Pennsylvania Code & Bulletin
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA

• No statutes or acts will be found at this website.

The Pennsylvania Code website reflects the Pennsylvania Code changes effective through 54 Pa.B. 488 (January 27, 2024).

237 Pa. Code Rule 512. Dispositional Hearing.

Rule 512. Dispositional Hearing.

 A.  Manner of Hearing. The court shall conduct the dispositional hearing in an orderly manner.

   1)  Evidence. The court shall receive any oral or written evidence from both parties and the juvenile probation officer that is helpful in determining disposition, including evidence that was not admissible at the adjudicatory hearing.

   2)  Opportunity to be heard. Before deciding disposition, the court shall give the juvenile and the victim an opportunity to be heard.

   3)  Advanced communication technology. A court may utilize advanced communication technology pursuant to Rule 129 for the appearance of the juvenile or the witness only if the parties consent.

   4)  Prosecutor’s presence. The attorney for the Commonwealth shall attend the hearing.

 B.  Recording. The dispositional hearing shall be recorded.

 C.   Colloquy and Inquiry of Post-Dispositional Rights.

   1)  After entering disposition on the record, the court shall ensure that an attorney has reviewed the post-dispositional rights colloquy with the juvenile pursuant to paragraph (C)(2) and conduct an independent inquiry to determine whether the juvenile understands:

     a)   the right to file a post-dispositional motion;

     b)   the right to file an appeal;

     c)   the time limits for a post-dispositional motion and appeal;

     d)   the right to counsel to prepare the motion and appeal; and

     e)   the time limits within which the post-dispositional motion shall be decided.

   2)  The colloquy referenced in paragraph (c)(1) shall be:

     a)   in writing;

     b)   reviewed and completed with the juvenile by an attorney;

     c)   submitted to and reviewed by the court; and

     d)   substantially in the following form:

POST-DISPOSITIONAL RIGHTS COLLOQUY



In re
:
JD
    (Juvenile) :
: Delinquent Act(s):
:
:
:

   POST-DISPOSITIONAL RIGHTS COLLOQUY

   1)  You can disagree with the court’s decisions. You have the right to file a motion. It must be in writing. It must be filed within 10 days from today. You can ask your lawyer to file a motion to:

     a)   ask the court to change or review its decision finding you delinquent;

     b)   ask the court to change or review its decision to place you in a program or on probation; or

     c)   ask the court to change or review its decision to make you to do things on probation (such as paying money, doing community service, taking drug tests, etc.).

 In other words, you can ask the court to change or review any decision that it has made in your case with which you do not agree.

 Do you understand this?


   2)  You have the right to have a lawyer help you file your motion. If your lawyer (who is helping you today) cannot or will not file the motion for you, the court will appoint a new lawyer to help you.

 Do you understand this?


   3)  Here’s what could happen if you file a motion:

     a)   the court could disagree with the motion without having a hearing;

     b)   the court could agree with the motion without having a hearing; or

     c)   the court could hold a hearing and then agree or disagree with the motion.

 Do you understand this?


   4)  If the court disagrees with your motion, you have the right to ask a higher court to look at your case. The higher court would decide if the juvenile court made any mistakes or abused its responsibility when it disagreed with your motion. This is called taking an appeal.

 Do you understand this?


   5)  You must file your request or appeal in writing. You have 30 days from when the court disagrees with your motion to file it.

 Do you understand this?


   6)  You have the right to have a lawyer to help you with your appeal. If your lawyer (who is helping you today) cannot or will not file your appeal for you, the court will appoint a new lawyer to help you.

 Do you understand this?


   7)  You may decide that you would like to take an appeal but do not wish to file a motion. This is called taking a direct appeal. In your direct appeal, you may ask the higher court to decide if the juvenile court was right or wrong in finding you guilty (including what the juvenile judge was or was not allowed to hear) or if the juvenile court made any mistakes or abused its responsibility in anything that the court ordered as your consequences.

 Do you understand this?


   8)  If you wish to take a direct appeal (without filing a motion first) you must file your appeal within 30 days from today (or 30 days from the day that the court decides your consequences).

 Do you understand this?


   9)  If you admitted to any of the charges, you can only ask the higher court to look at the following issues:

     a)   whether your admission was voluntary (you made your own decision to admit to a charge. No one forced you to do this. You understood what you were doing, including the consequences.);

     b)   whether the court was the correct court to hear your case (the court had the authority over your case); or

     c)   whether the court abused its responsibility or made any mistakes in the things that were ordered as your consequences.

 Do you understand this?


   10)  It is important that you remember that you have certain time periods to file a motion or an appeal. These are the time periods:

     a)   You must file your motion within 10 days from today (or the date that the court decides your consequences).

     b)   You have 30 days from the date that the court disagreed with your motion to file your appeal with the higher court.

     c)   If you do not file a motion, you must file your appeal to the higher court within 30 days from today (or the date that the court decides your consequences).

 Do you understand this?


 I promise that I have read this whole form or someone has read this form to me. I understand it. The signature below and on each page of this form are mine.

   



Juvenile

   



Date

 I,


, lawyer for the juvenile, have reviewed this form with my client. My client has told me that he or she understands this form.

   



Lawyer for Juvenile

   



Date

 D. Court’s Findings. The court shall enter its findings and conclusions of law into the record and enter an order pursuant to Rule 515. On the record in open court, the court shall state:

   1)  its disposition;

   2)  the reasons for its disposition;

   3)  the terms, conditions, and limitations of the disposition; and

   4)  if the juvenile is removed from the home:

     a)   the name or type of any agency or institution that shall provide care, treatment, supervision, or rehabilitation of the juvenile;

     b)   its findings and conclusions of law that formed the basis of its decision consistent with 42 Pa.C.S. § §  6301 and 6352, including why the court found that the out-of-home placement ordered is the least restrictive type of placement that is consistent with the protection of the public and best suited to the juvenile’s treatment, supervision, rehabilitation, and welfare; and

     c)   the provision of educational services for the juvenile pursuant to Rule 148;

   5)  whether any evaluations, tests, counseling, or treatments are necessary;

   6)  any findings necessary to ensure the stability and appropriateness of the juvenile’s education, and when appropriate, the court shall appoint an educational decision maker pursuant to Rule 147; and

   7)  any findings necessary to identify, monitor, and address the juvenile’s needs concerning health care and disability, if any, and if parental consent cannot be obtained, authorize evaluations and treatment needed.

Comment

   Any persons may be subpoenaed to appear for the hearing. See Rule 123 and 42 Pa.C.S. §  6333. However, nothing in these rules requires the attendance of the victim unless subpoenaed. If the victim is not present, the victim is to be notified of the final outcome of the proceeding. See Victim’s Bill of Rights, 18 P. S. §  11.201 et seq.

   Under paragraph (A)(2), prior to deciding disposition, the court is to give the victim an opportunity to submit an oral and/or written victim-impact statement if the victim so chooses.

   Before deciding disposition, the court may hear oral argument from the parties’ attorneys.

   To the extent practicable, the judge or juvenile court hearing officer that presided over the adjudicatory hearing for a juvenile should preside over the dispositional hearing for the same juvenile.

   Pursuant to paragraph (C)(1), the court is to explain the right to retain private counsel or be appointed counsel for a post-dispositional motion or an appeal if a juvenile is without counsel. See 42 Pa.C.S. §  6337; see also Rule 150(B) for duration of counsel and Rule 151 for assignment of counsel.

   Pursuant to paragraph (C)(2), the post-dispositional rights colloquy should be substantially in this form. The statements contained are the minimum; a judicial district may choose to add requirements to its form. Any addition to the required form is considered a local rule and the procedures of Pa.R.J.A. No. 103(d) are to be followed if a judicial district chooses to make additions.

   The post-dispositional rights form can be downloaded from the Supreme Court’s webpage at http://www.pacourts.us/forms/juvenile-delinquency-forms. The form is also available in Spanish.

   Pursuant to paragraph (D), when the court has determined the juvenile is in need of treatment, supervision, and rehabilitation, the court is to place its findings and conclusions of law on the record by announcing them orally in the courtroom, followed by written order. The court is to consider the following factors: a) the protection of the community; b) the treatment needs of the juvenile; c) the supervision needs of the juvenile; d) the development of competencies to enable the juvenile to become a responsible and productive member of the community; e) accountability for the offense(s) committed; and f) any other factors that the court deems appropriate.

   Nothing in this rule is intended to preclude the court from further explaining its findings in the dispositional order pursuant to Rule 515.

   Pursuant to paragraph (D)(4), when out-of-home placement is necessary, the court is to explain why the placement is the least restrictive type of placement that is consistent with the protection of the public and the rehabilitation needs of the child. See 42 Pa.C.S. §  6352. The court should also explain to the juvenile the availability of review of the out-of-home placement pursuant to Pa.R.A.P. 1770.

   Pursuant to paragraph (D)(6), the court should address the juvenile’s educational needs. The court’s order should address the right to: 1) an educational decision maker pursuant to Rule 147, 42 Pa.C.S. §  6301, 20 U.S.C. §  1439(a)(5), and 34 C.F.R. §  300.519; and 2) an appropriate education, including any necessary special education or remedial services, 24 P. S. § §  13-1371, 13-1372, 55 Pa. Code §  3130.87, and 20 U.S.C. §  1400 et seq.

   The court should also address the juvenile’s needs concerning health care and disability. The court’s order should address the right of: 1) a juvenile to receive timely and medically appropriate screenings and health care services, 55 Pa. Code §  3800.32 and 42 U.S.C. §  1396d(r); and 2) a juvenile with disabilities to receive necessary accommodations, 42 U.S.C. §  12132, 28 C.F.R. §  35.101 et seq., Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, 29 U.S.C. §  794, and implementing regulations at 45 C.F.R. §  84.1 et seq.

   Pursuant to the Juvenile Act, the court has authority to order a physical or mental examination of a juvenile and medical or surgical treatment of a minor, who is suffering from a serious physical condition or illness which requires prompt treatment in the opinion of a physician. The court may order the treatment even if the guardians have not been given notice of the pending hearing, are not available, or without good cause inform the court that they do not consent to the treatment. 42 Pa.C.S. §  6339(b).

   See Rule 127 for recording and transcribing of proceedings.

   See Rule 136 for ex parte communications.

   Official Note

   Rule 512 adopted April 1, 2005, effective October 1, 2005. Amended May 17, 2007, effective August 20, 2007. Amended April 21, 2011, effective July 1, 2011. Amended April 29, 2011, effective July 1, 2011. Amended May 16, 2011, effective July 1, 2011. Amended May 26, 2011, effective July 1, 2011. Amended July 18, 2012, effective October 1, 2012. Amended April 6, 2017, effective September 1, 2017. Amended May 11, 2017, effective October 1, 2017. Amended December 21, 2018, effective May 1, 2019.

   Committee Explanatory Reports:

   Final Report explaining the provisions of Rule 512 published with the Court’s Order at 35 Pa.B. 2214 (April 16, 2005).

   Final Report explaining the amendments to Rule 512 published with the Court’s Order at 37 Pa.B. 2506 (June 2, 2007).

   Final Report explaining the amendments to Rule 512 published with the Court’s Order at 41 Pa.B. 2319 (May 7, 2011).

   Final Report explaining the amendments to Rule 512 published with the Court’s Order at 41 Pa.B. 2413 (May 14, 2011).

   Final Report explaining the amendments to Rule 512 published with the Court’s Order at 41 Pa.B. 2684 (May 28, 2011).

   Final Report explaining the amendments to Rule 512 published with the Court’s Order at 41 Pa.B. 3180 (June 25, 2011).

   Final Report explaining the amendments to Rule 512 published with the Court’s Order at 42 Pa.B. 4909 (August 4, 2012).

   Final Report explaining the amendments to Rule 512 published with the Court’s Order at 47 Pa.B. 2313 (April 22, 2017).

   Final Report explaining the amendments to Rule 512 published with the Court’s Order at 47 Pa.B. 2969 (May 27, 2017).

   Final Report explaining the amendments to Rule 512 published with the Court’s Order at 49 Pa.B. 208 (January 12, 2019).

   Final Report explaining the amendments to Rule 512 published with the Court’s Order at 49 Pa.B. 610 (February 9, 2019).

Source

   The provisions of this Rule 512 amended May 17, 2007, effective August 20, 2007, 37 Pa.B. 2506; amended April 21, 2011, effective July 1, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 2319; amended April 29, 2011, effective July 1, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 2413; amended May 16, 2011, effective July 1, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 2684; amended May 26, 2011, effective July 1, 2011, 41 Pa.B. 3180; amended July 18, 2012, effective October 1, 2012, 42 Pa.B. 4909; amended April 6, 2017, effective September 1, 2017, 47 Pa.B. 2313; amended May 11, 2017, effective October 1, 2017, 47 Pa.B. 2969; amended December 21, 2018, effective May 1, 2019, 49 Pa.B. 208, 610. Immediately preceding text appears at serial pages (387918) to (387923).



No part of the information on this site may be reproduced for profit or sold for profit.


This material has been drawn directly from the official Pennsylvania Code full text database. Due to the limitations of HTML or differences in display capabilities of different browsers, this version may differ slightly from the official printed version.