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The Pennsylvania Code website reflects the Pennsylvania Code changes effective through 54 Pa.B. 1806 (March 30, 2024).

55 Pa. Code § 3290.31. Age and training.


§ 3290.31. Age and training.

 (a)  The operator shall have the following qualifications:

   (1)  Be 18 years of age or older.

   (2)  Have a high school diploma or a general educational development certificate and submit proof to the appropriate regional office of the Department no later than the submission of the second renewal application.

 (b)  Staff persons shall be 18 years of age or older.

 (c)  A volunteer shall be 16 years of age or older. A volunteer shall be directly supervised at all times by a staff person.

 (d)  An individual 16 years of age or older who is enrolled in an approved training curriculum may be used as a staff person if the following guidelines are met:

   (1)  The curriculum is conducted by an institution approved by the Department of Education and accredited by an accrediting agency recognized by the United States Department of Education or the Council on Post-secondary accreditation and acceptable to the Department of Education.

   (2)  The curriculum includes acceptable training topics referenced in subsection (f)(2).

   (3)  The curriculum includes a minimum total of 600 clock hours, distributed as follows:

     (i)   A minimum of 400 clock hours of classroom training.

     (ii)   A minimum of 200 clock hours of supervised training in a child care facility.

   (4)  A representative of the training institution certifies in writing that the individual has completed the required classroom training and is currently enrolled in the curriculum.

   (5)  The written certification required in paragraph (4) shall be retained in the staff file at the facility.

 (e)  Child care professional credentials are equivalent to the following staff qualifications:

   (1)  A Child Development Associate (CDA) credential or a Certified Childcare Professional (CCP) credential is equivalent to 9 credit hours from an accredited college or university in early childhood education or child development and 1 year of experience with children.

   (2)  A Pennsylvania school-age professional credential is equivalent to 9 credit hours from an accredited college or university in elementary education or child development and 1 year experience with children.

 (f)  A staff person shall obtain an annual minimum of 12 clock hours of child care training.

   (1)  Acceptable training is conducted in one or more of the following settings:

     (i)   By a secondary or postsecondary institution approved by the Department of Education and accredited by an accrediting agency recognized by the United States Department of Education or the Council on Postsecondary Accreditation and acceptable to the Department of Education.

     (ii)   By an entity that is licensed or certified professionally competent in the training topic.

     (iii)   In conferences or workshops.

     (iv)   With audio-visual materials recognized by child care professionals.

   (2)  Acceptable training topics include the following:

     (i)   Child or staff health.

     (ii)   Child development, early childhood education and special education.

     (iii)   Supervision, discipline and guidance of children.

     (iv)   Nutrition for children.

     (v)   Child care program development.

     (vi)   Child care staff person or volunteer professional development.

   (3)  Other training topics may be submitted for the Department’s review and approval.

   (4)  Depending on the provisions of the appropriate regulation, training may be required for certain staff persons. The following constitutes competence in training areas:

     (i)   Pediatric first-aid training and pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Competence is the completion of training by a professional in the field of first-aid and CPR. All staff persons shall renew their certification in pediatric first aid and pediatric CPR on or before the expiration of the most current certification.

     (ii)   Lifeguard training. Competence is completion of lifeguard training, including first-aid training and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for child and infant.

     (iii)   Water safety instruction. Competence is completion of basic instruction in water safety from a certified lifeguard.

 (g)  Staff persons shall complete professional development in the following topics within 90 days of the date of hire:

   (1)  Prevention and control of infectious diseases (including immunization) and the establishment of a grace period that allows homeless children and children in foster care to receive services under this subchapter while their families (including foster families) are taking necessary action to comply with immunization and other health and safety requirements.

   (2)  Prevention of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and use of safe sleep practices.

   (3)  Administration of medication, consistent with standards for parental consent.

   (4)  Prevention of and response to emergencies due to food and allergic reactions.

   (5)  Building and physical premises safety, including identification of and protection from hazards that can cause bodily injury such as electrical hazards, bodies of water and vehicular traffic.

   (6)  Prevention of shaken baby syndrome and abusive head trauma.

   (7)  Emergency preparedness and response planning for emergencies resulting from a natural disaster or a man-caused event (such as violence at a child care facility) within the meaning of those terms under section 602(a)(1) of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C.A. §  5195a(a)(1)).

   (8)  Handling and storage of hazardous materials and appropriate disposal of biocontaminants.

   (9)  Precautions when transporting children.

   (10)  Pediatric first aid and pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

 (h)  Completion of professional development shall be documented by the signature and title of a representative of the professional development entity and include the date the professional development was completed. Documentation of the completion of the professional development under subsection (g) taken from September 30, 2016, forward satisfies this requirement.

 (i)  All staff persons shall complete the professional development under subsection (g). Documentation of the completion of training shall be kept in the facility person’s file or maintained in an electronic system as designated by the Department.

 (j)  Professional development under subsection (g) may count towards the annual clock hours under subsection (f) on a one-time basis.

 (k)  Staff persons shall obtain available ongoing professional development relating to the health and safety topics as specified in subsection (g) prior to obtaining professional development in other topics as permitted in subsection (f)(2).


   The provisions of this §  3290.31 amended under Articles IX and X of the Human Services Code (62 P.S. § §  901—922 and 1001—1088).


   The provisions of this §  3290.31 amended May 23, 2008, effective September 22, 2008, 38 Pa.B. 2437; amended December 18, 2020, effective December 19, 2020, except that current staff in child care facilities have 180 days from the effective date of the final-form rulemaking to meet the requirements in subsection (g), 50 Pa.B. 7133. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (335130) to (335132).

Cross References

   This section cited in 55 Pa. Code §  3290.11 (relating to application for and issuance of a certificate of compliance); and 55 Pa. Code §  3290.115 (relating to water activity).

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