Pennsylvania Code & Bulletin

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The Pennsylvania Code website reflects the Pennsylvania Code changes effective through 53 Pa.B. 7346 (November 25, 2023).

67 Pa. Code § 212.116. No Turn on Red Sign (R10-11 sign series).

§ 212.116. No Turn on Red Sign (R10-11 sign series).

 (a)  Warrants for no-turn-on-red restrictions. The following warrants may be used in addition to the warrants for no-turn on red restrictions in the MUTCD (relating to traffic signal signs).

   (1)  A right turn on red, or left turn on red from a one-way highway to another one-way highway, may be prohibited from an intersection approach where an engineering and traffic study indicates that one or more of the following conditions exist:

     (i)   The available corner sight distance between a driver desiring to turn on red and an approaching vehicle on the cross street is less than the minimum shown on the following table:

Speed Limit or 85th
Percentile Speed
Minimum Sight Distance to Approaching Vehicle*
Cross Street Approach Grade
-9% -6% -3% 3% 6% 9%
25 152 173 165 158 147 143 140
30 197 227 215 205 200 184 179
35 247 287 271 257 237 229 222
40 301 354 333 315 289 278 269
45 360 427 400 378 344 331 320
50 424 507 474 446 405 388 375
55 493 593 553 520 469 450 433

 * Measure sight distance from a location 10 feet before a marked pedestrian cross walk or, if none, 10 feet from the edge of the cross street roadway or curb line, where both the eye and the approaching vehicle are 3.5 feet high.

     (ii)   The intersection has more than four approaches or has restrictive geometry that is likely to cause vehicular conflicts which are not easily recognized by drivers.

     (iii)   The turning movement is allowed from more than one lane on a specific approach.

     (iv)   The vehicular turning movement would result in significant vehicular and pedestrian conflicts, such as locations where the crosswalk is designated as a school crossing or is used by large numbers of children, senior citizens or persons with physical disabilities. A no-turn-on-red restriction at these locations may only apply during the time periods that significant vehicular-pedestrian conflicts would occur, in accordance with paragraph (3).

     (v)   Opposing traffic has unusual movements, such as double left turns, which would not be expected by drivers turning on a red signal.

     (vi)   An analysis of vehicle crash data indicates that the turn-on-red movement has created an unsafe condition.

   (2)  Part-time or intermittent prohibition of the turn-on-red movement must be used at locations where a potential safety concern exists for only a portion of the day. These restrictions must be implemented by the use of one or more of the following:

     (i)   A Restricted Hours Panel (R10-20A) under the No Turn On Red Sign.

     (ii)   A supplemental message incorporated directly into the No Turn On Red Sign.

     (iii)   A sign designating the hours the restriction is effective.

     (iv)   A blank-out No-Turn-On-Red Sign.

   (3)  A part-time or intermittent prohibition of the turn-on-red movement may be used at an intersection approach where vehicles turning on red would cross an at-grade railroad crossing within 200 feet and the traffic signal controller is preempted during train movements during the time the signal controller is preempted in accordance with paragraph (2).

 (b)  Application. This section applies to signalized roadway and driveway intersections along all highways.

 (c)  Engineering and traffic studies. Engineering and traffic studies required by subsection (a)(1) shall be conducted by local authorities. The Department will be responsible for conducting the study at the following locations:

   (1)  At intersections where the traffic signal controller is preempted during train movements for a nearby crossing.

   (2)  At new or revised traffic signal installations when the traffic signal is designed by the Department.

 (d)  Department approval. Written approval of the Department’s district executive shall be obtained prior to installation of a No Turn on Red Sign (R10-11 Series) at any intersection where the Department has issued the traffic signal permit.

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