Rule 546. Dismissal Upon Satisfaction or Agreement.
When a defendant is charged in a case in which the most serious offense charged is a misdemeanor, the issuing authority may dismiss the case upon a showing that:
(1) the public interest will not be adversely affected;
(2) the attorney for the Commonwealth, or in cases in which there is no attorney for the Commonwealth present, the affiant, consents to the dismissal;
(3) satisfaction has been made to the aggrieved person or there is an agreement that satisfaction will be made to the aggrieved person; and
(4) there is an agreement as to who shall pay the costs.
Paragraphs (1) through (4) set forth those criteria that a defendant must satisfy before the issuing authority has the discretion to dismiss the case under this rule.
The requirement in paragraph (2) that, when the attorney for the Commonwealth is present, he or she must consent to the dismissal, is one of the criteria that, along with the other enumerated criteria, gives the issuing authority discretion to dismiss, even when the affiant refuses to consent.
A dismissal of the case pursuant to this rule is a dismissal of all the charges, including any summary offenses that have been joined with the misdemeanor(s) and are part of the case. See the Comment to Rule 502 (Instituting Proceedings In Court Cases) (when a misdemeanor, felony, or murder is charged with a summary offense in the same complaint, the case should proceed as a court case under Chapter 5 Part B). See also Rule 551 (Withdrawal of Charges Pending Before Issuing Authority) that permits the attorney for the Commonwealth to withdraw one or more of the charges.
For dismissal upon satisfaction or agreement in summary cases in the magisterial district courts see Rule 458.
For the dismissal upon satisfaction or by agreement in summary cases, as defined in Rule 103, that have been appealed to the court of common pleas, see Rule 463.
For court dismissal upon satisfaction or agreement in court cases, see Rule 586.
Formerly Rule 121, adopted June 30, 1964, effective January 1, 1965; suspended January 31, 1970, effective May 1, 1970; revised January 31, 1970, effective May 1, 1970; renumbered Rule 145 and amended September 18, 1973, effective January 1, 1974; amended January 28, 1983, effective July 1, 1983; amended April 18, 1997, effective July 1, 1997; renumbered Rule 546 and amended March 1, 2000, effective April 1, 2001; amended March 9, 2006, effective September 1, 2006; Comment revised January 27, 2021, effective June 1, 2021.
Committee Explanatory Reports:
Final Report explaining the April 18, 1997 amendments aligning the rule with Rule 458 published with the Courts Order at 27 Pa.B. 2119 (May 3, 1997).
Final Report explaining the March 1, 2000 reorganization and renumbering of the rules published with the Courts Order at 30 Pa.B. 1478 (March 18, 2000).
Final Report explaining the March 9, 2006 amendments to the first paragraph and the Comment published with the Courts Order at 36 Pa.B. 1392 (March 25, 2006).
Final Report explaining the January 27, 2021 Comment revisions regarding dismissal by agreement of summary cases in the common pleas court published with the Courts Order at 51 Pa.B. 688 (February 6, 2021).
The provisions of this Rule 546 amended March 9, 2006, effective September 1, 2006, 36 Pa.B. 1385; amended January 27, 2021, effective June 1, 2021, 51 Pa.B. 684. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (370047) to (370048).
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