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COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA

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The Pennsylvania Code website reflects the Pennsylvania Code changes effective through 52 Pa.B. 7348 (November 26, 2022).

234 Pa. Code Rule 490.1. Procedure for Obtaining Expungement of Truancy Cases; Expungement Order.

Rule 490.1. Procedure for Obtaining Expungement of Truancy Cases; Expungement Order.

 (A)  PETITION FOR EXPUNGEMENT

   (1)  An individual who satisfies the requirements of 24 P.S. §  13-1333.3(h) for expungement of a summary truancy case may request expungement by filing a petition with the issuing authority by whom the charges were disposed.

   (2)  The petition shall set forth:

     (a)   the petitioner’s name and any aliases that the petitioner has used, address, date of birth, and social security number;

     (b)   the name and address of the issuing authority who accepted the guilty plea or heard the case;

     (c)   the name and mailing address of the affiant as shown on the complaint or citation, if available;

     (d)   the magisterial district court number;

     (e)   the docket number;

     (f)   the school from which the petitioner had been found to be truant;

     (g)   the date on the citation or complaint, or the date of arrest, and, if available, and the criminal justice agency that made the arrest;

     (h)   the specific charges, as they appear on the charging document, to be expunged;

     (i)   the disposition and, if the sentence includes a fine, costs, or restitution, whether the amount due has been paid;

     (j)   that the petitioner has satisfied the requirements of 24 P.S. §  13-1333.3(h) for expungement; and

     (k)   a verification by the petitioner that facts set forth in the petition are true and correct to the best of the petitioner’s personal knowledge or information and belief. The verification may be by a sworn affidavit or by an unsworn written statement that the facts are verified subject to the penalties for unsworn falsification to authorities under the Crimes Code §  4904, 18 Pa.C.S. §  4904.

     Additional information shall not be required by local rule or practice.

   (3)  A copy of the petitioner’s high school diploma, a Commonwealth secondary school diploma or another department of education-approved equivalent, or documentation that the petitioner is subject to an exception to compulsory attendance under 24 P.S. §  13-1330 shall be attached to the petition.

   (4)  A copy of the petition shall be served on the affiant, the attorney for the Commonwealth and the school from which the petitioner had been found to be truant concurrently with filing.

 (B)  OBJECTIONS; HEARING

   (1)  Within 30 days after service of the petition, the school, the affiant, or the attorney for the Commonwealth shall file a consent or objection to the petition or take no action. The school’s, affiant’s, or attorney for the Commonwealth’s consent or objection shall be filed with the issuing authority, and copies shall be served on the petitioner’s attorney, or the petitioner if unrepresented.

   (2)  Upon receipt of the school, the affiant, or the attorney for the Commonwealth’s response, or no later than 14 days after the expiration of the 30-day period in paragraph (B)(1), the issuing authority shall grant or deny the petition or shall schedule a hearing.

   (3)  At the hearing, if any, the petitioner, the affiant and the attorney for the Commonwealth and the school from which the petitioner had been found to be truant shall be afforded an opportunity to be heard. Following the hearing, the issuing authority promptly shall enter an order granting or denying the petition.

   (4)  If the issuing authority grants the petition for expungement, the issuing authority shall enter an order directing expungement.

     (a)   The order shall contain the information required in paragraph (C).

     (b)   Except when the school, the affiant, or the attorney for the Commonwealth has filed a consent to the petition pursuant to paragraph (B)(1), the order shall be stayed for 30 days pending an appeal. If a timely notice of appeal is filed, the expungement order is stayed pending the disposition of the appeal and further order of court.

   (5)  If the issuing authority denies the petition for expungement, the issuing authority shall enter an order denying the petition and stating the reasons for the denial.

   (6)  The issuing authority shall issue the order granting or denying the petition in writing, with copies to the school, the affiant, or the attorney for the Commonwealth, and shall make the order a part of the docket.

 (C)  ORDER

   (1)  Every order for expungement shall include:

     (a)   the petitioner’s name and any aliases that the petitioner has used, address, date of birth, and social security number;

     (b)   the name and address of the issuing authority who accepted the guilty plea or heard the case;

     (c)   the name and mailing address of the affiant as shown on the complaint or citation, if available;

     (d)   the magisterial district court number;

     (e)   the docket number;

     (f)   the school from which the petitioner had been found to be truant;

     (g)   the date on the citation or complaint, or the date of arrest, and, if available, the criminal justice agency that made the arrest;

     (h)   the specific charges, as they appear on the charging document, to be expunged;

     (i)   the disposition and, if the sentence includes a fine, costs, or restitution, whether the amount due has been paid;

     (j)   a statement that the petitioner has satisfied the requirements of 24 P.S. §  13-1333.3(h) for expungement; and

     (k)   the criminal justice agencies upon which certified copies of the order shall be served.

   Additional information shall not be required by local rule or practice.

   (2)  The issuing authority shall serve a certified copy of the order to the school from which the petitioner had been found to be truant, the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation and to each criminal justice agency identified in the order.

Comment

   This rule, adopted in 2018, provides the procedures for requesting and ordering expungement in summary truancy cases as provided in 24 P.S. §  13-1333.3(h). If the issuing authority finds the petitioner has satisfied the statutory conditions, the issuing authority shall grant the petition.

   As provided by statute, expungement petitions in truancy cases may be filed in a magisterial district court, a court of common pleas, or the Philadelphia Municipal Court. See 24 P.S. §  13-1333.2. The use of the term ‘‘issuing authority’’ in this rule is intended to encompass all of these courts.

   Although magisterial district courts are not courts of record, provisions requiring certain occurrences, such as the entry of the expungement order, to be made ‘‘on the record’’ may be accomplished in the magisterial district court by documentation of these occurrences in the case record and the case docket. See Rule 135.

   Paragraph (A)(4) provides for service of the petition upon the affiant, or the attorney for the Commonwealth, and the school from which the petitioner had been found to be truant. This is to provide an opportunity to challenge the petition and the facts supporting the petition.

   See Rule 490 for the procedures for expungement of summary cases other than truancy, including those cases in which a summary case has resulted in the filing of a delinquency or dependency petition in juvenile court as a result of a failure to comply with the summary case sentence. See also Rule 320 for the procedures for expungement following the successful completion of an ARD program in a summary case and Rule 790 for court case expungement procedures.

   This rule sets forth the only information that is to be included in every expungement petition and order.

   A form petition and form order of expungement has been created by the Administrative Office of Pennsylvania Courts, in consultation with the Committee, and is available at the following website: http://www.pacourts.us/forms/for-the-public.

   ‘‘Petition,’’ as used in this rule, is a ‘‘motion’’ for purposes of Rules 575, 576, and 577. The term ‘‘petition’’ is used in recognition that motion practice usually is not conducted in magisterial district courts and that the expungement procedure under this rule is an exception to this general concept.

   For the procedures for filing and service of petitions, see Rule 576.

   For the procedures for filing and service of orders, see Rule 114.

   For purposes of this rule, ‘‘criminal justice agency’’ includes police departments, county detectives, and other law enforcement agencies. See also 18 Pa.C.S. §  9102.

   Concerning standing, see In Re Administrative Order No. 1-MD-2003, 936 A.2d 1 (Pa. 2007); Commonwealth v. J.H., 759 A.2d 1269 (Pa. 2000).

   Official Note

   Adopted December 20, 2018, effective April 1, 2018; Comment revised March 1, 2019, effective July 1, 2019.

   Committee Explanatory Reports:

   Final Report explaining new Rule 490.1 regarding procedures for expungement in truancy cases published with the Court’s Order at 49 Pa.B. 196 (January 12, 2019).

   Final Report explaining the March 1, 2019 Comment revision regarding procedures for expungement in non-truancy cases published with the Court’s Order at 49 Pa.B. 1121 (March 16, 2019).

Source

   The provisions of this Rule 490.1 adopted December 21, 2018, effective May 1, 2019, 49 Pa.B. 190; amended March 1, 2019, effective July 1, 2019, 49 Pa.B. 1118. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (395826) to (395829).



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