.35. Execution.

 (a)  Signature.

   (1)  Paper filings. A pleading, submittal or other document must be signed in ink by the party in interest, or by the party’s attorney, as required by subsection (b), and show the office and mailing address of the party or attorney. An original hard copy must be signed, and other copies filed must conform thereto unless otherwise ordered by the Commission.

   (2)  Electronic filings. An electronic filing must include an electronic signature when it is filed on the Commission’s electronic filing system by a filing user or authorized agent by means of a user ID and password. A filing must include:

     (i)   A notation on the first page that it has been electronically filed.

     (ii)   A signature block and the name, office, and e-mail address of the filing user.

   (3)  Limitation on user ID and password. Each filing user may determine the number of authorized agents who may use the filing user’s user ID and password. A filing user may not knowingly permit or cause to permit a user ID and password to be used by anyone other than an authorized agent of the filing user.

 (b)  Signatory.

   (1)  A pleading, submittal or other document filed with the Commission must be signed by one of the following:

     (i)   The person filing the documents, and severally if there is more than one person so filing.

     (ii)   An officer if it is a corporation, trust, association or other organized group.

     (iii)   An officer or employee thereof if it is another agency, a political subdivision, or other governmental authority, agency or instrumentality.

     (iv)   An attorney having authority with respect thereto.

   (2)  A document filed by a corporation, trust, association or other organized group, may be required to be supplemented by appropriate evidence of the authority of the officer or attorney signing the documents.

 (c)  Effect.

   (1)  The signature of the individual signing a document filed with the Commission constitutes a certificate by the individual that:

     (i)   The individual has read the document being signed and filed, and knows the contents thereof.

     (ii)   The document has been signed and executed in the capacity specified upon the document with full power and authority to do so, if executed in a representative capacity.

     (iii)   The document is well grounded in fact and is warranted by existing law or a good faith argument for the extension, modification or reversal of existing law, to the best of the individual’s knowledge, information and belief formed after reasonable inquiry.

     (iv)   The document is not interposed for an improper purpose, such as to harass or to cause unnecessary delay or needless increase in the cost of litigation.

   (2)  If a document is signed in violation of this subsection, the presiding officer or the Commission, upon motion or upon its own initiative, may impose upon the individual who signed it, a represented party, or both, an appropriate sanction, which may include striking the document, dismissal of the proceeding or the imposition of civil penalties under section 3301 of the act (relating to civil penalties for violations).

 (d)  Supersession. Subsections (a)—(c) supersede 1 Pa. Code §  33.11 (relating to execution).


   The provisions of this §  1.35 amended under the Public Utility Code, 66 Pa.C.S. § §  309—311, 315, 331—335, 501, 504—506, 701—703, 1101—1103, 1301 and 1501.


   The provisions of this §  1.35 adopted October 12, 1984, effective January 1, 1985, 14 Pa.B. 3819; amended December 2, 1988, effective January 3, 1989, 18 Pa.B. 5451; amended April 28, 2006, effective April 29, 2006, 36 Pa.B. 2097; amended September 26, 2008, effective September 27, 2008, 38 Pa.B. 5303. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (319052) to (319054).

Cross References

   This section cited in 52 Pa. Code §  3.601 (relating to general); 52 Pa. Code §  56.173 (relating to review from informal complaint decisions of the Bureau of Consumer Services); and 52 Pa. Code §  56.403 (relating to review from informal complaint decisions of the Bureau of Consumer Services).

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